Tag Archives: us supreme court

THIS DAY IN THE YESTERYEAR: Plessy v. Ferguson: “Separate but Equal” Ruled Constitutional (1896)


Plessy v. Ferguson: “Separate but Equal” Ruled Constitutional (1896)

In this case, the US Supreme Court upheld a Louisiana statute mandating racially segregated railroad cars, ruling that the equal protection clause of the 14th Amendment dealt with political and not social equality. This provided constitutional sanction for the adoption of the Jim Crow laws. Justice Henry Billings Brown wrote the majority opinion, stating that “separate but equal” laws did not imply one race’s inferiority to another. What prompted Homer Plessy to serve as the case’s plaintiff? More… Discuss

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LANDMARK US SThis Day in the Yesteryear: SUPREME COURT DECISION GUARANTEES RIGHT TO COUNSEL (1963)


Landmark US Supreme Court Decision Guarantees Right to Counsel (1963)

After he was accused of breaking into a bar in Florida in 1961, Clarence Gideon was unable to afford a lawyer and was forced to defend himself. Sentenced to five years in prison, he had ample time to study the law, and he began petitioning the courts with the claim that his right to legal counsel had been violated. In 1963, the US Supreme Court agreed with him, establishing that state courts were required to provide attorneys for poor defendants. What happened when Gideon was retried?More… Discuss

This Day in the Yesteryear: Thurgood Marshall Confirmed as First African-American US Supreme Court Justice (1967)


Thurgood Marshall Confirmed as First African-American US Supreme Court Justice (1967)

The great-grandson of a slave and the first African American to serve on the US Supreme Court, Marshall was appointed by President Lyndon B. Johnson at the height of the Civil Rights movement. As a lawyer, he won 29 of the 32 cases he argued before the Supreme Court, including the landmark Brown v. Board of Education and others that established equal protection for African Americans in housing, voting, employment, and education. What church has included Marshall in its calendar of saints? More… Discuss