Tag Archives: president franklin d roosevelt

TODAY’S HOLIDAY: National Maritime Day

National Maritime Day

It was President Franklin D. Roosevelt who first proclaimed May 22 as National Maritime Day in 1933. Since that time, observations of this day have grown in popularity, particularly in American port cities. Ships are opened to the public, maritime art and essay contests are held, and parades and band concerts are common. Environmentalists sometimes take advantage of the attention focused on the country’s maritime heritage on this day to draw attention to pollution and deterioration of maritime environments, particularly in large commercial ports like New York City. More… Discuss

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Today’s Birthday: HARRY S. TRUMAN (1884)

Harry S. Truman (1884)

In 1945, when US president Franklin D. Roosevelt died—just 82 days into his fourth term—Truman, his vice president, assumed the office. Presiding over the end of World War II and the transition to peacetime, he made unexpectedly bold decisions. He dropped the first atomic bombs on Japan, proposed the “Truman Doctrine” of Communist containment, authorized the Berlin Airlift, and initiated US involvement in the Korean War. For most of his second term, Truman did not live in the White House. Why? More… Discuss

This Day in History: US President Franklin D. Roosevelt Forbids Hoarding of Gold (1933)

US President Franklin D. Roosevelt Forbids Hoarding of Gold (1933)

Executive Order 6012 required US citizens and businesses to turn in all but a small amount of gold to the Federal Reserve in exchange for $20.67 per ounce. It came in the midst of a banking crisis, when the stability of paper currency was in doubt. Consequently, many tried to withdraw their money and redeem it for gold, which was considered safer. However, there simply was not enough gold in the US—or the world—to cover the nation’s debts. How many people were prosecuted for violating the order? More… Discuss