Tag Archives: Prime Minister of the United Kingdom

today’s birthday: Benjamin Disraeli (1804)


Benjamin Disraeli (1804)

Disraeli, a Conservative politician and novelist, succeeded the earl of Derby as prime minister of Great Britain in 1868 but lost the office to political rival William Gladstone that same year. During his second term as prime minister, from 1874 to 1880, Disraeli’s ministry enacted a number of domestic reforms. He was a staunch imperialist and, under his leadership, Britain gained a controlling interest in the Suez Canal. Why was Disraeli’s first book, Vivian Grey, strongly criticized? More… Discuss

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this day in the yesteryear: First Serving Female British MP Elected (1919)


First Serving Female British MP Elected (1919)

American-born Nancy Witcher Astor, or Viscountess Astor, was the second woman elected to the British Parliament‘s House of Commons and the first to actually serve. She concentrated on women’s issues, temperance, and child welfare and was reelected many times, serving until 1945. Astor attracted a great deal of attention, much of it for her caustic and witty comments. She reportedly once said to Winston Churchill, “If you were my husband, I’d poison your tea!” What was his alleged response? More… Discuss

today’s birthday: Margaret Thatcher (1925)


Margaret Thatcher (1925)

The first female prime minister of Great Britain, Thatcher served longer than any other British prime minister in the 20th century. She is noted for policies that dismantled many aspects of Britain’s postwar welfare state and privatized many state-run industries. Her introduction of a controversial “poll tax” met with widespread public disapproval and contributed, along with internal party disputes over European integration, to her 1990 resignation. Why was she called the “Iron Lady“? More… Discuss

this day in the yesteryear: Neville Chamberlain Becomes Prime Minister of England (1937)


Neville Chamberlain Becomes Prime Minister of England (1937)

Chamberlain served as prime minister of the UK from 1937 to 1940. His political legacy is defined by his controversial policy of “appeasement” toward Adolf Hitler, exemplified by the Munich Pact that allowed Hitler to annex the Sudetenland in 1938. Once Hitler annexed the rest of Czechoslovakia and invaded Poland in 1939, Chamberlain led Britain to war. However, he was forced to resign eight months later, following the failed British campaign in Norway. How much longer did Chamberlain live? More… Discuss

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THIS DAY IN THE YESTERYEAR: MARGARET THATCHER BECOMES PRIME MINISTER OF THE UK (1979)


Margaret Thatcher Becomes Prime Minister of the UK (1979)

Thatcher was Great Britain’s first female prime minister and served longer than any other British prime minister in the 20th century. While in office, she initiated what became known as the “Thatcher Revolution,” a series of social and economic changes that dismantled many aspects of Britain’s postwar welfare state, establishing free-market economic policies and deregulating industries. Before embarking on her political career, she was a research chemist working with what popular dessert food? More… Discuss

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TODAY’S HOLIDAY: Benjamin Disraeli, Earl of Beaconsfield


Primrose Day

Benjamin Disraeli, Earl of Beaconsfield, novelist, and twice prime minister of England, died on this day in 1881. When he was buried in the family vault at Hughenden Manor, near High Wycombe, Queen Victoria came to lay a wreath ofprimroses—thought to be his favorite flower—on his grave. Two years later, the Primrose League was formed to support the principles of Conservatism that Disraeli had championed. The organization’s influence ebbed after World War I, but Primrose Day is remembered in honor of Disraeli and his contribution to the Conservative cause. More… Discuss

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