Tag Archives: Simón Bolívar

today’s holiday: Colombia Battle of Boyacá Day


Colombia Battle of Boyacá Day

Colombia, known as New Granada in the early part of the 19th century, was then ruled by Spain. Simón Bolívar, the leader of the independence movement in South America, began a military campaign to liberate Colombia in 1817. He achieved a major victory at the Battle of Boyacá on August 7, 1819, when he surprised the Spanish forces crossing a bridge and routed them. Colombians celebrate this national holiday with parades and festivals throughout the country. Ceremonies take place at the cemeteries where the fallen soldiers of the battle are buried. More… Discuss

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today’s holiday: Peru Independence Day


Peru Independence Day

Peru had been a colony of Spain for nearly 300 years when Simon Bolívar (1783-1830), along with José San Martín (1778-1850), led the Battle of Ayacucho in 1824 that resulted in the end of Spanish rule of Bolivia and Peru. San Martín had declared independence on July 28, 1821, but Peru’s sovereignty was not secured until Bolívar’s forces defeated the Spanish at Ayacucho. Celebrated all over Peru, Independence Day is a public holiday. More… Discuss

today’s holiday: Venezuela Declaration of Independence Day


Venezuela Declaration of Independence Day

Revolutionary struggle against Spanish rule began in Venezuela in 1810. On July 5, 1811, a group of citizens in Caracas became the first in South America to proclaim a formal declaration of independence from Spain. Forces led by Simón Bolívar assured independence in 1821. April 19 is a separate national holiday, known as Declaration of Independence Day, while July 5 is celebrated as Independence Day. More… Discuss

today’s birthday: Simón Bolívar (1783)


Simón Bolívar (1783)

Bolívar was a South American revolutionary leader whose actions earned him the title of “El Libertador.” He defeated the Spanish in 1819, was made president of Greater Colombia—which comprised modern Colombia, Panama, Venezuela, and Ecuador—and helped liberate Peru and Bolivia. He declared himself dictator in hopes of unifying the region but was less successful at ruling countries than at liberating them, and he resigned in 1830, dying shortly thereafter. Why was Bolívar’s body exhumed in 2010? More… Discuss

TODAY’S BIRTHDAY: MANUELA SÁENZ (1797)


Manuela Sáenz (1797)

Until recently, Sáenz’s contributions to the South American independence movement were largely overlooked. For eight years, she dedicated herself to the cause—and to her lover, revolutionary leader Simón Bolívar, whom she once saved from an assassination attempt. For that, he nicknamed her Libertadora del Libertador, or Liberator of the Liberator. Bolívar’s death in 1830 left Sáenz vulnerable to his opponents, and she was exiled and left destitute. What honor was she accorded in 2010? More…Discuss