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Studies have already suggested that babies born prematurely often grow up to be cautious individuals, and now, Finnish scientists have linked that tendency directly to love and sex. By comparing questionnaires from “preemies” now in their twenties with those filled out by peers born at full-term, the researchers found that preemies were 20 percent less likely to have ever lived with a significant other, and 24 percent less likely to be sexually active. Neonatologists, however, maintain that other factors, such as maternal income and education, are the best predictor of children’s future health and welfare. More… Discuss
Fifteen minutes may not seem like a terribly long time, but when left alone with just one’s thoughts for company, it is apparently unbearable, and many would sooner shock themselves than endure it. Nearly half of the participants in a recent study—18 of 42—elected to administer at least one mildly painful electric shock to themselves at some point during a 15-minute period in which they were left alone in an empty room and asked to sit at a table “entertaining themselves with their own thoughts.” Though some have criticized the study’s design, the researchers concluded that, on the whole, people prefer doing something, even something unpleasant, to doing nothing at all. More… Discuss
Dyslexia is a developmental disability that inhibits recognition and processing of graphic symbols, particularly those pertaining to language. The condition is often diagnosed in childhood, as the symptoms—trouble reading, reversing words and letters, writing illegibly—become evident in the classroom. To a dyslexic, d may be seen as b or was as saw. Though dyslexia‘s underlying cause is unknown, it appears to be heritable to some degree. When was it first identified? More… Discuss
|Definition:||(noun) The quality of being honest and straightforward in attitude and speech.|
|Synonyms:||forthrightness, frankness, directness|
|Usage:||While I appreciate candor, sometimes a little white lie is necessary to protect a person’s feelings. Discuss.|
And furthermore acceptance of ideas and actions proclaimed by said speech?
Can any company force you to be associated with ideas and ideologies that are erroneous, by not providing a means to separate and insulate yourself from such ideas?
There is no easy answer to the question of whichgender is better at juggling multiple tasks. In a recent study of multitasking, women outperformed men and seemed to be more organized under pressure. However, evidence on the issue has generally been mixed, with men surpassing women in some studies and vice versa. This may have to do with the nature of the tasks utilized in the individual studies. The bottom line is that juggling multiple tasks slows everyone—both men and women alike—down while increasing the number of errors made. More… Discuss
|Definition:||(adjective) Serving no useful purpose; having no excuse for being.|
|Synonyms:||superfluous, wasted, pointless, senseless|
|Usage:||More than half of his acceptance speech was otiose nonsense, and the rest was just a rehash of his campaign promises.Discuss.|
Naptime for youngsters may be more valuable than we realize. Anyone involved in caring for a young child knows how far a nap can go in combating afternoon crankiness, but even more importantly, daytime sleep can also help kids learn. In a recent study, preschoolers appeared to better remember their lessons when put to sleep for an hour after lunch. Experts have long believed that sleep plays a role in the learning process, though they do not yet fully understand precisely how, and this study suggests that this holds true even in children as young as three. More… Discuss
Researchers say we can combat our fears in our sleep. When an image was linked to an unpleasant stimulus—a mild electric shock—as well as a certain smell and study participants were exposed to that smell while they slept, they exhibited less fear when shown the related image later. Many phobias can be treated by exposure therapy, a form of behavior therapy in which an individual is gradually encouraged to approach a feared object and to successively spend longer periods of time in proximity to it. These findings suggest that this sort of approach could also be applied during sleep. More…
Biological pest control involves the introduction of natural enemies, such as predators, parasites, or pathogens, into the environments of pests. Once a natural enemy is successfully established, it rarely requires additional human action. Examples of effective biocontrol include using ladybugs to prey on aphids and treating turf with the bacterium Bacillus popilliae, which is fatal to Japanese beetle larvae. What pest were dachshunds originally bred to control? More… Discuss
An art film is a motion picture made as a serious artistic work—not primarily for mass appeal. Unlike big-budget, escapist Hollywood blockbusters, art films are often low-budget and experiment with unusual narrative techniques. Traditionally, makers of art films have struggled to get financial backing, but today, major motion picture studios have divisions devoted to non-mainstream fare, which sparks debate over whether such films are truly “independent.” What are some famous art films? More… Discuss
Sealed in a chamber on the grounds of Oglethorpe University in Atlanta, Georgia, is an elaborate time capsule called the Crypt of Civilization. Inspired by the lack of information about ancient civilizations, university President Thornwell Jacobs devised the crypt in 1935 and spent the next five years deciding what to put in it. Likely the world’s first time capsule, it was sealed in 1940 and is slated be reopened in the year 8113. What items were selected to be stored in the crypt? More… Discuss
Researchers at the University of Washington have achieved what is believed to be the first human brain-to-brain communication, with one researcher using his brain to send a signal to the other’s that caused him to involuntarily move his right index finger. This was achieved by having the “sender” imagine moving his right hand while wearing a device that could read his brain signals. These signals were then sent, via the Internet, to a brain-stimulating device worn by the “receiver.” More…Discuss
Malaria kills one child in Africa every minute, but promising results from early-stage clinical trials of a new vaccine are raising hopes that an effective malaria prevention method is on the horizon. When given in high doses, the injection of live, radiation-weakened, malaria-causing parasites was able to prevent infection in 12 out of 15 patients. Further studies are needed to see if even higher doses are more effective and to determine how long the vaccine’s protective effects last. Researchers also face the challenge of developing a more practical delivery method, as the vaccine must currently be given intravenously. Most vaccines are given orally or by intramuscular or subcutaneous injection. More… Discuss
|Definition:||(verb) Lose clarity or turn aside especially from the main subject of attention or course of argument in writing, thinking, or speaking.|
|Synonyms:||divagate, stray, wander|
|Usage:||I try not to digress too much during my lectures, but I am not always successful at avoiding tangential topics. Discuss.|
Many people nowadays are delaying retirement for economic reasons, but new research suggests this could actually be doing wonders for their cognitive health. Medical records from nearly half a million people in France indicate that remaining in the workforce can reduce the risk of developing dementia by 3.2 percent per year. The findings add to a growing body of evidence suggesting that lifestyle factors such as physical activity, social engagement, and mental stimulation—all of which employment tends to provide—have a protective effect on the brain. More…
Yalow was a medical physicist who developed the technique of radioimmunoassay (RIA)—a simple way to measure tiny concentrations of substances such as hormones, enzymes, or drugs in blood or other bodily fluids. She originally applied RIA to study blood insulin levels in diabetes mellitus, but the method soon found hundreds of other applications. For these discoveries, she shared the 1977 Nobel Prize in medicine, becoming only the second woman to win the award in this field. Who was the first?More… Discuss
|Definition:||(noun) Profound scholarly knowledge.|
|Synonyms:||encyclopedism, learning, scholarship|
|Usage:||They, like himself, had been bred in the studious cloisters of a university, and were supposed to possess all the erudition which mankind has hoarded up from age to age. Discuss.|
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In 1996, physics professor Alan Sokal submitted a parody article to the journal Social Text to see if the editors would publish it just because it “sounded good” and “flattered” their views. Though Sokal disregarded their requested edits, they still published his article. In a different journal, he revealed that his piece was a hoax meant to expose the unreliable nature of non-peer reviewed publications and the bias of “the academic Left.” What was the subject of Sokal’s article? More… Discuss
Published on Jun 14, 2013
June 14, 2013—On June 13, aquanaut, oceanographer and marine biologist Sylvia Earle received the Hubbard Medal, the National Geographic Society’s highest honor, for distinction in exploration, discovery and research. In light of recent public discussions about women in the sciences, National Geographic asked Sylvia to discuss her experiences as a woman in a field previously considered a man’s world.
Anderson was the first licensed female physician, as well as the first female mayor, in England. Denied admission by many medical schools, she studied privately with physicians before finally earning a license from the Scottish Society of Apothecaries. Largely as a result of her efforts, British examining boards later opened their examinations to women. Anderson championed the idea of medical care by female doctors for female patients. What was her New Hospital for Women later renamed?More… Discuss
At 11AM on May 22, Norwegian crime writer Hans Olav Lahlum started talking, and he essentially did not stop for the next 30 hours, 1 minute, and 44 seconds. With the help of interviewer Mads Andersen, Lahlum claimed the record for world’s longest interview, though this has yet to be certified by Guinness World Records. The marathon interview, whose topics of discussion ranged from American presidents to world literature, was broadcast live on the Internet. The previous record holders, New Zealand’s Tim Shadbolt and Tom Conroy, are already considering an attempt to retake the record. More… Discuss
Faulds was a Scottish doctor and scientist who pioneered the study of fingerprints as forensic evidence. He first became interested in fingerprints after noticing the imprints left by craftsmen’s fingertips in ancient pottery. Convinced that fingerprints could be a valuable investigative tool, Faulds unsuccessfully tried to convince Scotland Yard to employ his methods. His findings went largely unnoticed during his lifetime. How does Darwin‘s cousin factor into a controversy over Faulds’s work? More… Discuss
Parker was a young girl when Comanches raided Fort Parker—located in what is now Texas—and massacred its inhabitants, capturing her in the process. Raised by her captors, she was adopted into the tribe and went on to bear the last great Comanche chief, Quanah Parker. At first, Quanah led raids on frontier settlements, but after his defeat and surrender, he learned to live alongside his white neighbors and eventually became the richest Native American in the US. What became of his mother? More… Discuss
Published on Nov 6, 2012
The extraordinary life of pioneer Cynthia Ann Parker and her son Quanah, the last chief of the Quahadi Comanche, are shown in a unique exhibit at the Fort Worth Central Library, near Sundance Square in downtown Fort Worth. It is one of the largest ever assembled exhibits depicting the lives of these important historical figures, with 60 images and over 100 historical items, plus a speaker series. Free to the public in the Library’s gallery, from September 20 through December 15, 2012.
For speaker schedule information, see the Library’s website at http://fortworthtexas.gov/library/inf…
Some people may be genetically predisposed tomigraines, and colic may be an indicator of this. Research shows that many children with migraines were colicky babies and that mothers who suffer from migraines themselves are more likely to have babies with colic. Further investigation is needed before it can be conclusively said that these two conditions are linked, but if this is proved to be the case, it could mean that their underlying causes and triggers are related and that strategies for preventing or treating migraines could be helpful in treating colic. More…Discuss
My take on this: “I think that there is more realistic evidence that migraines are a result of politico-economico-social stress, than colics as an infant!
I think that waking up to a nightmarish future, can definitely gives many migraines and I don’t need any study to know that to be true!”
Published on Mar 15, 2012
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Smith was the first African American to obtain a medical degree and operate a pharmacy in the US. Denied admission to American colleges due to racial discrimination, he studied in Scotland, obtaining a series of degrees. After returning to New York, he became the first professionally trained black physician in the country. He wrote forcefully against common misconceptions and false notions about race, science, and medicine and once used statistics to refute what argument about slaves? More… Discuss
“Reality perceived is reality achieved” George-B
Macular degeneration is one of the leading causes of blindness in people over 60, but it may not be for much longer. Preliminary research suggests that cholesterol-lowering eye drops could prevent the disease’s progression and save the sight of those afflicted. In older adults, it appears that macrophages, immune cells that protect the body by ingesting foreign particles and infectious microorganisms, fail to effectively expel cholesterol. In the eye, this can lead to the creation of new blood vessels, causing rapid and pronounced vision loss. Preventing the buildup of lipids in the first place could potentially halt this process.More… Discuss
Soon after finishing high school, Goodall fulfilled her childhood ambition of traveling to Africa, where she assisted British anthropologist Louis Leakey, who suggested she study chimpanzees. In 1960, she established a research camp in what is now Tanzania. For decades, she kept meticulous records of chimpanzees’ movements, interactions, and social organization. Her observations established that chimpanzees have complex social behaviors and disproved what long-standing beliefs? More… Discuss