Tag Archives: Sukarno

today’s birthday: Sukarno (1901)


Sukarno (1901)

Sukarno helped Indonesia win independence from the Netherlands and served as the country’s first president. He attempted to consolidate his multi-island nation and establish a “guided democracy,” with a cabinet representing all political parties. Regional and factional problems, however, led him to dissolve the assembly and assume full dictatorial powers. He proclaimed himself president for life in 1963, but an attempted Communist coup late in 1965 triggered a military takeover by whom? More… Discuss

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TODAY’S HOLIDAY: KARTINI DAY


Kartini Day

Kartini Day is an Indonesian holiday commemorating the birth in 1879 of Raden Ajeng Kartini, one of the country’s national heroes and a pioneer in the emancipation of Indonesian women. After marrying in 1903, she began a fight for the right of women to be educated and against the unwritten but all-pervading Javanese law, Adat. Throughout Indonesia on this day, women wear their national dress to symbolize their unity, and the nation enjoys parades, lectures, and various school activities. More… Discuss

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