Tag Archives: president abraham lincoln

today’s image: Grant’s Commission On March 9, 1864,



Grant’s Commission On March 9, 1864,

President Abraham Lincoln officially commissioned Ulysses S. Grant the first Lieutenant General in the U.S. Army since George Washington. In the face of repeated defeats on the eastern front of the war, Grant had been a consistent source of good news — and good generalship — in the West. ‘I can’t spare this man,’ Lincoln said, ‘he fights.’

Photo: Library of Congress

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picture of the day: Abraham Lincoln ratifies The Thirteenth Amendment



The Thirteenth Amendment
On February 1, 1865 Lincoln’s home state of Illinois became the first to ratify the Thirteenth Amendment abolishing slavery throughout the United States. President Abraham Lincoln had issued the Emancipation Proclamation two years earlier, but it had not effectively abolished slavery in all of the states–it did not apply to slave-holding border states that had remained with the Union during the Civil War. After the war, the sentiment about blacks was mixed even among anti-slavery Americans: some considered Lincoln’s address too conservative and pushed for black suffrage, arguing that blacks would remain oppressed by their former owners if they did not have the power to vote. After the amendment was passed, the Freedmen’s Bureau was created to help blacks with the problems they would encounter while trying to acquire jobs, education and land of their own.

Image: Library of Congress

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today’s birthday: Mary Todd Lincoln (1818)


Mary Todd Lincoln (1818)

Mary Todd Lincoln, the wife of President Abraham Lincoln, was a tragic figure of the American Civil War period. As First Lady, she was criticized for her use of taxpayers’ money in refurbishing the White House and was even accused of harboring Confederate sympathies. She struggled with depression after witnessing her husband’s assassination and suffering the deaths of three of her children, and she was committed to an insane asylum for several months in 1875. Who had her committed? More… Discuss

this day in the yesteyear: Abraham Lincoln Delivers Gettysburg Address (1863)


 

Abraham Lincoln Delivers Gettysburg Address (1863)

The Gettysburg Address, one of the most quoted speeches in US history, was delivered by President Abraham Lincoln at the dedication of the Soldiers’ National Cemetery in Gettysburg, Pennsylvania, four and half months after the famous battle fought there. In about two minutes, Lincoln’s address redefined the American Civil War as not just a struggle for the Union, but as “a new birth of freedom” for the US and its people. Lincoln’s address has drawn comparisons to what ancient speech? More… Discuss

 

THIS DAY IN THE YESTERYEAR: JOHN WILKES BOOTH SHOOTS LINCOLN (1865)


John Wilkes Booth Shoots Lincoln (1865)

Booth was an American actor and Confederate sympathizer who assassinated President Abraham Lincoln at Ford’s Theater in Washington, DC, during a performance of Our American Cousin. Shortly after 10 PM on April 14, 1865, Booth slipped into the presidential box unobserved, shot Lincoln in the head, and vaulted to the stage, breaking his leg in the process. According to witnesses, he then shouted “Sic semper tyrannis,” Virginia’s state motto. What does the Latin phrase mean?More… Discuss

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THIS DAY IN THE YESTERYEAR: THE EMANCIPATION PROCLAMATION IS FORMALLY ISSUED (1863)


The Emancipation Proclamation Is Formally Issued (1863)

Though this edict, issued by US President Abraham Lincoln while the country was embroiled in a bloody civil war, was largely a symbolic gesture and did not actually end slavery, it was a major step on the road to abolition and sent a clear message about the Union’s stance on the matter. The proclamation—which was almost entirely the work of Lincoln himself—declared free all slaves living in areas still engaged in revolt against the Union. What officially ended slavery in the USMore… Discuss

 

This Day in History: US PRESIDENT ABRAHAM LINCOLN SUSPENDS HABEAS CORPUS (1861)


US President Abraham Lincoln Suspends Habeas Corpus (1861)

In law, habeas corpus is a writ ordering that a person be brought before a judge, especially to decide whether a prisoner’s detention is lawful. Its suspension means that prisoners can be held indefinitely without being charged. During the US Civil War, President Lincoln suspended habeas corpus to arrest and silence Southern dissenters. A legal battle ensued, and Lincoln prevailed.Habeas corpus has been suspended numerous times in US history, most recently in what year? More… Discuss