Tag Archives: Vladimir Lenin

Today In History. What Happened This Day In History


Today In History. What Happened This Day In History

A chronological timetable of historical events that occurred on this day in history. Historical facts of the day in the areas of military, politics, science, music, sports, arts, entertainment and more. Discover what happened today in history.

Today in History
December 30

1460   The Duke of York is defeated and killed by Lancastrians at the Battle of Wakefield.
1803   The United States takes possession of the Louisiana area from France at New Orleans with a simple ceremony, the simultaneous lowering and raising of the national flags.
1861   Banks in the United States suspend the practice of redeeming paper money for metal currency, a practice that would continue until 1879.
1862   The draft of the Emancipation Proclamation is finished and circulated among President Abraham Lincoln’s cabinet for comment.
1905   Governor Frank Steunenberg of Idaho is killed by an assassin’s bomb.
1922   Soviet Russia is renamed the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics.
1932   The Soviet Union bars food handouts for housewives under 36 years of age. They must now work to eat.
1947   Romania’s King Michael is forced to abdicate by Soviet-backed Communists. Communists now control all of Eastern Europe.
1965   Ferdinand E. Marcos is sworn in as the Philippine Republic’s sixth president.
1972   After two weeks of heavy bombing raids on North Vietnam, President Nixon halts the air offensive and agrees to resume peace negotiations with Hanoi representative Le Duc Tho.
1976   Governor Carey of New York pardons seven inmates, closing the book on the Attica uprising.
2006   Saddam Hussein, former Iraq dictator, is executed by hanging for crimes committed against his own people during his rule.
Born on December 30
1865   Rudyard Kipling, British author (Jungle Book, Soldiers Three).
1867   Simon Guggenheim, philanthropist and U.S. senator for Colorado.
1884   Tojo Hideki, Japanese Prime Minister during World War II.
1928   Bo Diddley, blues composer and singer.
1935   Sandy Koufax, Hall of Fame left-handed pitcher with the L.A. Dodgers.

– See more at: http://www.historynet.com/today-in-history#sthash.21paDIlW.dpuf

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today’s birthday: Leon Trotsky (1879)


Leon Trotsky (1879)

Trotsky was a Russian Communist revolutionary whose ideas form the basis of Trotskyism, a Communist ideology based on the theory of worldwide revolution. He was a key figure in the 1917 Bolshevik Revolution in Russia and organized the Red Army in the civil war that followed. After a power struggle with Joseph Stalin in the 1920s, Trotsky was exiled from the USSR. In 1940, he was assassinated in Mexico by a Spanish Communist with alleged ties to Stalin. From whom did he borrow the name “Trotsky”? More… Discuss

THIS DAY IN THE YESTERYEAR: STALIN APPOINTED GENERAL SECRETARY OF THE COMMUNIST PARTY (1922)


Stalin Appointed General Secretary of the Communist Party (1922)

After the October Revolution of 1917, Stalin began to emerge as a leader within the new Russian regime. He became one of Lenin’s top aides and was appointed general secretary of the Communist Party in 1922. Although Lenin expressed misgivings about Stalin’s use of power and recommended his removal, Stalin maintained his position and went on to take control of the USSR following Lenin’s death. Born Joseph Dzhugashvili, he adopted the surname Stalin in 1913. What does the name mean? More… Discuss

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THE IROQUOIS THEATER FIRE (1903)


The Iroquois Theater Fire (1903)

Billed as “absolutely fireproof,” Chicago’s Iroquois Theater was filled with mostly women and children—out of school for the holidays—for a matinée on December 30, 1903, when a curtain caught fire. One actor tried calming the audience, but panic spread. Many escape routes were unmarked, and a stampede ensued. As people fled, the cold air they let in fed the inferno. More than 575 people died—a death toll more than double that of the famed 1871 Chicago Fire. What show had packed the theater? More… Discuss