Tag Archives: Ukraine


Today In History. What Happened This Day In History

A chronological timetable of historical events that occurred on this day in history. Historical facts of the day in the areas of military, politics, science, music, sports, arts, entertainment and more. Discover what happened today in history.

Today in History
May 5

1494   Christopher Columbus lands on the island of Jamaica, which he names Santa Gloria.
1814   British attack the American forces at Ft. Ontario, Oswego, New York.
1821   Napoleon Bonaparte dies in exile on the island of St. Helena.
1834   The first mainland railway line opens in Belgium.
1862   Union and Confederate forces clash at the Battle of Williamsburg, part of the Peninsula Campaign.
1862   Mexican forces loyal to Benito Juarez defeat troops sent by Napoleon III in the Battle of Puebla.
1865   The 13th Amendment is ratified, abolishing slavery.
1886   A bomb explodes on the fourth day of a workers’ strike in Chicago.
1912   Soviet Communist Party newspaper Pravda begins publishing.
1916   U.S. Marines invade the Dominican Republic.
1917   Eugene Jacques Bullard becomes the first African-American aviator when he earns a flying certificate with the French Air Service.
1920   Anarchists Nicola Sacco and Bartolomeo Vanzetti are arrested for murder.
1935   American Jesse Owens sets the long jump record.
1942   General Joseph Stilwell learns that the Japanese have cut his railway out of China and is forced to lead his troops into India.
1945   Holland and Denmark are liberated from Nazi control.
1961   Alan Shepard becomes the first American in space.
1965   173rd Airborne Brigade arrives in Bien Hoa-Vung, Vietnam, the first regular U.S. Army unit deployed to that country.
1968   U.S. Air Force planes hit Nhi Ha, South Vietnam in support of attacking infantrymen.
1969   Pulitzer Prize awarded to Norman Mailer for his ‘nonfiction novel’ Armies of the Night, an account of the 1967 anti-Vietnam War march on the Pentagon.
1987   Congress opens Iran-Contra hearings.
2000   The Sun, Earth, Mercury, Venus, Mars, Jupiter and Saturn align – Earth’s moon is also almost in this alignment – leading to Doomsday predictions of massive natural disasters, although such a ‘grand confluence’ occurs about once in every century.
Born on May 5
1813   Soren Kierkegaard, Danish philosopher.
1818   Karl Marx, German philosopher (The Communist Manifesto, Das Kapital).
1830   John B. Stetson, American hat maker.
1861   Peter Cooper Hewitt, electrical engineer, inventor of the mercury-vapor lamp.
1883   Charles Albert “Chief” Bender, baseball player.
1890   Christopher Morley, writer (Kitty Foyle).
1899   Freeman F. Gosden, radio comedy writer and performer (Amos ‘n’ Andy).
1909   Carlos Baker, biographer.
1943   Michael Palin, actor and screenwriter (Monty Python’s Flying Circus).

– See more at: http://www.historynet.com/today-in-history#sthash.6DhlyMv5.dpuf

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Ukraine Spring of 2014: Kyiv! Sniper kills unarmed people!


Ukraine! Kyiv! Sniper kills unarmed people!

 Published on Feb 21, 2014/ 88,919 views

Noam Chomsky on the rise of Islamic State & the Ukraine crisis


Noam Chomsky on the rise of Islamic State & the Ukraine crisis

Nigel Farage: Stop playing wargames with Putin


Nigel Farage: Stop playing wargames with Putin

Sergentul, de Vasile Alecsandri


Sergentul
poezie

– – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – –
de [Vasile_Alecsandri ]

2002-08-08  |     |  Înscris în bibliotecă de aleksandar stoicovici

Sergentul Pe drumul de costise ce duce la Vaslui
Venea un om, cu jale zicind în gindul lui:
“Mai lunga-mi pare calea acum la-ntors acasa…
As vrea să zbor, si rana din pulpa nu mă lasa!”
Si bietul om, slab, palid, avind sumanul rupt
Si o camesa rupta bucati pe dedesupt,
Pasea tragind piciorul încet, dar pe-a lui fata
Zbura ca o lumina de glorie mareata,
Si-n ochii lui de vulturi adinci, vioi si mari
Trecea lucioase umbre de eroi legendari.

Opinca-i era sparta, căciula desfundata,
Dar fruntea lui de raze parea incoronata.
Calica-i era haina, dar straluceau pe ea
Si crucea “Sfintul Gheorghe” si a “Romaniei Stea”.
Romanul venea singur pe drumul plin de soare,
Când iata ca aude fanfare sunatoare
Si vede nu departre în fata lui venind
Un corp de oaste mindra în aur stralucind.
Erau trei batalione de garda-mparateasca
Mergând voiios la Plevna cu dor s-o cucereasca.

In frunte-i colonelul semet, pe calu-i pag,
La bravii sai tovarasi privea ades cu drag,
Si inima în pieptu-i batea cu foc, desteapta,
Căci el visa, privindu-i, la lupta ce-i asteapta.
Deodat’ el da cu ochii de sarbedul roman
Ce stase-n loc la umbra, sub un stejar batrân,
Si mult se minuneaza, si nici ca-i vine-a crede
Când crucea “Sfintul Gheorghe” pe sinul lui o vede.
S-opreste regimentul, iar bravul colonel
Se-nchina la drumetul, s-apropie de el.

Si-i zice cu blindeta: “De unde vii straine?”
“Vin tocmai de la Plevna.” “Cum e acolo?” “Bine.”
“Dar aste decoratii cum, cine ti le-au dat?”
“Chiar domninorul nostru s-al vostru imparat.”
“Dar pentru care fapte?” “Stiu eu?… Cica drept plata
Ca am luat eu steagul redutei… si pe data
Cu el, strapunsi de glonturi, ne-am prabusit în sant…”
“Dar ce rang ai voinice?” “Am rang… de dorobant!”
Atunci colonelul, dând mâna cu sergentul,
Se-ntoarce, da un ordin… Pe loc, tot regimentul
Se-nsira, poarta arma, saluta cu onor
Romanul care pleaca tragind a lui picior.

 

Tchaikovsky – Andante Cantabile for Cello and String Orchestra


Tchaikovsky – Andante Cantabile in B major,  for Cello and String Orchestra

today’s birthday: Helmut Schmidt (1918)


Helmut Schmidt (1918)

Schmidt is a German Social Democratic statesman who was the chancellor of West Germany from 1974 to 1982. His administration was characterized by a tough approach to the worldwide economic recession of the era. He was committed to improving relations with East Germany and the USSR, and he succeeded in cultivating ties with France, encouraging economic cooperation among western European nations, and maintaining close relations with the US. Why was he the subject of a police inquiry in 2008? More… Discuss

check this sad story: Follow the story “Three Ukraine soldiers dead in first casualties since ceasefire”|via France 24


this pressed: Ukraine, Russia and the ceasefire that never was|By Fergal Keane BBC News, eastern Ukraine via BBC News-on Twitter


“Ukraine, Russia and the ceasefire that never was

But It Is a Teorethical Hope-via BBC

“But It Is a Theoretical Hope-via BBC”

this day in the yesteryear: Scuttling of the French fleet in Toulon (1942)


Scuttling of the French fleet in Toulon (1942)

When Nazi Germany occupied northern and western France in 1940, the coastal city of Toulon fell under Vichy jurisdiction in the so-called unoccupied zone in the south. The center of French naval power since the 19th century, Toulon housed much of the French fleet. When, in 1942, Germany finally occupied all of France and Toulon’s capture appeared imminent, the French scuttled much of the fleet rather than allow the vessels to fall into German hands. What was the German mission in Toulon called? More… Discuss

this presses: for your right to know (publicat pentru dreptul de a stii: Ukraine Being Watched by Moldova


The former Soviet Union State of Moldova is holding an election next weekend and will vote to make a decision about if it will continue down the road to European integration, opposing Russia and risking war like Ukraine is. Moldova is being watchful of the happenings between Russia and Ukraine since their former Soviet sibling may show them what to expect by defying the Russian wishes.

Moldova is one of the smallest countries in eastern Europe and one of the poorest. The country, located on the western edge of what use to be the Soviet Union, has made large strides towards integration into the West and separating themselves from the Russian way more than any other ex-Soviet states.

The parliamentary election will take place on November 30 and as it gets closer, polls showing the opinion of Moldova’s citizens appear divided on if they should remain loyal to Russia or continue moving towards inclusion with the European Union (EU) nations. The decision is not a simple one, and one that has already hurt the country and its people.

Moving towards inclusion in the EU, the three-party group that comprises the Alliance for European Integration that formed in 2009 has earned the landlocked country a ban on imports of wines, meats and vegetables from Russia. This has affected the 3.5 million people living in Moldova, which is bordered by Romania, a member of the EU, and Ukraine.

via Ukraine Being Watched by Moldova

Google translator (Romanian)

Fostul stat sovietic a Moldovei organizează alegeri viitor week-end și va vota pentru a face o decizie cu privire la cazul în care va continua pe drumul spre integrarea europeană, opunându-Rusia și riscul de război ca Ucraina este. Moldova fiind atentă a ce se intampla dintre Rusia și Ucraina de la fostul lor frate sovietic putea arăta ce să se aștepte de sfidarea dorințele rusești.

Moldova este una dintre cele mai mici țări din Europa de Est și unul dintre cele mai sărace. Țara, situat la marginea de vest a ceea ce folosesc pentru a fi Uniunea Sovietică, a făcut pași mari către integrarea în Occident și se separă de modul rus mai mult decât orice alte state ex-sovietice.

Alegerile parlamentare vor avea loc la 30 noiembrie și cum se apropie, sondajele arată opinia cetățenilor Republicii Moldova par împărțite asupra în cazul în care ar trebui să rămână loiali Rusia sau de a continua deplasarea spre includere cu Uniunea Europeană (UE) națiuni. Decizia nu este una simplă, și una care a rănit deja țara și oamenii ei.

Mutarea spre includere în UE, grupul trei partide care cuprinde Alianța pentru Integrare Europeană, care a format în 2009, a câștigat țara fără ieșire la mare o interdicție asupra importurilor de vinuri, carne și legume din Rusia. Acest lucru a afectat 3,5 milioane de oameni care trăiesc în Republica Moldova, care este marginita de România, membră a Uniunii Europene, și Ucraina.
prin Ucraina Fiind urmarit de Republica Moldova.

this pressed for your right to know: The broken-down beauty of Eastern Ukraine, 25 years after the end of the USSR | Where do We go from Here?


Before there was a raging civil war that devastated the region’s infrastructure and polarized its population, the Donbass region in Eastern Ukraine was an economically depressed area, far removed from the authority of the central government in Kiev.

Historically, Donbass—known officially as the Donets Basin, which encompasses the Donetsk and Luhansk oblasts—was the center of Soviet industrialism, a region that symbolized the power of Soviet might where towns and cities sprung up alongside coal mines and factories. Following the USSR’s collapse, however, much of the region lay in ruins.

The AllFall- Donbass Romanticism

The AllFall- Donbass Romanticism

That’s the theme behind the series, “Donbass Romanticism,” by Moldovan-born photojournalist Misha Friedman, who photographed the region in 2010 and 2011 while living in Kiev. Friedman set out to depict the ruined, crumbling infrastructure as a symbol of government neglect and the collapse of Soviet ideals.

via The broken-down beauty of Eastern Ukraine, 25 years after the end of the USSR | Where do We go from Here?.

Russia says Ukraine monitors biased


Russia says Ukraine monitors biased http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-europe-30056604

Roxelana


Roxelana

The story of Roxelana is a true rags-to-riches tale. Little is known of her early life, but she was likely born in Ukraine in the 16th century. At some point, she was captured by Crimean Tatars and taken as a slave. Brought to Constantinople (now Istanbul), she was selected to be a concubine in the harem of Sultan Suleiman the Magnificent. Roxelana soon gained Suleiman’s favor and—in a shocking break with tradition—he made her his legal wife. What did this mean for the sons she bore him? More… Discuss

this pressed-for the record: Flash – Ukraine president replaces Donetsk governor with hardline general – France 24


AFP

A woman walks past grafitti reading

A woman walks past grafitti reading “Donetsk will be free”, and bearing a Russian flag in Donetsk on October 10, 2014

A woman walks past grafitti reading “Donetsk will be free”, and bearing a Russian flag in Donetsk on October 10, 2014

Ukraine’s president on Friday fired a millionaire businessman who failed to stop the advance of pro-Russian rebels while governor of war-torn Donetsk and replaced him with a hardline nationalist general.

via Flash – Ukraine president replaces Donetsk governor with hardline general – France 24.

From EUROPARL: Nigel Farage: Stop playing wargames with Putin – Video source: EbS (European Parliament)


Nigel Farage: Stop playing wargames with Putin

this pressed: Moscow will review its military strategy in face of NATO plan for rapid-reaction force – The Washington Post


Moscow will review its military strategy in face of NATO plan for rapid-reaction force –

The Washington Post.

this pressed: Ukraine: Nato hält Niederlage für Kiew für sicher – SPIEGEL ONLINE (Analysis of the military situation: NATO sees Ukraine as already loser)



Ukraine: Prorussische Separatisten auf dem Vormarsch

Ukraine: Nato hält Niederlage für Kiew für sicher – SPIEGEL ONLINE.

(Analysis of the military situation: NATO sees Ukraine as already loser)

Excerpts from article:  “Kiev / Moscow NATO has changed its military assessment of the situation in eastern Ukraine fundamentally. A week ago, the strategists of the Alliance assumed that Russia has strengthened the separatists with covert troops only because the pro-Russian rebels had to retreat under pressure of the Ukrainian army.

When the generals of the alliance but then late last week to a crisis meeting on the situation of the army of the Ukrainian President Petro Poroshenko came together, they painted a grim picture. Militarily, the conflict for Kiev is already lost,” stated a senior NATO general. Poroshenko, the judgment, were really only talks to withdraw his men alive from the pliers of the Russians“.

The location descriptions behind closed doors were far more dramatic than the few images that NATO published mid-week. On large maps were marked with thick arrows Russian units, which now from the north, the west and the south on the border of eastern Ukraine are at least 20 Battalions  with a minimum of 500 men and heavy guns are the scouts of NATO.”
(translation from German to English with the aid of Google Translate online service)


NATO Says Russian Troops in Ukraine

NATO says more than 1,000 Russian troops are now operating inside Ukraine and released satellite images purporting to show Russian combat forces and heavy weapons engaging in military activity within Ukraine to support its claims. It also asserts that Russia has transferred large quantities of advanced weapons, including air defense systems, artillery, tanks, and armored personnel carriers to Ukrainian separatists in the east of the country. The Kremlin, meanwhile, denies these accusations. The UN Security Council convened an emergency meeting to discuss the ongoing crisis. More… Discuss

this pressed watch video here: Ukraine detains Russian paratroopers; U.S. ambassador warns of ‘counteroffensive’ – The Washington Post (“davai ceas, davai palton”…) the never ending story


Ukraine detains Russian paratroopers; U.S. ambassador warns of ‘counteroffensive’ – The Washington Post.

295 Thought Dead in New Malaysia Airlines Tragedy


295 Thought Dead in New Malaysia Airlines Tragedy

A Malaysia Airlines flight bound for Kuala Lumpur from Amsterdam crashed in eastern Ukraine yesterday, and it may not have been an accident. Ukraine has accused terrorists of shooting down the commercial flight, while the rebels have pointed the finger back at Ukraine. All 295 persons on board—280 passengers and 15 crew—are presumed dead. This is the second tragedy to strike the airline this year. In March, another flight went missing without a trace, and it has yet to be found. More… Discuss

this day in the yesteryear: Sweden Defeated at the Battle of Poltava (1709)


Sweden Defeated at the Battle of Poltava (1709)

During the Great Northern War, neighboring countries sought to break Swedish supremacy in the Baltic area. Its most famous battle is likely the Battle of Poltava, which occurred after Charles XII of Sweden invaded Ukraine and—lacking reinforcements and seeking a stronghold—laid siege to Poltava. When the battle began, 45,000 Russian troops faced just 14,000 Swedish soldiers. The Russian victory effectively ended Sweden’s role as a major power. What did the Russians do with the Swedish prisoners? More… Discuss

this pressed: BBC News – Ukraine crisis: Russia must engage with Kiev, says G7


BBC News – Ukraine crisis: Russia must engage with Kiev, says G7.

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this pressed: Two-dinner Hollande hosts Obama and Putin seeking Ukraine thaw | Reuters


Two-dinner Hollande hosts Obama and Putin seeking Ukraine thaw | Reuters.U.S. President Barack Obama (L) and France's President Francois Hollande participate in the G7 summit at the European Council headquarters in Brussels June 5, 2014.  REUTERS/Laurent Dubrule

“Nobody can refuse French cuisine… Hope it settles well and agrees with everyone’s stomach…”

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press this: UPDATE 2-Russia will respond to increased NATO activity near border – top general | Reuters


 

UPDATE 2-Russia will respond to increased NATO activity near border – top general | Reuters.

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From Wikipedia: 2014 Russian military intervention in Ukraine


Ukrainian crisis
Part of the 2014 Crimean crisis
Crimea crisis map.PNG
Crimea (black), Ukraine (light green) and Russia (light red) in Europe
  Crimea
(disputed by Ukraine and the Russian Federation)
  Russia
Date 27 February 2014 (de facto)[1] – present
(2 months, 1 week and 1 day)
Location Crimea and Sevastopol
Southern Kherson Oblast, Ukraine[2]
Allegedly, Eastern Ukraine[3]
Status Ongoing

Belligerents
Russia Russia

Ukraine Ukraine[15]
Commanders and leaders
Pres. Vladimir Putin
Gen. Sergey Shoygu
Gen. Valery Gerasimov
Lt.Gen. Igor Sergun
V.Adm. Aleksandr Vitko
Sergey Aksyonov
Pres. (acting) Oleksandr Turchynov
Adm. Ihor Tenyukh
Lt.Gen. Mykhailo Kutsyn
R.Adm. Serhiy Hayduk (P.O.W.)
R.Adm. Denis Berezovsky
(defected)
Units involved
Medium emblem of the Вооружённые Силы Российской Федерации.svg Russian Armed Forces:[16][17]
Russian 76th Airborne Division patch.svg 76th Airborne Division
Russian 31st Airborne Brigade patch.svg 31st Airborne Brigade
18th Mechanized Brigade

Sleeve Insignia of the Russian Baltic Fleet.svg Baltic Fleet[18]
Sleeve Insignia of the Russian Northern Fleet.svg Northern Fleet
Sleeve Insignia of the Russian Black Sea Fleet.svg Black Sea Fleet:

FSB.svg FSB Operators

Generalstaff central dep.svg GRU Operators

Emblem of the Ukrainian Armed Forces.svg Armed Forces of Ukraine:
Emblem of the Ukrainian Navy.svg Ukrainian Navy

  • 36th Coastal Defense Brigade[23]  Surrendered

Gerb of State Border Guard Service of Ukraine.gif Ukrainian Sea Guard
MVS of Ukraine.gif Ukrainian police
Герб Внутрішніх Військ.png Internal Troops
NGU command.jpg National Guard of Ukraine
Security Service of Ukraine.gif SBU

  • Spetcnaz “Alpha”
Strength
Crimean Force: 25,000–30,000[24][25]

  • Black Sea Fleet: 11,000 (including Marines)4 Squadrons of fighter aircraft (18 planes each)

Reinforcements:Between 16,000[23][26][27][28] and 42,000[29] troops

Crimean garrison:
~ 14,500[30] – 18,800[31] troops
10 warships
Casualties and losses
15 Pro-Russian militants killed[22][32][33][34][35] 3 Ukrainian soldiers killed[36][37][38]
1 Ukrainian SBU officer killed
3 militants killed (Russian claim)
1 civilian activist abducted and killed[39]
1 Ukrainian MP abducted and killed
1 Ukrainian civilian killed
8+ wounded[15][40]
50+ captured[40][41][42]
1 Mil Mi-8 helicopter
1 An-2 transport aircraft
12 ships captured (some damaged)
Overall deaths: 25

Following the events of the 2014 Ukrainian Revolution, a secession crisis began on Ukraine‘s Crimean Peninsula. In late February 2014, unmarked armed forces began to take over the Crimean Peninsula in Ukraine. Experts identified the gunmen to be Russian Special Forces[43] and other paramilitaries. Russia at the time insisted that the forces did not include Russian troops stationed in the area,[44] but only local self-defense forces.[45][46] The local population and the media referred to them as “martians” or “little green men“.[47][48] On 17 April, Russian president Vladimir Putin admitted that Russian troops were in fact active in Crimea during the referendum, claiming this facilitated self-determination for the region.[49][50]

Russia rejected the legitimacy of the interim Ukrainian government in favor of ousted-President Viktor Yanukovych,[a] whose request for intervention has also been cited.[52][53] Russia has accused the United States and the EU of funding and directing the Ukrainian revolution.[54][55][56][57] The Ukrainian military reaction has included a mobilization of Ukraine’s armed forces and reserves. Western media reported that as of 3 March, Russia had stated that its troops would stay until the political situation was “normalised”[58][59] however Russia consistently denied that its troops were involved in the conflict at the time.[60][61][62][63]

Geopolitics of the Crimean autonomous Republic, March 2014.

Read more

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BBC News – Ukraine soldiers killed in renewed Sloviansk fighting


Map showing eastern UkraineBBC News – Ukraine soldiers killed in renewed Sloviansk fighting.

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DEATHS CLIMB IN UKRAINE UNREST


Deaths Climb in Ukraine Unrest

Clashes between pro- and anti-Russian activists in Odessa in southwestern Ukraine claimed dozens of lives on Friday, while in the eastern, rebel-held city ofSlovianskseparatists shot down two Ukrainian army helicopters involved in operations to take back the city. Moscow condemned the “punitive” operations in Sloviansk, saying Ukraine had violated a peace deal by firing on civilians from the air, but Kiev countered saying that the use of missiles to bring down its helicopters proves that Russian forces had already infiltrated the area. More… Discuss

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THIS DAY IN THE YESTERYEAR: NUCLEAR REACTOR AT CHERNOBYL PLANT EXPLODES (1986)


Nuclear Reactor at Chernobyl Plant Explodes (1986)

The accident at the Chernobyl nuclear power plant is regarded as the worst nuclear accident in history. Radioactive debris from the disaster drifted across parts of the western Soviet Union and Europe. Large areas of Ukraine, Belarus, and Russia were badly contaminated, resulting in the resettlement of hundreds of thousands of people and a disputed number of deaths. The incident set off an international outcry over the dangers posed by radioactive emissions. What caused the accident? More… Discuss

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Just a thought: Imagine going to sleep in your sovereign country, and waking up in as annexed to the neighboring one: Such is the fate of Ukrainian Citizen….What a shame!


click on image to access the report at CNN

click on image to access the report at CNN

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Vivaldi – Concerto No. 1 in E Major, OP. 8, RV 269 : The Four Seasons: Spring


[youtube.com/watch?v=-4kTei0XrCs]

Vivaldi – The Four Seasons: Spring

Visit at your own risk! I personally expressed my wish not to be associated in any way with this instigating website listed on my discussion settings!


http://usconstitutionalfreepress.wordpress.com/

click to access this site (at your own risk) AKA john galt keeps rebblogging my copyrighted posts even after my expressed wish that he abstain!

Visit at your own risk! I personally expressed my wish not to be associated in any way with this instigating website listed on my discussion settings!

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The Beatles – Back in the USSR


[youtube.com/watch?v=PxyISsA0Oh0]

The Beatles – Back in the USSR

 

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“O Joyful Day,” Anonymous Slavic 17th century motet trans. Mark Bailey



American Baroque Orchestra
Mark Bailey, artistic director

From a live 2013 performance entitled, “Music across the Nations,” this Slavic part-song or kant is arranged for two instrumental groupings that trade musical lines, and then play as a united ensemble for the final time. These part songs reveal the first significant wave of western music to influence regions such as Ukraine and Russia. They were sung para-liturgically, i.e. based on sacred themes but not designed in the church service per se. Because they were strophic and tuneful, part songs were very popular for many decades. They lend themselves quite well to instrumental ensembles and likely were played that way as well.

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NEWS: CONTROVERSIAL CRIMEA REFERENDUM DRAWS SANCTIONS


Controversial Crimea Referendum Draws Sanctions

Despite opposition from Kiev and the West, Crimeamoved forward with a referendum in which voters overwhelmingly backed seceding from Ukraine and joining Russia. Given the buildup of Russian troops in the region and the hurried nature of the referendum, many question the legitimacy of the vote. Nevertheless, Crimean officials—whose authority is also contested—lost little time in formally applying to join Russia. The US and EU responses were swift, though not as far-reaching as some had hoped; sanctions were imposed on a number of individuals in Russia and Crimea who pushed for or helped carry out the referendum. More… Discuss

 

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History of Ukraine (excerpts from Wikipedia) <<<>>


[youtube.com/watch?v=28Ms7_K4TMM
History of Ukraine
]

Tetyana Ivanytska “Have Mercy On Me, Oh Lord” (Ukrainian classical music)
Artists: “Khreschatyk” Academic Chamber Choir, a conductor — Pavlo Struts
Kyiv, 2008

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
 
 
Part of a series on the
History of Ukraine
Coat of arms of Ukraine
Portal icon Ukraine portal
 

The territory of Ukraine has been inhabited for at least forty four thousand years.[1] It is where the horse was first domesticated[2] and a candidate site of the origins of the Proto-Indo-European language family.[3][4]

According to a popular and well established theory, the medieval state of Kievan Rus was established by the Varangians in the 9th century as the first historically recorded East Slavic state. It emerged as a powerful nation in the Middle Ages but disintegrated in the 12th century. By the middle of the 14th century, present Ukrainian territories were under the rule of three external powers: the Golden Horde, the Grand Duchy of Lithuania, and the Kingdom of Poland, during the 15th century these lands came under the rule of the Crown of the Kingdom of PolandPolish Lithuanian Commonwealth (since 1569), and Crimean Khanate.[5] In 1653 the greater portion of the population rebelled against dominantly Polish Catholic rule and in January 1654 an assembly of the people (rada) voted at Pereyaslav to turn to Moscow, effectively joining the southeastern portion of the Polish-Lithuanian empire east of the Dnieper River to Russia.[6] After the Partitions of Poland (1772–1795) and conquest of Crimean Khanate, Ukraine was divided between Russia and Austria, thus the largest part of Ukraine was integrated into theRussian Empire, with the rest under Austrian (known as Austro-Hungarian since 1849) control.

chaotic period of warfare ensued after the Russian Revolution, with internationally recognized establishment of an independent Ukrainian People’s Republic. Independent Ukraine emerged from its own civil war. The Ukrainian–Soviet Warfollowed, which resulted in the Soviet Army establishing control in late 1919[7]Soviet victory. The conquerors created theUkrainian Soviet Socialist Republic, which on 30 December 1922 became one of the founding republics of the Soviet Union. The Soviet government was hostile to Ukrainian language and Ukrainian culture; there were mass repressions of Ukrainian poets, historians and linguists. Then there was a genocide of Ukrainians: millions of people starved to death in 1932 and 1933 in the Holodomor. After the 1939 invasion of Poland by Nazi Germany and Soviet Union, the Ukrainian SSR’s territory was enlarged westward. During World War II the Ukrainian Insurgent Army tried to reestablish Ukrainian independence and fought against both Nazi Germany and the Soviet Union. But in 1941 Ukraine was occupied by Nazi Germany, being liberated in 1944. In 1945, the Ukrainian SSR became one of the founding members of the United Nations.[8] In 1954, it expanded to the south with the transfer of the Crimea.

Ukraine became independent again when the Soviet Union dissolved in 1991. This dissolution started a period of transition to amarket economy, in which Ukraine suffered an eight-year recession.[9] Since then, however, the economy has experienced a high increase in GDP growthUkraine was caught up in the worldwide economic crisis in 2008 and the economy plunged. GDP fell 20% from spring 2008 to spring 2009, then leveled off as analysts compared the magnitude of the downturn to the worst years of economic depression during the early 1990s.[10]

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Leaked U.S. phone call about Ukraine draws anger from Russia, EU | The Rundown | PBS NewsHour | PBS


Victoria Nuland’s alleged explicit comments about the EU’s involvement in Ukraine has caused controversy. Photo by Greece’s Ministry of Foreign Affairs on Flickr  A taped and leaked telephone conversation between two U.S. politicians about the future of Ukrainian politics — which included an explicit comment about the European Union — has caused a diplomatic flap, exacerbating tensions between the United States and Russia.

Victoria Nuland’s alleged explicit comments about the EU’s involvement in Ukraine has caused controversy. Photo by Greece’s Ministry of Foreign Affairs on Flickr
A taped and leaked telephone conversation between two U.S. politicians about the future of Ukrainian politics — which included an explicit comment about the European Union — has caused a diplomatic flap, exacerbating tensions between the United States and Russia.

Leaked U.S. phone call about Ukraine draws anger from Russia, EU | The Rundown | PBS NewsHour | PBS.

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Sviatoslav Richter plays Grieg Lyric Pieces – Op.65 No.6 ‘Wedding day at Troldhaugen’


Sviatoslav Richter plays Grieg Lyric Pieces – Op.65 No.6 ‘Wedding day at Troldhaugen

  • The image of Russian pianist Sviatoslav Richte...

    The image of Russian pianist Sviatoslav Richter (1915-1997) (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

    Sviatoslav Richter

    Pianist
  • Sviatoslav Teofilovich Richter was a Soviet pianist well known for the depth of his interpretations, virtuoso technique, and vast repertoire. He is widely considered one of the greatest pianists of the 20th century. Wikipedia
 

 

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Ippolitov-Ivanov – Caucasian Sketches Suite No. 1


Ippolitov-Ivanov – Caucasian Sketches Suite No. 1
Arthur Fagen and National Symphony Orchestra of Ukraine
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