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Today In History. What Happened This Day In History


Today In History. What Happened This Day In History

A chronological timetable of historical events that occurred on this day in history. Historical facts of the day in the areas of military, politics, science, music, sports, arts, entertainment and more. Discover what happened today in history.

Today in History
October 5

1762   The British fleet bombards and captures Spanish-held Manila in the Philippines.
1795   The day after he routed counterrevolutionaries in Paris, Napoleon Bonaparte accepts their formal surrender.
1813   U.S. victory at the Battle of the Thames, in Ontario, broke Britain’s Indian allies with the death of Shawnee Chief Tecumseh, and made the Detroit frontier safe.
1821   Greek rebels capture Tripolitza, the main Turkish fort in the Peloponnese area of Greece.
1864   At the Battle of Allatoona, a small Union post is saved from Lt. Gen. John Bell Hood’s army.
1877   Nez Perce Chief Joseph surrenders to Colonel Nelson Miles in Montana Territory, after a 1,700-mile trek to reach Canada falls 40 miles short.
1880   The first ball-point pen is patented on this day by Alonzo T. Cross.
1882   Outlaw Frank James surrenders in Missouri six months after brother Jesse’s assassination.
1915   Germany issues an apology and promises for payment for the 128 American passengers killed in the sinking of the British ship Lusitania.
1915   Bulgaria enters World War I on the side of the Central Powers.
1921   The World Series is broadcast on radio for the first time.
1931   Clyde Pangborn and Hugh Herndon complete the first heavier than air nonstop flight over the Pacific. Their flight, begun October 3, lasted 41 hours, 31 minutes and covered 5,000 miles. They piloted their Bellanca CH-200 monoplane from Samushiro, 300 miles north of Tokyo, Japan, to Wenatchee, Washington.
1938   Germany invalidates Jews’ passports.
1943   Imperial Japanese forces execute 98 American POWs on Wake Island.
1947   US President Harry S Truman delivers the first televised White House address.
1948   A magnitude 7.3 earthquake near Ashgabat in the USSR kills tens of thousands; estimates range from 110,000 to 176,000.
1962   The first James Bond film, Dr. No starring Sean Connery, debuts.
1965   U.S. forces in Saigon receive permission to use tear gas.
1966   A sodium cooling system malfunction causes a partial core meltdown at the Enrico Fermi demonstration breeder reactor near Detroit. Radiation is contained.
1968   Police attack civil rights demonstrators in Derry, Northern Ireland; the event is considered to be the beginning of “The Troubles.”
1969   Monty Python’s Flying Circus debuts on BBC One.
1970   The US Public Broadcasting Service (PBS) is established.
1970   Members of the Quebec Liberation Front (QLF) kidnap British Trade Commissioner James Cross in Montreal, resulting in the October Crisis and Canada’s first peacetime use of the War Measures Act.
1986   Britain’s The Sunday Times newspaper publishes details of Israel’s secret nuclear weapons development program.
1988   Brazil’s Constituent Assembly authorizes the nation’s new constitution.
2000   Slobodan Milosevic, president of the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia, resigns in the wake of mass protest demonstrations.
Born on October 5
1830   Chester A. Arthur, 21st president of the United States (1881-1885).
1882   Robert Goddard, American rocket scientist, held more than 200 rocketry patents.
1902   Ray Croc, founder of the McDonald’s hamburger franchise in 1955.
1911   Flann O’Brien, Irish novelist and playwright (The Hard Life, The Third Policeman).
1936   Václav Havel, Czech dissident dramatist who became the first freely elected president of Czechoslovakia in 55 years.
1937   Barry Switzer, longtime coach of the University of Oklahoma, later coach of the Dallas Cowboys; one of only two head coaches to win both an NCAA college football championship and a Super Bowl.
1943   Steve Miller, singer, songwriter, guitarist; lead singer of Steve Miller Band.
1952   Clive Barker, author, director (Hellraiser, Candyman).
1957   Bernie Mac, comedian, actor; member of the Original Kings of Comedy.
1959   Maya Lin, American architect who designed the Vietnam Memorial in Washington, D.C.
1963   Laura Davies, England’s top professional female golfer.
1965   Mario Lemieux, hockey player, led Pittsburgh Penguins to consecutive Stanley Cups (1991-92).
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Today In History. What Happened This Day In History


clock_fall_back_animatedToday In History. What Happened This Day In History

Today in History June 3

A chronological timetable of historical events that occurred on this day in history. Historical facts of the day in the areas of military, politics, science, music, sports, arts, entertainment and more. Discover what happened today in history.

1098   Christian Crusaders of the First Crusade seize Antioch, Turkey.
1539   Hernando De Soto claims Florida for Spain.
1861   Union troops defeat Confederate forces at Philippi, in western Virginia
1864   Some 7,000 Union troops are killed within 30 minutes during the Battle of Cold Harbor in Virginia.
1888   The classic baseball poem “Casey at the Bat,” written by Ernest L. Thayer, is published in the San Francisco Examiner.
1918   The Finnish Parliament ratifies a treaty with Germany.
1923   In Italy, dictator Benito Mussolini grants women the right to vote.
1928   Manchurian warlord Chian Tso-Lin dies as a result of a bomb blast set off by the Japanese.
1938   The German Third Reich votes to confiscate so-called “degenerate art.”
1940   The German Luftwaffe hits Paris with 1,100 bombs.
1942   Japanese carrier-based planes strafe Dutch Harbor in the Aleutian Islands as a diversion of the attack on Midway Island.
1952   A rebellion by North Korean prisoners in the Koje prison camp in South Korea is put down by American troops.
1965   Astronaut Edward White becomes the first American to walk in space when he exits the Gemini 4 space capsule.
1969   74 American sailors died when the destroyer USS Frank E. Evans was cut in two by an Australian aircraft carrier in the South China Sea.
1974   Charles Colson, an aide to President Richard Nixon, pleads guilty to obstruction of justice.
1989   The Chinese government begins its crackdown on pro-democracy activists in Beijing’s Tiananmen Square. Hundreds are killed and thousands are arrested.
Born on June 3
1726   James Hutton, Scottish scientist, pioneer in the field of geology.
1804   Richard Cobden, English economist and politician.
1808   Jefferson Davis, President of Confederate States of America.
1904   Charles R. Drew, American physician, researcher of blood plasma.
1906   Josephine Baker, dancer and singer.
1922   Alain Resnais, French film director.
1926   Allen Ginsberg, American poet (Howl).
1936   Larry McMurtry, novelist (The Last Picture Show, Terms of Endearment).

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Today In History. What Happened This Day In History


SOMEWHERE IN TIME

SOMEWHERE IN TIME

Today In History. What Happened This Day In History

A chronological timetable of historical events that occurred on this day in history. Historical facts of the day in the areas of military, politics, science, music, sports, arts, entertainment and more. Discover what happened today in history.

April 28

357   Constantius II visits Rome for the first time.
1282   Villagers in Palermo lead a revolt against French rule in Sicily.
1635   Virginia Governor John Harvey is accused of treason and removed from office.
1760   French forces besieging Quebec defeat the British in the second battle on the Plains of Abraham.
1788   Maryland becomes the seventh state to ratify the constitution.
1789   The crew of the HMS Bounty mutinies against Captain William Bligh.
1818   President James Monroe proclaims naval disarmament on the Great Lakes and Lake Champlain.
1856   Yokut Indians repel an attack on their land by 100 would-be Indian fighters in California.
1902   Revolution breaks out in the Dominican Republic.
1910   The first night air flight is performed by Claude Grahame-White in England.
1916   British declare martial law throughout Ireland.
1919   Les Irvin makes the first jump with an Army Air Corps parachute.
1920   Azerbaijan joins the Soviet Union.
1930   The first organized night baseball game is played in Independence, Kansas.
1932   A yellow fever vaccine for humans is announced.
1945   Benito Mussolini is killed by Italian partisans.
1946   The Allies indict Tojo on 55 counts of war crimes
1947   Norwegian anthropologist Thor Heyerdahl and five others set out in a balsa wood craft known as Kon Tiki to prove that Peruvian Indians could have settled in Polynesia.
1953   French troops evacuate northern Laos.
1965   The U.S. Army and Marines invade the Dominican Republic.
1967   Muhammad Ali refuses induction into the U.S. Army and is stripped of boxing title.
1969   Charles de Gaulle resigns as president of France.
Born on April 28
1442   Edward IV, king of England (1461-1470, 1471-1483), first king of the House of York.
1758   James Monroe, fifth President of the United States (1817-1825).
1878   Lionel Barrymore, American stage, screen and radio actor.
1892   John Jacob Niles, American folk singer and folklorist.
1898   William Soutar, Scottish poet.
1902   Johan Borgen, Norwegian novelist.
1912   Odette Hallowes, British secret agent.
1926   Harper Lee, Pulitzer Prize-winning novelist (To Kill a Mockingbird).
1930   James Baker III, Cabinet secretary for Presidents Reagan and Bush.
1936   Kenneth White, poet and essayist.
1937   Saddam Hussein, President of Iraq.
1937   Jean Redpath, Scottish folk singer.

Today In History. What Happened This Day In History


 

Today In History. What Happened This Day In History

A chronological timetable of historical events that occurred on this day in history. Historical facts of the day in the areas of military, politics, science, music, sports, arts, entertainment and more. Discover what happened today in history.

April 25

1590   The Sultan of Morocco launches a successful attack to capture Timbuktu.
1644   The Ming Chongzhen emperor commits suicide by hanging himself.
1707   At the Battle of Almansa, Franco-Spanish forces defeat the Anglo-Portugese forces.
1719   Daniel Defoe’s novel Robinson Crusoe is published in London.
1792   The guillotine is first used to execute highwayman Nicolas J. Pelletier.
1859   Work begins on the Suez Canal in Egypt.
1862   Admiral Farragut occupies New Orleans, Louisiana.
1864   After facing defeat in the Red River Campaign, Union General Nathaniel Bank returns to Alexandria, Louisiana.
1867   Tokyo is opened for foreign trade.
1882   French commander Henri Riviere seizes the citadel of Hanoi in Indochina.
1898   The United States declares war on Spain.
1915   Australian and New Zealand troops land at Gallipoli in Turkey.
1925   General Paul von Hindenburg takes office as president of Germany.
1926   In Iran, Reza Kahn is crowned Shah and chooses the name “Pehlevi.”
1926   Puccini’s opera Turandot premiers at La Scala in Milan with Arturo Toscanini conducting.
1938   A seeing eye dog is used for the first time.
1945   U.S. and Soviet forces meet at Torgau, Germany on Elbe River.
1951   After a three day fight against Chinese Communist Forces, the Gloucestershire Regiment is annihilated on “Gloucester Hill,” in Korea.
1953   The magazine Nature publishes an article by biologists Francis Crick and James Watson, describing the “double helix” of DNA.
1956   Elvis Presley’s “Heartbreak Hotel” goes to number one on the charts.
1959   The St. Lawrence Seaway–linking the Atlantic Ocean to the Great Lakes–opens to shipping.
1960   The first submerged circumnavigation of the Earth is completed by a Triton submarine.
1962   A U.S. Ranger spacecraft crash lands on the Moon.
1971   The country of Bangladesh is established.
1980   President Jimmy Carter tells the American people about the hostage rescue disaster in Iran.
1982   In accordance with the Camp David agreements, Israel completes a withdrawal from the Sinai peninsula.
1990   Violeta Barrios de Chamorro begins a six year term as Nicaragua’s president.
Born on April 25
1214   Louis IX, king of France (1226-1270).
1284   Edward II, king of England (1307-1327).
1599   Oliver Cromwell, lord protector of England (1653-1658).
1873   Howard R. Garis, children’s writer.
1873   Walther de la Mare, poet and novelist (Memoir of a Midget, Come Hither).
1874   Guglielmo Marconi, Italian physicist, inventor of the radio.
1892   Maud Hart Lovelace, children’s author.
1908   Edward R. Murrow, war correspondent and newscaster.
1912   Gladys L. Presley, mother of Elvis Presley.
1914   Ross Lockridge, Jr., novelist (Raintree Country).
1917   Ella Fitzgerald, American singer.

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Today In History. What Happened This Day In History


Today In History. What Happened This Day In History

A chronological timetable of historical events that occurred on this day in history. Historical facts of the day in the areas of military, politics, science, music, sports, arts, entertainment and more. Discover what happened today in history.

April 15

1755   English lexicographer Dr. Samuel Johnson publishes his Dictionary of the English Language.
1784   The first balloon is flown in Ireland.
1813   U.S. troops under James Wilkinson siege the Spanish-held city of Mobile in future state of Alabama.
1858   At the Battle of Azimghur, the Mexicans defeat Spanish loyalists.
1871   ‘Wild Bill’ Hickok becomes the marshal of Abilene, Kansas.
1861   President Lincoln mobilizes Federal army.
1865   Abraham Lincoln dies from John Wilkes Booth’s assassination bullet.
1912   With her band playing on the deck, the ocean liner Titanic sinks at 2:27 a.m. in the North Atlantic.
1917   British forces defeat the Germans at the battle of Arras.
1919   British troops kill 400 Indians at Amritsar, India.
1923   Insulin becomes generally available for people suffering with diabetes.
1923   The first sound films shown to a paying audience are exhibited at the Rialto Theater in New York City.
1940   French and British troops land at Narvik, Norway.
1945   President Franklin D. Roosevelt is buried on the grounds of his Hyde Park home.
1948   Arab forces are defeated in battle with Israeli forces.
1952   President Harry Truman signs the official Japanese peace treaty.
1955   Ray Kroc starts the McDonald’s chain of fast food restaurants.
1959   Cuban leader Fidel Castro begins a U.S. goodwill tour.
1960   The Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee (SNCC) organizes at Shaw University.
1971   North Vietnamese troops ambush a company of Delta Raiders from the 101st Airborne Division near Fire Support Base Bastogne in Vietnam. The American troops were on a rescue mission.
1986   U.S. warplanes attack Libya.
Born on April 15
1452   Leonardo da Vinci, Italian painter, sculptor, scientist and visionary
1684   Catherine I, empress of Russia
1741   Charles Wilson Peale, portrait painter and inventor
1800   Sir James Clark Ross, Scottish explorer who located the Magnetic North Pole.
1832   Wilhelm Busch, German painter and poet, created the precursor to the comic strip.
1843   Henry James, writer and critic.
1874   George Harrison Shull, American botanist, developer of hybrid corn.
1874   Johannes Stark, Novel Prize-winning German physicist.
1880   Max Wertheimer, Czech-born psychologist.
1889   Thomas Hart Benton, painter, muralist.
1889   Asa Phillip Randolph, American labor leader and Civil Rights advocate.
1898   Bessie Smith, American blues singer.
1904   Arshile Gorky, abstract painter.
1922   Harold Washington, first black mayor of Chicago
1922   Neville Mariner, conductor.
1932   Eva Figes, British novelist.
1940   Jeffrey Archer, English novelist and politician (Kane and Abel, Honor Among Thieves).

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Today In History. What Happened This Day In History


Today In History. What Happened This Day In History

A chronological timetable of historical events that occurred on this day in history. Historical facts of the day in the areas of military, politics, science, music, sports, arts, entertainment and more. Discover what happened today in history.

April 14

1471   The Earl of Warwick, who fought on both sides in the War of the Roses, is killed at the Battle of Barnet with the defeat of the Lancastrians.
1543   Bartoleme Ferrelo returns to Spain after discovering a large bay in the New World (San Francisco).
1775   The first abolitionist society in United States is organized in Philadelphia.
1793   A royalist rebellion in Santo Domingo is crushed by French republican troops.
1828   The first edition of Noah Webster’s dictionary is published.
1860   The first Pony Express rider arrives in San Francisco with mail originating in St. Joseph, Missouri.
1865   President Abraham Lincoln is assassinated in Ford’s Theater by John Wilkes Booth.
1894   Thomas Edison’s kinetoscope is shown to the public for the first time.
1900   The World Exposition opens in Paris.
1912   The passenger liner Titanic–deemed unsinkable–strikes an iceberg on her maiden voyage and begins to sink. The ship will go under the next day with a loss of 1,500 lives.
1931   King Alfonso XIII of Spain is overthrown.
1945   American B-29 bombers’s damage the Imperial Palace during firebombing raid over Tokyo.
1953   The Viet Minh invade Laos with 40,00 troops in their war against French colonial forces.
1959   The Taft Memorial Bell Tower is dedicated in Washington, D.C.
1961   The first live broadcast is televised from the Soviet Union.
1969   The first major league baseball game is played in Montreal, Canada.
1981   America’s first space shuttle, Columbia, returns to Earth.
Born on April 14
1578   Philip III, king of Spain and Portugal (1598-1621).
1629   Christian Huygens, Dutch astronomer.
1866   Anne Mansfield Sullivan, teacher who educated Helen Keller.
1889   Arnold Toynbee, English historian.
1898   Harold Black, electrical engineer.
1904   Sir John Gielgud, British actor.

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Today In History. What Happened This Day In History


Today In History. What Happened This Day In History

SOMEWHERE IN TIME

SOMEWHERE IN TIME

A chronological timetable of historical events that occurred on this day in history. Historical facts of the day in the areas of military, politics, science, music, sports, arts, entertainment and more. Discover what happened today in history.

April 11

1512   The forces of the Holy League are heavily defeated by the French at the Battle of Ravenna.
1713   The Treaty of Utrecht is signed, ending the War of Spanish Succession. France cedes Maritime provinces to Britain.
1783   After receiving a copy of the provisional treaty on 13 March, Congress proclaims a formal end to hostilities with Great Britain.
1814   Napoleon abdicates and is exiled to Elba.
1898   American President William McKinley asks Congress for declaration of war with Spain.
1941   Germany bombers blitz Conventry, England.
1942   Detachment 101 of the OSS–a guerrilla force–is activated in Burma.
1945   After two frustrating days of being repulsed and absorbing tremendous casualties, the Red Army finally takes the Seelow Heights north of Berlin.
1951   President Truman fires General Douglas MacArthur as head of United Nations forces in Korea.
1961   Israel begins the trial of Adolf Eichman, accused of war crimes during WWII.
1961   Folk singer Bob Dylan performs in New York City for the first time, opening for John Lee Hooker.
1968   President Johnson signs the 1968 Civil Rights Act.
1974   The Judiciary committee subpoenas President Richard Nixon to produce tapes for impeachment inquiry.
1981   President Ronald Reagan returns to the White House from hospital after recovery from an assassination attempt.
1986   Dodge Morgan sails solo nonstop around the world in 150 days.
1991   The U.N. Security Council issues formal cease fire with Iraq.
1996   Forty-three African nations sign the African Nuclear Weapons Free Zone Treaty.
Born on April 11
1370   Frederick I, elector of Saxony.
1722   Christopher Smart, English poet.
1755   James Parkinson, English physician.
1770   George Canning, British prime minister (1827).
1794   Edward Everett, governor of Massachusetts, statesman and orator.
1862   Charles Evans Hughs, 11th Chief Justice of the U.S. Supreme Court.
1893   Dean G. Acheson, U.S. secretary of state (1949-53) who helped create NATO.
1901   Glenway Wescott, writer.
1925   Ethel Kennedy, wife of Senator Robert F. Kennedy.
1932   Joel Grey (Joe Katz), actor.
1941   Ellen Goodman, Pultizer Prize-winning columnist.
1950   Bill Irwin, actor and choreographer.

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Today In History. What Happened This Day In History


Today In History. What Happened

SOMEWHERE IN TIME

SOMEWHERE IN TIME

This Day In History

A chronological timetable of historical events that occurred on this day in history. Historical facts of the day in the areas of military, politics, science, music, sports, arts, entertainment and more. Discover what happened today in history.

April 10

1790   The U.S. patent system is established.
1809   Austria declares war on France and her forces enter Bavaria.
1862   Union forces begin the bombardment of Fort Pulaski in Georgia along the Tybee River.
1865   At Appomattox Court, Va, General Robert E. Lee issues his last orders to the Army of Northern Virginia.
1866   The American Society for Prevention of Cruelty to Animals (ASPCA) is formed.
1902   South African Boers accept British terms of surrender.
1912   The Titanic begins her maiden voyage which will end in disaster.
1925   F. Scott Fitzgerald publishes The Great Gatsby.
1930   The first synthetic rubber is produced.
1932   Paul von Hindenburg is elected president in Germany.
1938   Germany annexes Austria.
1941   U.S. troops occupy Greenland to prevent Nazi infiltration.
1945   In their second attempt to take the Seelow Heights, near Berlin, the Red Army launches numerous attacks against the defending Germans. The Soviets gain one mile at the cost of 3,000 men killed and 368 tanks destroyed.
1945   Allied troops liberate the Nazi concentration camp of Buchenwald north of Weiner, Germany.
1947   Jackie Robinson becomes the first black to play major league baseball as he takes the field for the Brooklyn Dodgers.
1971   The American table tennis team arrives in China.
1974   Yitzhak Rabin replaces resigning Israeli Prime Minister, Golda Meir.
1981   Imprisoned Irish Republican Army hunger striker Bobby Sands is elected to the British Parliament.
Born on April 10
1583   Hugo Grotius, Dutch statesman and scholar.
1794   Matthew C. Perry, American naval officer, opened Japan to trade with the west.
1827   Lew Wallace, Civil War general, lawyer, diplomat and author of Ben Hur.
1867   A.E. (George William Russell), Irish poet and mystic.
1880   Frances Perkins, U.S. labor secretary, first female cabinet member.
1903   Clare Boothe Luce, reporter, U.S. ambassador to the Vatican.
1917   Robert B. Woodward, synthetic chemist.
1934   David Halberstam, New York Times correspondent, author, Pulitzer Prize winner in 1964.
1932   Omar Sharif (Michael Shalhoub), actor (Dr. Zhivago).
1941   Paul Theroux, author (The Great Railway Bazaar).

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Today In History. What Happened This Day In History


Today In History. What Happened This Day In History

A chronological timetable of historical events that occurred on this day in history. Historical facts of the day in the areas of military, politics, science, music, sports, arts, entertainment and more. Discover what happened today in history.

April 8

1789   The U.S. House of Representatives holds its first meeting.
1832   Some 300 American troops of the 6th Infantry leave Jefferson Barracks, St. Louis, to confront the Sauk Indians in what would become known as the Black Hawk War.
1864   In the Battle of Mansfield, Louisiana, Federals are routed by Confederate Gen. Richard Taylor.
1865   General Robert E. Lee’s retreat is cut off near Appomattox Court House.
1898   British General Horatio Kitchner defeats the Khalifa, leader of the dervishes in Sudan, at the Battle of Atbara.
1913   The 17th Amendment is ratified, requiring direct election of senators.
1935   The Works Progress Administration (WPA) is approved by Congress.
1939   Italy invades Albania.
1942   The Soviets open a rail link to the besieged city of Leningrad.
1952   President Truman orders the seizure of U.S. steel mills to prevent a strike.
1962   Bay of Pigs invaders get thirty years imprisonment in Cuba.
1974   Hank Aaron hits his 715th home run, breaking Babe Ruth’s record.
1975   Frank Robinson of the Cleveland Indians becomes first black manager of a major league baseball team.
Born on April 8
563 BC   Gautama Buddha, founder of Buddhism.
1605   Philip IV, king of Spain and Portugal (1621-65).
1726   Lewis Morris, signer of the Declaration of Independence.
1893   Mary Pickford (Gladys Smith), early film actress.
1893   Edgar “Yip” Harburg, lyricist (“Brother, Can You Spare a Dime?,” “Over the Rainbow”).
1920   Carmen McRae, jazz vocalist and pianist.
1921   Betty Bloomer Ford, first lady to President Gerald Ford.
1955   Barbara Kingsolver, novelist (The Bean Trees, Animal Dreams).

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Today In History. What Happened This Day In History


Today In History. What Happened This Day In History

A chronological timetable of historical events that occurred on this day in history. Historical facts of the day in the areas of military, politics, science, music, sports, arts, entertainment and more. Discover what happened today in history.

April 2

1792   The United States authorizes the minting of the $10 Eagle, $5 half-Eagle & 2.50 quarter-Eagle gold coins as well as the silver dollar, dollar, quarter, dime & half-dime.
1796   Haitian revolt leader Toussaint L’Ouverture takes command of French forces at Santo Domingo.
1801   The British navy defeats the Danish at the Battle of Copenhagen.
1865   Confederate President Jefferson Davis flees Richmond, Virginia as Grant breaks Lee’s line at Petersburg.
1910   Karl Harris perfects the process for the artificial synthesis of rubber.
1914   The U.S. Federal Reserve Board announces plans to divide the country into 12 districts.
1917   President Woodrow Wilson presents a declaration of war against Germany to Congress.
1917   Jeannette Pickering Rankin is sworn in as the first woman to serve in the U.S. House of Representatives.
1931   Virne “Jackie” Mitchell becomes the first woman to play for an all-male pro baseball team. In an exhibition game against the New York Yankees, she strikes out both Babe Ruth and Lou Gehrig.
1932   Charles Lindbergh pays over $50,000 ransom for his kidnapped son.
1944   Soviet forces enter Romania, one of Germany’s allied countries.
1958   The National Advisory Council on Aeronautics is renamed NASA.
1963   Reverend Dr. Martin Luther King begins the first non-violent campaign in Birmingham, Alabama.
1982   Argentina invades the British-owned Falkland Islands.
Born on April 2
742   Charlemagne, first Holy Roman Emperor.
1725   Giovanni Casanova, Italian adventurer.
1805   Hans Christian Andersen, Danish author of fairy tales.
1834   Frederic-Auguste Bartholdi, sculptor.
1840   Emile Zola, French novelist and activist.
1875   Walter P. Chrysler, founder of Chrysler Automobile Company.
1891   Max Ernst, German painter, sculptor and founder of surrealism.
1905   Kurt Adler, American conductor.
1905   Serge Lifar, dancer and opera director.
1914   Alec Guinness, British actor.
1948   Emmylou Harris, American singer.

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Today In History. What Happened This Day In History


Today In History. What Happened This Day In History

A chronological timetable of historical events that occurred on this day in history. Historical facts of the day in the areas of military, politics, science, music, sports, arts, entertainment and more. Discover what happened today in history.

Today in History
March 28

1774   Britain passes the Coercive Act against rebellious Massachusetts.
1854   Britain and France declare war on Russia.
1864   A group of Copperheads attack Federal soldiers in Charleston, Illinois. Five are killed and twenty wounded.
1885   The Salvation Army is officially organized in the United States.
1908   Automobile owners lobby Congress in support of a bill that calls for vehicle licensing and federal registration.
1910   The first seaplane takes off from water at Martinques, France.
1917   The Women’s Army Auxiliary Corps (WAAC) is founded, Great Britain’s first official service women.
1921   President Warren Harding names William Howard Taft as chief justice of the United States.
1930   Constantinople and Angora change their names to Istanbul and Ankara respectively.
1933   Nazis order a ban on all Jews in businesses, professions and schools.
1939   The Spanish Civil War ends as Madrid falls to Francisco Franco.
1941   The Italian fleet is routed by the British at the Battle of Battle of Cape Matapan
1941   English novelist Virginia Woolf throws herself into the River Ouse near her home in Sussex. Her body is never found.
1942   A British ship, the HMS Capbeltown, a Lend-Lease American destroyer, which was specifically rammed into a German occupied dry-dock in France, explodes, knocking the area out of action for the German battleship Tirpitz.
1945   Germany launches the last of its V-2 rockets against England.
1946   Juan Peron is elected President of Argentina. He will hold the office for six years.
1962   The U.S. Air Force announces research into the use of lasers to intercept missiles and satellites.
1969   Dwight D. Eisenhower dies at Walter Reed General Hospital in Washington, D.C.
1979   A major accident occurs at Pennsylvania’s Three Mile Island nuclear power plant
1986   The U.S. Senate passes $100 million aid package for the Nicaraguan contras.
1990   Jesse Owens receives the Congressional Gold Medal from President George Bush.
1999   An American Stealth F117 Nighthawk is shot down over northern Yugoslavia during NATO air strikes.
Born on March 28
1652   Samuel Sewall, British colonial merchant and one of the Salem witch trial judges.
1818   Wade Hampton, Confederate general in the American Civil War.
1862   Aristide Briand, premier of France (1909-22).
1868   Maxim Gorky, Russian short story writer and novelist.
1895   James McCudden, the first RAF pilot to receive the Victoria Cross.
1909   Nelson Algren, novelist (The Man with the Golden Arm, A Walk on the Wild Side).
1929   Frederick Exley, American novelist (A Fan’s Notes).
1930   Jerome Isaac Friedman, American physicist, helped confirm the existence of quarks.
1936   Mario Vargas Llosa, Peruvian novelist (Aunt Julia and the Scriptwriter, Death in the Andes).

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Today In History. What Happened This Day In History


Today In History. What Happened This Day In History

A chronological timetable of historical events that occurred on this day in history. Historical facts of the day in the areas of military, politics, science, music, sports, arts, entertainment and more. Discover what happened today in history.

Today in History
March 23

1657   France and England form an alliance against Spain.
1743   Handel’s Messiah is performed for the first time in London.
1775   American revolutionary hero Patrick Henry, while addressing the House of Burgesses, declares “give me liberty, or give me death!”
1791   Etta Palm, a Dutch champion of woman’s rights, sets up a group of women’s clubs called the Confederation of the Friends of Truth.
1848   Hungary proclaims its independence of Austria.
1857   Elisha Otis installs the first modern passenger elevator in a public building, at the corner of Broome Street and Broadway in New York City.
1858   Eleazer A. Gardner of Philadelphia patents the cable street car, which runs on overhead cables.
1862   Confederate General Thomas “Stonewall” Jackson faces his only defeat at the Battle of Kernstown, Va
1880   John Stevens of Neenah, Wis., patents the grain crushing mill. This mill allows flour production to increase by 70 percent.
1901   A group of U.S. Army soldier led by Brig. Gen. Frederick Funston capture Emilio Aguinaldo, the leader of the Philippine Insurrection of 1899.
1903   The Wright brothers obtain an airplane patent.
1909   British Lt. Ernest Shackleton finds the magnetic South Pole.
1909   Theodore Roosevelt begins an African safari sponsored by the Smithsonian Institution and National Geographic Society.
1917   Austrian Emperor Charles I makes a peace proposal to French President Poincare.
1920   Great Britain denounces the United States because of its delay in joining the League of Nations.
1921   Arthur G. Hamilton sets a new parachute record, safely jumping 24,400 feet.
1927   Captain Hawthorne Gray sets a new balloon record soaring to 28,510 feet.
1933   The Reichstag gives Adolf Hitler the power to rule by decree.
1942   The Japanese occupy the Anadaman Islands in the Indian Ocean.
1951   U.S. paratroopers descend from flying boxcars in a surprise attack in Korea.
1956   Pakistan becomes the first Islamic republic, although it is still within the British Commonwealth.
1967   Reverend Martin Luther King Jr. calls the Vietnam War the biggest obstacle to the civil rights movement.
1970   Mafia boss Carlo Gambino is arrested for plotting to steal $3 million.
1972   The United States calls a halt to the peace talks on Vietnam being held in Paris.
1981   U.S. Supreme Court upholds a law making statutory rape a crime for men but not women.
Born on March 23
1900   Erich Fromm, German psychologist (The Sane Society).
1907   Daniele Bovet, Swiss-born Italian pharmacologist.
1908   Joan Crawford, American actress.
1910   Akira Kurosawa, film director (Rashomon, The Seven Samurai).
1912   Werner von Braun, German-born rocket pioneer.
1929   Sir Roger Bannister, the first man to run the mile in less than four minutes.

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Today In History. What Happened This Day In History


Today In History. What Happened This Day In History

A chronological timetable of historical events that occurred on this day in history. Historical facts of the day in the areas of military, politics, science, music, sports, arts, entertainment and more. Discover what happened today in history.

Today in History
March 21

630   Heraclius restores the True Cross, which he has recaptured from the Persians.
1556   Thomas Cranmer, the Archbishop of Canterbury, is burned at the stake at Oxford after retracting the last of seven recantations that same day.
1617   Pocahontas (Rebecca Rolfe) dies of either small pox or pneumonia while in England with her husband, John Rolfe.
1788   Almost the entire city of New Orleans, Louisiana, is destroyed by fire.
1806   Lewis and Clark begin their trip home after an 8,000 mile trek of the Mississippi basin and the Pacific Coast.
1865   The Battle of Bentonville, N.C. ends, marking the last Confederate attempt to stop Union General William Sherman.
1851   Emperor Tu Duc orders that Christian priests are to put to death.
1858   British forces in India lift the siege of Lucknow, ending the Indian Mutiny.
1906   Ohio passes a law that prohibits hazing by fraternities.
1908   Frenchman Henri Farman carries a passenger in a bi-plane for the first time.
1910   The U.S. Senate grants ex-President Teddy Roosevelt an annual pension of $10,000.
1918   The Germans launch the ‘Michael’ offensive, better remembered as the First Battle of the Somme.
1928   President Calvin Coolidge presents the Congressional Medal of Honor to Charles Lindbergh, a captain in the US Army Air Corps Reserve, for making the first solo trans-Atlantic flight. On June 11, 1927, Lindbergh had received the first Distinguished Flying Cross ever awarded.
1939   Singer Kate Smith records “God Bless America” for Victor Records.
1941   The last Italian post in East Libya, North Africa, falls to the British.
1951   Secretary of Defense George C. Marshall reports that the U.S. military has doubled to 2.9 million since the start of the Korean War.
1963   Alcatraz Island, the federal penitentiary in San Francisco Bay, California, closes.
1965   The United States launches Ranger 9, last in a series of unmanned lunar explorations.
1971   Two U.S. platoons in Vietnam refuse their orders to advance.
1975   As North Vietnamese forces advance, Hue and other northern towns in South Vietnam are evacuated.
1980   President Jimmy Carter announces to the U.S. Olympic Team that they will not participate in the 1980 Summer Games in Moscow as a boycott against Soviet intervention in Afghanistan.
1984   A Soviet submarine crashes into the USS Kitty Hawk off the coast of Japan.
Born on March 21
1685   Johann Sebastian Bach, German composer.
1806   Benito Juarez, President of Mexico.
1869   Albert Kahn, architect who originated modern factory design.
1869   Florenz Ziegfeld, producer, creator of Ziegfeld Follies.
1885   Raoul Lufbery, French-born American fighter pilot of World War I.

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Today In History. What Happened This Day In History


Today In History. What Happened This Day In History

A chronological timetable of historical events that occurred on this day in history. Historical facts of the day in the areas of military, politics, science, music, sports, arts, entertainment and more. Discover what happened today in history.

Today in History
March 20

1413   Henry IV of England is succeed by his son Henry V.
1739   In India, Nadir Shah of Persia occupies Delhi and takes possession of the Peacock throne.
1760   The Great Fire of Boston destroys 349 buildings.
1792   In Paris, the Legislative Assembly approves the use of the guillotine.
1815   Napoleon Bonaparte enters Paris and begins his 100-day rule.
1841   Edgar Allen Poe’s The Murders in the Rue Morgue, considered the first detective story, is published.
1852   Harriet Beecher Stowe’s Uncle Tom’s Cabin is published.
1906   Army officers in Russia mutiny at Sevastopol.
1915   The French call off the Champagne offensive on the Western Front.
1918   The Bolsheviks of the Soviet Union ask for American aid to rebuild their army.
1922   President Warren G. Harding orders U.S. troops back from the Rhineland.
1932   The German dirigible, Graf Zepplin, makes the first flight to South America on regular schedule.
1939   President Franklin D. Roosevelt names William O. Douglas to the Supreme Court.
1940   The British Royal Air Force conducts an all-night air raid on the Nazi airbase at Sylt, Germany.
1943   The Allies attack Field Marshall Erwin Rommel’s forces on the Mareth Line in North Africa.
1965   President Lyndon B. Johnson orders 4,000 troops to protect the Selma-Montgomery civil rights marchers.
1969   Senator Edward Kennedy calls on the United States to close all bases in Taiwan.
1976   Patty Hearst is convicted of armed robbery.
1982   U.S. scientists return from Antarctica with the first land mammal fossils found there.
1987   The United State approves AZT, a drug that is proven to slow the progress of AIDS.
Born on March 20
43BC   Ovid, Roman poet.
1811   Napoleon II, son of Napoleon Bonaparte, Duke of Reichstadt.
1828   Henrik Isben, Norwegian dramatist (Peer Gynt, Hedda Gabler).
1904   B.F. Skinner, American psychologist.
1917   Dame Vera Lynn , British singer.
1922   Raymond Walter Goulding, Radio comedian of Bob and Ray fame.
1925   John Ehrlichman, White House advisor to President Nixon.
1928   Fred Rogers, television performer (Mr. Roger’s Neighborhood).
1957   Shelton ‘Spike’ Lee, film director (Do the Right Thing, Malcolm X).

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Today In History. What Happened This Day In History


Today In History. What Happened This Day In History

A chronological timetable of historical events that occurred on this day in history. Historical facts of the day in the areas of military, politics, science, music, sports, arts, entertainment and more. Discover what happened today in history.

Today in History
March 19

1687   The French explorer La Salle is murdered in by his own men while searching for the mouth of the Mississippi, along the coast of the Gulf of Mexico.
1702   On the death of William III of Orange, Anne Stuart, sister of Mary, succeeds to the throne of England, Scotland and Ireland.
1822   Boston is incorporated as a city.
1879   Jim Currie opens fire on the actors Maurice Barrymore and Ben Porter near Marshall, Texas. His shots wound Barrymore and kill Porter.
1903   The U.S. Senate ratifies the Cuban treaty, gaining naval bases in Guantanamo and Bahia Honda.
1916   The First Aero Squadron takes off from Columbus, NM to join Gen. John J. Pershing and his Punitive Expedition against Pancho Villa in Mexico.
1917   The Adamson Act, eight hour day for railroad workers, is ruled constitutional by the U.S. Supreme Court.
1918   Congress authorizes Daylight Savings Time.
1920   The U.S. Senate rejects the Versailles Treaty for the second time.
1924   U.S. troops are rushed to Tegucigalpa as rebel forces take the Honduran capital.
1931   The state of Nevada legalizes gambling.
1935   The British fire on 20,000 Muslims in India, killing 23.
1936   The Soviet Union signs a pact of assistance with Mongolia against Japan.
1944   The German 352nd Infantry Division deploys along the coast of France.
1945   Adolf Hitler orders a scorched-earth policy for his retreating German armies in the west and east.
1947   Chiang Kai-Shek’s government forces take control of Yenan, the former headquarters of the Chinese Communist Party.
1949   The Soviet People’s Council signs the constitution of the German Democratic Republic, and declares that the North Atlantic Treaty is merely a war weapon.
1963   In Costa Rica, President John F. Kennedy and six Latin American presidents pledge to fight Communism.
1977   Congo President Marien Ngouabi is killed by a suicide commando.
1981   One technician is killed and two others are injured during a routine test on space shuttle Columbia.
Born on March 19
1589   William Bradford, governor of Plymouth colony for 30 years.
1721   Tobias George Smollett, satirical author and physician (Roderick Random, Humphrey Clinker).
1813   David Livingston, explorer found by Arthur Stanley in Africa.
1821   Sir Richard Burton, English explorer.
1848   Wyatt Earp, U.S. marshal.
1849   Alfred von Tirpitz, Prussian admiral who commanded the German fleet in early World War I.
1860   William Jennings Bryan, orator, statesman, known as “The Great Communicator.”
1889   Sarah Gertrude Millina, South African writer (The Dark River, God’s Stepchildren).
1891   Earl Warren, governor of California, later 14th Supreme Court Chief Justice.
1904   John J. Sirica, U.S. Federal Judge who ruled on Watergate issues.
1906   Adolf Eichman, Nazi Gestapo officer.
1912   Adolf Galland, German Luftwaffe pilot.
1925   Brent Scrowcroft, Lt. Gen. (USAF), National Security Advisor to President George H.W. Bush.
1933   Phillip Roth, American novelist and short-story writer (Portnoy’s Complaint).

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Today In History. What Happened This Day In History


Today In History. What Happened This Day In History

A chronological timetable of historical events that occurred on this day in history. Historical facts of the day in the areas of military, politics, science, music, sports, arts, entertainment and more. Discover what happened today in history.

Today in History
March 18

37   The Roman Senate annuls Tiberius’ will and proclaims Caligula emperor.
1692   William Penn is deprived of his governing powers.
1863   Confederate women riot in Salisbury, N.C. to protest the lack of flour and salt in the South.
1865   The Congress of the Confederate States of America adjourns for the last time.
1874   Hawaii signs a treaty giving exclusive trading rights with the islands to the United States.
1881   Barnum and Bailey’s Greatest Show on Earth opens in Madison Square Gardens.
1911   Theodore Roosevelt opens the Roosevelt Dam in Phoenix, Ariz., the largest dam in the United States to date.
1913   Greek King George I is killed by an assassin. Constantine I is to succeed.
1916   On the Eastern Front, the Russians counter the Verdun assault with an attack at Lake Naroch. The Russians lose 100,000 men and the Germans lose 20,000.
1917   The Germans sink the U.S. ships, City of Memphis, Vigilante and the Illinois, without any type of warning.
1922   Mahatma Gandhi is sentenced to six years in prison for civil disobedience in India.
1939   Georgia finally ratifies the Bill of Rights, 150 years after the birth of the federal government. Connecticut and Massachusetts, the only other states to hold out, also ratify the Bill of Rights in this year.
1942   The third military draft begins in the United States.
1943   Adolf Hitler calls off the offensive in the Caucasus.
1943   American forces take Gafsa in Tunisia.
1944   The Russians reach the Rumanian border.
1950   Nationalist troops land on the mainland of China and capture Communist-held Sungmen.
1953   The Braves baseball team announces that they are moving from Boston to Milwaukee.
1965   Cosmonaut Alexei Leonov becomes the first man to spacewalk when he exits his Voskhod 2 space capsule while in orbit around the Earth.
1969   President Richard M. Nixon authorizes Operation Menue, the’secret’ bombing of Cambodia.
1970   The U.S. Postal Service is paralyzed by the first postal strike.
1971   U.S. helicopters airlift 1,000 South Vietnamese soldiers out of Laos.
1975   South Vietnam abandons most of the Central Highlands to North Vietnamese forces.
1981   The United States discloses biological weapons tests in Texas in 1966.
1986   Buckingham Palace announces the engagement of Prince Andrew to Sarah Ferguson.
Born on March 18
1782   John C. Calhoun, U.S. statesman.
1837   Stephen Grover Cleveland, 22nd and 24th President of the United States (1885-1889 and 1893-1897), the only U.S. president elected for two nonconsecutive terms.
1842   Stephane Mallarme, French symbolist poet.
1858   Rudolf Diesel, German engineer who designed the compression-ignition engine.
1869   Neville Chamberlin, British Prime Minister (1937-40).
1893   Wilfred Owen, World War I poet.
1932   John Updike, American poet and novelist.
1936   Frederik W. deKlerk, President of the Republic of South Africa.

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Today In History. What Happened This Day In History


Today In History. What Happened This Day In History

A chronological timetable of historical events that occurred on this day in history. Historical facts of the day in the areas of military, politics, science, music, sports, arts, entertainment and more. Discover what happened today in history.

Today in History
March 17

1766   Britain repeals the Stamp Act.
1776   British forces evacuate from Boston to Nova Scotia.
1799   Napoleon Bonaparte and his army reach Mediterranean seaport of St. Jean d’Acra, only to find British warships ready to break his siege of the town.
1868   The first postage stamp canceling machine patent is issued.
1884   John Joseph Montgomery makes the first glider flight in Otay, Calif.
1886   Twenty African Americans are killed in the Carrollton Massacre in Mississippi.
1891   The British steamer Utopia sinks off the coast of Gibraltar.
1905   Anna Eleanor Roosevelt, niece of President Theodore Roosevelt, marries Franklin D. Roosevelt in New York.
1910   The Camp Fire Girls are founded in Lake Sebago, Maine.
1914   Russia increases the number of active duty military from 460,000 to 1,700,000.
1924   Four Douglas army aircraft leave Los Angeles for an around the world flight.
1930   Mob boss Al Capone is released from jail.
1942   The Nazis begin deporting Jews to the Belsen camp.
1944   The U.S. Eighth Air Force bombs Vienna.
1959   The Dalai Lama flees Tibet and goes to India.
1961   The United States increases military aid and technicians to Laos.
1962   The Soviet Union asks the United States to pull out of South Vietnam.
1966   A U.S. submarine locates a missing H-bomb in the Mediterranean.
1970   The Army charges 14 officers with suppression of facts in the My Lai massacre case.
1972   Nixon asks Congress to halt busing in order to achieve desegregation.
1973   Twenty are killed in Cambodia when a bomb goes off that was meant for the Cambodian President Lon Nol.
1973   First POWs are released from the “Hanoi Hilton” in Hanoi, North Vietnam.
1985   President Ronald Reagan agrees to a joint study with Canada on acid rain.
1992   White South Africans approve constitutional reforms giving legal equality to blacks.
Born on March 17
1828   Patrick R. Cleburne, Confederate general.
1832   Daniel Conway Moncure, U.S. clergyman, author, abolitionist
1846   Kate Greenway, painter and illustrator (Mother Goose).
1902   Bobby Jones, American golfer.
1919   Nat “King” Cole, American jazz pianist and singer.

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Today In History. What Happened This Day In History


Today In History. What Happened This Day In History

A chronological timetable of historical events that occurred on this day in history. Historical facts of the day in the areas of military, politics, science, music, sports, arts, entertainment and more. Discover what happened today in history.

Today in History
March 14

1629   A Royal charter is granted to the Massachusetts Bay Colony.
1743   First American town meeting is held at Boston’s Faneuil Hall.
1757   British Admiral John Byng is executed by a firing squad on board HMS Monarch for neglect of duty.
1794   Inventor Eli Whitney receives a patent for his cotton gin.
1900   United States currency goes on the gold standard.
1903   The Senate ratifies the Hay-Herran Treaty, guaranteeing the United states the right to build a canal in Panama.
1912   An anarchist named Antonio Dalba unsuccessfully attempts to kill Italy’s King Victor Emmanuel III in Rome.
1915   The British Navy sinks the German battleship Dresden off the Chilean coast.
1918   An all-Russian Congress of Soviets ratifies a peace treaty with the Central Powers.
1923   President Warren G. Harding becomes the first U.S. President to file an income tax report.
1936   Adolf Hitler tells a crowd of 300,000 that Germany’s only judge is God and itself.
1939   The Nazis dissolve the republic of Czechoslovakia.
1943   The Germans reoccupy Kharkov in the Soviet Union.
1947   The United States signs a 99-year lease on naval bases in the Philippines.
1951   U.N. forces recapture Seoul for the second time during the Korean War.
1954   The Viet Minh launch an assault against the French Colonial Forces at Dien Bien Phu.
1964   A Dallas jury finds Jack Ruby guilty of the murder of assassin Lee Harvey Oswald.
1967   John F. Kennedy’s body is moved from a temporary grave to a permanent one in Arlington Cemetery.
1978   An Israeli force of 22,000 invades south Lebanon, hitting the PLO bases.
1990   Mikhail S. Gorbachev becomes president of the Soviet Congress.
1991   The “Birmingham Six,” imprisoned for 16 years for their alleged part in an IRA pub bombing, are set free after a court agrees that the police fabricated evidence.
Born on March 14
1804   Johann Strauss, violinist and composer.
1833   Lucy Hobbs Taylor, first woman dentist.
1854   Paul Ehrlich, German bacteriologist who received the Nobel Prize for medicine.
1864   Casey Jones, railroad engineer.
1879   Albert Einstein, German-born mathematician best known for his theories on relativity.
1934   Eugene Cernan, American astronaut, the last man on the moon.

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Today In History. What Happened This Day In History


Today In History. What Happened This Day In History

A chronological timetable of historical events that occurred on this day in history. Historical facts of the day in the areas of military, politics, science, music, sports, arts, entertainment and more. Discover what happened today in history.

Today in History
March 13

483   St. Felix begins his reign as Catholic Pope.
607   The 12th recorded passage of Halley’s Comet occurs.
1519   Hernando Cortez lands in what will become Mexico.
1660   A statute is passed limiting the sale of slaves in the colony of Virginia.
1777   Congress orders its European envoys to appeal to high-ranking foreign officers to send troops to reinforce the American army.
1781   Astronomer William Herschel discovers the planet Uranus, which he names ‘Georgium Sidus,’ in honor of King George III.
1793   Eli Whitney patents the cotton gin.
1861   Jefferson Davis signs a bill authorizing slaves to be used as soldiers for the Confederacy.
1868   The U.S. Senate begins the impeachment trial of President Andrew Johnson.
1881   Czar Alexander II is assassinated when a bomb is thrown at him near his palace.
1915   The Germans repel a British Expeditionary Force attack at the battle of Neuve Chapelle in France.
1918   Women are scheduled to march in the St. Patrick’s Day Parade in New York due to a shortage of men.
1935   A three-thousand-year-old archive is found in Jerusalem confirming biblical history.
1940   Finland capitulates conditionally to Soviet terms, but maintains its independence.
1941   Hitler issues an edict calling for an invasion of the Soviet Union.
1942   Julia Flikke of the Nurse Corps becomes the first woman colonel in the U.S. Army.
1943   Japanese forces end their attack on the American troops on Hill 700 in Bougainville.
1951   Israel demands $1.5 billion in German reparations for the cost of caring for war refugees.
1957   The FBI arrests Jimmy Hoffa on bribery charges.
1963   China invites Soviet Premiere Nikita Khrushchev to visit Beijing.
1970   Cambodia orders Hanoi and Viet Cong troops to get out.
1974   The U.S. Senate votes 54-33 to restore the death penalty.
1974   Arab nations decide to end the oil embargo on the United States.
1981   The United States plans to send 15 Green Berets to El Salvador as military advisors.
1985   Upon the death of Konstantin Chernenko, Mikhail Gorbachev becomes the new leader of the Soviet Union.
1991   Exxon pays $1 billion in fines and costs for the clean-up of the Alaskan oil spill.
Born on March 13
1615   Innocent XII, Roman Catholic Pope
1733   Joseph Priestly, scientist credited with the discovery of oxygen.
1764   Charles Earl Grey, British Prime Minister
1798   Abigail Powers Fillmore, First Lady and wife of Millard Fillmore
1855   Percival Lowell, astronomer who predicted the discovery of the planet Pluto.
1886   Albert William Stevens, balloonist and photographer.
1892   Janet Flanner, writer (“Letter from Paris”).
1900   George Seferis, Greek poet.

Today In History. What Happened This Day In History


Today In History. What Happened This Day In History

A chronological timetable of historical events that occurred on this day in history. Historical facts of the day in the areas of military, politics, science, music, sports, arts, entertainment and more. Discover what happened today in history.

Today in History
March12

1496   The Jews are expelled from Syria.
1507   Cesare Borgia dies while fighting alongside his brother, the king of Navarre, in Spain.
1609   The Bermuda Islands become an English colony.
1664   New Jersey becomes a British colony.
1789   The United States Post Office is established.
1809   Great Britain signs a treaty with Persia forcing the French out of the country.
1863   President Jefferson Davis delivers his State of the Confederacy address.
1879   The British Zulu War begins.
1884   Mississippi establishes the first U.S. state college for women.
1894   Coca-Cola is sold in bottles for the first time.
1903   The Czar of Russia issues a decree providing for nominal freedom of religion throughout the land.
1909   British Parliament increases naval appropriations for Great Britain.
1911   Dr. Fletcher of the Rockefeller Institute discovers the cause of infantile paralysis.
1912   Juliet Low founds the Girl Scouts in Savannah, Georgia.
1917   Russian troops mutiny as the “February Revolution” begins.
1930   Gandhi begins his march to the sea to symbolizes his defiance of British rule in India.
1933   President Paul von Hindenburg drops the flag of the German Republic and orders that the swastika and empire banner be flown side by side.
1933   President Roosevelt makes the first of his Sunday evening fireside chats.
1938   German troops enter Austria without firing a shot, forming the anschluss (union)of Austria and Germany.
1939   Pius XII is elected the new pope in Rome.
1944   Great Britain bars all travel to neutral Ireland, which is suspected of collaborating with Nazi Germany.
1945   Diarist Anne Frank dies in a German concentration camp.
1959   The U.S. House of Representatives joins the Senate in approving the statehood of Hawaii.
1984   Lebanese President Gemayel opens the second meeting in five years calling for the end to nine-years of war.
1985   The United States and the Soviet Union begin arms control talks in Geneva.
1994   The Church of England ordains women priests.
Born on March 12
1554   Richard Hooker, English theologian (Laws of Ecclesiastical Polity).
1858   Adolph Simon Ochs, publisher of The New York Times.
1862   Jane Delano, nurse, teacher, founder of the Red Cross.
1890   Vasav Nijinsky, Russian ballet dancer.
1922   Jack Kerouac, American novelist (On the Road).
1928   Edward Albee, American dramatist (Who’s Afraid of Virginia Wolf).
1946   Patricia Hampl, poet and memoirist (A Romantic Education, Virgin Time).

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Today In History. What Happened This Day In History

A chronological timetable of historical events that occurred on this day in history. Historical facts of the day in the areas of military, politics, science, music, sports, arts, entertainment and more. Discover what happened today in history.

March 7

322 BC   The Greek philosopher Aristotle dies.
161   On the death of Antoninus at Lorium, Marcus Aurelius becomes emperor.
1774   The British close the port of Boston to all commerce.
1799   In Palestine, Napoleon captures Jaffa and his men massacre more than 2,000 Albanian prisoners.
1809   Aeronaut Jean Pierre Blanchard — the first person to make the an aerial voyage in the New World — died on March 7, 1809, at the age of 56.
1838   Soprano Jenny Lind (“the Swedish Nightingale”) makes her debut in Weber’s opera Der Freischultz.
1847   U.S. General Winfield Scott occupies Vera Cruz, Mexico.
1849   The Austrian Reichstag is dissolved.
1862   Confederate forces surprise the Union army at the Battle of Pea Ridge, in Arkansas, but the Union is victorious.
1876   Alexander Graham Bell is granted a patent for the telephone.
1904   The Japanese bomb the Russian town of Vladivostok.
1906   Finland becomes the third country to give women the right to vote, decreeing universal suffrage for all citizens over 24, however, barring those persons who are supported by the state.
1912   French aviator, Heri Seimet flies non-stop from London to Paris in three hours.
1918   Finland signs an alliance treaty with Germany.
1925   The Soviet Red Army occupies Outer Mongolia.
1927   A Texas law that bans Negroes from voting is ruled unconstitutional by the Supreme Court.
1933   The board game Monopoly is invented.
1933   The film King Kong premieres in New York City.
1935   Malcolm Campbell sets an auto speed record of 276.8 mph in Florida.
1936   Hitler sends German troops into the Rhineland, violating the Locarno Pact.
1942   Japanese troops land on New Guinea.
1951   U.N. forces in Korea under General Matthew Ridgeway launch Operation Ripper, an offensive to straighten out the U.N. front lines against the Chinese.
1968   The Battle of Saigon, begun on the day of the Tet Offensive, ends.
1971   A thousand U.S. planes bomb Cambodia and Laos.
1979   Voyager 1 reaches Jupiter.
Born on March 7
1707   Stephen Hopkins, signer of the Declaration of Independence.
1872   Piet Mondrian, Dutch abstract painter, leader of the movement known as “de Stijl.”
1875   Maurice Ravel, composer (“Bolero”).
1887   Helen Parkhurst, educator, developed a technique later known as the Dalton Plan.
1904   Reinhard Heydrich, German SS leader and architect of the “Final Solution.”
1907   Rolf Jacobsen, Norwegian poet.
1908   Anna Magnani, Italian actress.

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