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Cripta di San Vito Vecchio (Gravina in Puglia) fine XIII – inizio XIV secolo.ī


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Cripta di San Vito Vecchio (Gravina in Puglia) fine XIII – inizio XIV secolo.

Tolontan: După ce establishmentul medical a năvălit la TV, în primul rând la „Sinteza zilei”, să ne calce în picioare, am primit un mesaj


Suntem o tara intreaga la cheremul unor psihopati! Suntem cu toti prinsi aproape fara scapare din acest cerc  vicios al coruptiei ce ne ucide lent zi de zi: Cercul sistemului putred numit Romania reala unde coruptia ucide!

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Raluca Ion
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Tolontan: After the medical establishment stormed the TV, primarily to “Daily summary” We trample, I received a message
yesterday at 17
It is known, in short, the scandal disinfectants. On long, it’s about the series of surveys that Catalin Tolontan and team of investigative journalists from Gazeta Sport showed that hospitals in Romania are widely used disinfectants from businesses Hexi Pharma, disinfectants in which the active substances have been diluted up to ten times . In short, again, it is a system. A system that fails to protect those who really matter: the patients.

“We went after a company as felt journalist Mona Dîrţu in a commentary Tuesday (nr 27 April) fb, but by the system,” wrote in one of the surveys, journalists who had series investigations about Hexi Pharma.

In an interview for Republica.ro journalist Catalin Tolontan says that it all started in December 2015 with a message.

“After we published in December 2015 testimony of a doctor from the Hospital for Burns on” biological bomb that wounded were treated at Collective ” Establishment medical jumped as burned. And rushed over to television, first on “Synthesis Day,” to trample us. Then I got a message from a man inside Hexi Pharma: “If you want to know more about another crucial factor of hospital infections, looking for me.” We met several times and gained confidence. It gave us recipes which asserted that occur diluted disinfectants. Everything seemed hard to believe because I was convinced that the state controls and that this was not possible, “says the journalist. There followed five months of investigation and interviews “Every time I talk to someone in the office is crisp, denied, saying” That’s what the law requires, more than we can not. ” Then insisted to lead us in the hallway. There took us by the shoulders and told us “- Go, please continue.” Well refers to your job! “- Nothing, please continue, do not leave.” That happens to the upper floors of the health system. Maybe it’s the hypocrisy, but there’s more: the feeling of suffocation that, come what may, must come out. It’s the feeling of doctors, directors of the ministry, “says Catalin Tolontan.

We reproduce below the full interview:

In your opinion, which is how the authorities (Ministry of Health, Prosecutor, DNA, DIICOT) ought to act after series of investigations related to the Hexi Pharma?

No journalist can provide the service that the state fails to provide. We do not know how the authorities had to act. We strive to stay within our profession.

But hundreds of hospitals are used disinfectants manufactured by Hexi Pharma?

Speaking of hospitals, we can give the audience an insight of how long the five months since the investigation began and until publication. To understand better the atmosphere. Every time you talk to someone in the office is crisp, denied, saying “That’s what the law requires, more than we can not.” Then insisted to lead us in the hallway. There took us by the shoulders and told us: “Continue, please continue.” Well refers to your job!  “Nothing, please continue, do not leave.” That happens to the upper floors of the health system. Maybe it’s the hypocrisy, but there’s more: the feeling of suffocation that, come what may, must come out. It’s the feeling of doctors, directors of the ministry.

If you put on a board, we made this experience, knew the names of institutions on documents, irregularities such firms and silent, think about what it’s called that ?! There’s a word, but you’re afraid to write it and that can be considered crazy. We may collect testimonies.

What is the right course of action that you’ve imagined when you began to publish the series of surveys? To what extent it resembles what happens now?

We expected the government to react more quickly and firmly to protecting patients. Even if the actual figure of 5%, but not 5% of hospitalized patients means of Romanians 200,000 per year, of which 40,000 are children. Know any drug in this world who have dangerous effects incidence of 5% ?! It’s enormous.

You have revealed that since 2012 authorities had information on possible crimes committed by Dan Condrea without doing anything with them.

If you put on a board, we made this experience, knew the names of institutions on documents, irregularities such firms and silent, think about what it’s called that ?! There’s a word, but you’re afraid to write it and that can be considered crazy. We may collect testimonies.

In your opinion, what were the chances that the use of substances diluted to continue as long without the connivance of men decision makers in the health system and doctors?

The investigation started that way. After we published in December 2015 testimony of a doctor from the Hospital for Burns on “biological bomb that wounded were treated at Collective” Establishment medical jumped as burned. And rushed over to television, first on “Synthesis Day,” to trample us. Then I got a message from a man inside Hexi Pharma: “If you want to know more about another crucial factor of hospital infections, looking for me.” We met several times and gained confidence. It gave us recipes which asserted that occur diluted disinfectants. Everything seemed hard to believe because I was convinced that the state controls and that this was not possible. It took us months to understand the system and all authorities to admit that the state did in the last decade, no single test concentration! It seems to us the most important thing I told the people! When the state of hospitals and doctors abdicates, anything is possible. As one commenter on the blog where we post investigation: Condrea is the trigger, but her hand rule.

Not only in Romania, but everywhere struggling against enslavement of the medical profession to the pharma industry. Even doctors have a problem with that. You do not go to medical school to be allied companies, but support patients. Doctors ethics which I am sure will win.

Investigative journalists have shown over time the relationship of dependence that doctors have towards private firms (they pay, for example, expensive trips to congresses). How can cut this link counterproductive and dangerous for the patient?

As firefighters thought it was normal to be sponsored by those that control them, and knew this Raed Arafat, as in the medical field is considered normal. It’s a wide discussion worldwide. My feeling is that these things will stop because people do not swallow it. Not only in Romania, but everywhere struggling against enslavement of the medical profession to the industry pharma . Even doctors have a problem with that. You do not go to medical school to be allied companies, but support patients. Doctors ethics which I am sure will win.

From your knowledge, how many Dan Condrea exist in Romania?

I do not know. But I know that for each Dan Condrea, there are hundreds of Romanian who work hard and respect their peers. Mirela Neag called me last night, my colleague. It was tuflită. “Are you tired?” I ask. “Not. I cried. I reread what I wrote today, I reviewed the images Astoria and I do not believe in whose hands we have left together. A whole country at the mercy of psychopaths. ”

We are aware that it is the riskiest our investigation in the last 20 years. On its own way. If you look at their biography, that some are already the second time in prison, the story rackeţii Moldovan firms in Cyprus and Bulgaria, think a little and risks. First time to seriously reflect physical hazards

What pressures on journalists have been documenting and publishing the Gazette during investigations?

There was no, but we are aware that it is the riskiest our investigation in the last 20 years. On its own way. If you look at their biography, that some are already the second time in prison , the story rackeţii Moldovan firms in Cyprus and Bulgaria, think a little and risks. First time to seriously reflect physical hazards. And there’s a reason: people so devoid of empathy and discernment are capable of anything. They do not have much to lose.

What made you continue to go as Mona Dîrţu journalist wrote after the system?

It’s the kind of investigative journalism and professional feelings that I, and other colleagues from Mirela Sports Gazette I lived many times. But it’s the first of this magnitude to our colleague Razvan Luţac. Razvan made a decisive contribution. He is 23 years old and is already 7 years in the newsroom. And I feel proud that a young journalist for 23 years has brought people so much information. When the princes and kings Health disinfectants trade will wonder where they were fired, leaving crap strangers, services, or who knows what interest. To know this: a journalist for 22 years has revealed! Changing generations and, somehow, that this investigation would not have ever existed without the Collective, it is the legacy that we leave younger journalists. They need to be motivated, it’s their time to go after the system! And I think that’s valid throughout Romania, in all professions.

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Likeuri
Chronological
diana time
yesterday at 23
begin to believe that we also have investigative journalists true! Congratulations!
read more
Like 3
Sorin Codreanu
yesterday at 22
I think we do not know 1% of what happens in this country ‘under the table’.
read more
Like 2
Abraham Magdalena
yesterday at 22
Dl.Tolontan thank you, but it’s very hard to think of all the consequences of this investigation! Somehow or another we are all, or should be touched! I honestly feel bad, nor can comment! Nausea and revolt!
read more
Like 0
Titi Litra
yesterday at 21
I think these journalists should be protected in the rest of their days; what mess I did not get out of the house safely. but those who should protect them are also accomplices to theft, public opinion there, so were sacrificed for a nation of … guess what …
read more
Like 3
Laurentiu Borta
yesterday at 20
The word to be said is genocide!
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Like 1
Ion Marinescu
yesterday at 19
A simple question: how is it possible that a company which inflate the price of 70 times to win so many contracts? What’s the point to talk about product compliance. One such firm is impossible not to be involved in acts of corruption. It is obvious that this corruption is not limited to company-hospital relationship manager but is coordinated centrally from the ministry.
read more
Like 1
Agape
yesterday at 19
My question is: why so few of the “intellectuals” and journalists engage with society in which they live? Why C. Tolontan and others who theoretically should write about the joys and problems of sport, do more for uncovering corruption in Romania on Dilema Veche or contributors can read articles and knotted deznoada topic I cringe abstract metaphysics, but investigative journalist any social adevarata.Cred they do not and those who are a step or more behind them, they will not be touched by the effects of corruption Roman society? Is cheating them, life will show that you can not live in an ivory tower and maybe if you go to live in Hawaii what is happening in Romanian society do not touch directly. Remember Joseph Sava? He died of nosocomial infections.
read more
Like 2
Anton Neculai
yesterday at 18
Respect Tolontan AND SUCCESS !!! entire team
read more
Like 11
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Catalin Tolontandisinfectants scandalHexi Pharma
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http://republica.ro/tolontan-dupa-ce-establishmentul-medical-a-navalit-pe-la-televizoare-in-primul-rand-la-zsinteza-zilei

O, ce mult este urâtă această invenție de către industria de benzină: Inventie in ROMANIA: masina care merge 5000 de km cu trei litri de apa – Alternative News Romania


 
Inventie in ROMANIA: masina care merge 5000 de km cu trei litri de apa

Alternative News Romania   auto  , bacau  , inginer  , inventie  , masina  , merge cu apa  , motor ecologic  , romania
Un inginer din Bacău a inventat motorul ecologic care arde hidrogenul şi eliberează în aer oxigenul, urmând ca în scurt timp să primească omologarea de la Institutul de Motoare Termice din Graz – Austria.

BUCUREŞTI, 3 mai — Sputnik. Gheorghe Bordeianu, inginer TCM, a obţinut în 1985 brevetul pentru motorul care merge 5000 de km cu trei litri de apă, informează recentnews.ro si sputnik.md

Gheorghe Bordeianu are de 50 ani, este inginer şi a reușit să creeze primul motor care merge doar cu apă. Inventatorul spune că mașina dotată cu motorul creat de el consumă trei litri de apă la 5000 de kilometri. Este de fapt un generator de ioni care separă hidrogenul de oxigen. Dispozitivul se ataşează motoarelor clasice şi înlocuiește alimentarea cu benzină sau motorină. Preţul unui astfel de motor este de aproximativ 200-300 lei românești.

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From Erin Brockovich : Fire hydrant testing and water main flushing taking place in Hannibal | KHQA


Let the dumping begin…

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In the past 24-hours, over 2,500 people have signed a petition on change.org seeking my help in a fight against a major polluter… Formosa Plastic Group a Taiwan-United States… an International Conglomeration. http://www.fpcusa.com

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Not sure where to begin… but I will… and with everyone’d help, we can try to give these hard working people some glimmer of hope.

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Approximately 30,000 people participate in La Tomatina, an annual festival held on the last Wednesday in August in the Spanish town of Buñol. A weeklong festival features music, parades, dancing, and fireworks, but it is the tomato fight that draws the crowds. During the battle, more than 100 metric tons of overripe tomatoes are thrown in the streets. Participants must follow certain safety guidelines during the event, and wearing goggles is recommended. When does the tomato throwing begin? More… Discuss

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One of the tragic figures of 1960s pop music, the left-handed Hendrix taught himself to play the guitar, which he held upside down. His appearance at the Monterey Pop Festival in 1967 and the success of the album Are You Experienced? lifted him to instant stardom. A year after his legendary performance at Woodstock in 1969, Hendrix died at age 27 of an apparently accidental barbiturate overdose. Hundreds of people attended his funeral, including which well-known musicians? More… Discuss

this pressed: Cei mai bogaţi terorişti din istorie. Cum a reuşit Statul Islamic să adune în doar câţiva ani o avere fabuloasă | adevarul.ro


În doar câţiva ani, reţeaua extremistă sunnită Statul Islamic (SI) a reuşit să-şi asigure independenţa financiară şi să devină cea mai bogată structură teroristă din istorie. Potrivit cotidianului francez Le Figaro, patrimoniul din teritoriile ocupate de SI este în valoare de 2.260 de miliarde de dolari, în timp ce bugetul pe 2015 al reţelei extremiste ajunge la 2,6 miliarde de euro.Ştiri pe aceeaşi temă FOTO „Fetele Soarelui“ jură să se răzbune pe jihadiştii din Statul Isl… Kerry: SUA pot neutraliza Statul Islamic mai repede decât au anihilat …Cum a reuşit Statul Islamic să adune această avere fabuloasă, inclusiv cu ajutorul Irakului şi al Franţei?Statul Islamic este cea mai puternică structură teroristă din lume. Califatul său, autoproclamat de jihadişti în vara anului 2014 în teritoriile ocupate în Siria şi în Irak, se întinde pe o suprafaţă cât jumătate din cea a Franţei, care are peste 640.000 de kilometri pătraţi. Teritoriile ocupate de SI sunt locuite de aproximativ zece milioane de persoane şi sunt bogate în diverse resurse naturale (cereale, zăcăminte de petrol, gaze şi fosfaţi etc.), vestigii istorice, de cultură şi artă.În prezent, Statul Islamic este o entitate financiară autonomă, spre deosebire de reţeaua teroristă al-Qaida, care depinde în mare parte de sponsori. Structura jihadistă ocupă teritorii cu un patrimoniu evaluat la 2.260 de miliarde de dolari şi are un buget pe 2015 estimat la 2,6 miliarde de euro, potrivit unor date furnizate pentru Le Figaro de Jean-Charles Brisard, un expert în finanţarea terorismului care conduce Centrul de Analiză a Terorismului. Această avere îi permite Statului Islamic să lanseze operaţiuni armate, să-i înarmeze, hrănească şi plătească pe cei 30.000 de combatanţi ai săi, să achite pensii familiilor militanţilor ucişi, să întreţină baze militare, să administreze teritoriile ocupate, să realizeze înregistrări video de propagandă, să „reeduce profesorii“ şi să ademenească ingineri şi comercianţi în vederea exploatării puţurilor petroliere şi gazeifere aflate sub controlul său. În plus, Statul Islamic îşi permite să aibă un sistem economic „normal“, prevăzut cu servicii publice şi de protecţie socială.Pe 16 noiembrie, G20 a făcut apel la „consolidarea luptei împotriva finanţării terorismului“, semn că doar acţiunile militare nu sunt suficiente. Dar lupta împotriva finanţelor SI nu se anunţă deloc uşoară, ţinând cont de faptul că reţeaua extremistă şi-a diversificat sursele de venit.Patrimoniu în valoare de 2.260 de miliarde de dolari, în creşterePatrimoniul SI a ajuns de-acum la 2.260 de miliarde de dolari, potrivit ultimelor estimări ale lui Jean-Charles Brisard, care vor fi făcute publice la sfârşitul lunii. Valoarea acestui patrimoniu creşte de la an la an. Anul trecut, patrimoniul SI a fost evaluat la 2.043 de miliarde de dolari. Estimarea include toate resursele naturale şi siturile arheologice şi culturale din teritoriile ocupate de SI.Buget pe 2015 de 2,6 miliarde de euro, în creştereStatul Islamic obţine venituri convenţionale, asemeni unui stat în toată regula, cât şi în urma unor activităţi specifice economiei subterane, asemeni unui grup infracţional sau unei structuri teroriste. Deşi Statul Islamic nu îşi publică veniturile şi cheltuielile, specialiştii în finanţarea terorismului au reuşit totuşi să facă estimări privind finanţele sale, iar tendinţele sunt coerente. Grosul veniturilor SI vine din resursele naturale (60%), ponderea petrolului reprezentând 24%, în scădere, în timp ce activităţile de natură infracţională asigură 40% din bugetul structurii teroriste, în creştere cu 24% faţă de anul trecut.Veniturile din petrol, doar un sfert din bugetul SI, în scădereVeniturile obţinute din exploatarea şi prelucrarea petrolului ar urma să ajungă la peste 563 de milioane de euro în 2015. Ele au scăzut drastic de la precedentele estimări datând din octombrie 2014 (aproximativ 940 de milioane de euro). Două cauze au contribuit la această tendinţă de scădere. În primul rând, preţul petrolului s-a prăbuşit în 2015, de la 100 de dolari pe baril în 2014 la mai puţin de 50 de dolari pe baril în acest an. Dar Statul Islamic îşi vinde petrolul mult sub preţul pieţii, mai exact la 25 de dolari pe baril. În al doilea rând, coaliţia occidentală a efectuat, din august 2014, aproximativ 10.000 de atacuri aeriene contra unor poziţii ale SI, fiind ţintite în special rafinării, oleoducte şi camioane de transport.Potrivit unei ample cercetări publicate de Financial Times, veniturile din petrol ale SI se ridică la 1,4 milioane de euro pe zi, adică aproximativ 516 milioane de euro pe an, la o producţie cuprinsă între 35.000 şi 40.000 de barili pe zi. Aceste date au fost furnizate de comercianţi şi ingineri prezenţi la faţa locului.Statul Islamic produce petrol atât pentru propriile nevoi, cât şi pentru export, vânzându-l chiar şi opozanţilor săi din Siria. Deşi este vizată de embargo, reţeaua extremistă reuşeşte să-şi vândă petrolul pe piaţa neagră, exportându-l….(read More)

Source: Cei mai bogaţi terorişti din istorie. Cum a reuşit Statul Islamic să adune în doar câţiva ani o avere fabuloasă | adevarul.ro

‘Frankenfish’ salmon coming soon to a supermarket near you


News24US.comWhat’s for dinner? Before long, it may well be genetically modified salmon, the first such altered animal cleared for human consumption in the United States.Critics call it “frankenfish,” but the Food and Drug Administration granted its approval on Thursday, saying the faster-growing salmon is safe to eat. It could be available in a couple of years.“There are no biologically relevant differences in the nutritional profile of AquAdvantage Salmon compared to that of other farm-raised Atlantic salmon,” the agency said.The Obama administration had stalled in approving the salmon for more than five years amid consumer concerns about genetically modified foods. The fish grows twice as fast as normal salmon, so it reaches market size more quickly.AquAdvantage Salmon is engineered by the Massachusetts-based company AquaBounty. Ron Stotish, the company’s CEO, said in a statement that the fish is a “game changer that brings healthy and nutritious food to consumers in an environmentally responsible manner without damaging the ocean and other marine habitats.”AquaBounty said the fish could be on grocery store shelves in about two years, which is how long it takes the salmon to grow.Once the salmon reach stores, consumers may not know they are eating them. Because there are no material differences between an engineered and a normal salmon, the FDA says the law does not require the fish to be labeled as engineered. AquaBounty says that genetically modified salmon have the same flavor, texture, color and odor as the conventional fish.The FDA released separate wording that would set guidelines for retailers who do want to label the fish, along with additional guidance for voluntary labeling of genetically modified plant foods.Some retailers have said they won’t sell the fish at all — retailers Whole Foods, Trader Joe’s, Target and Kroger have all said they are not planning to sell AquAdvantage Salmon.Critics have pressured retailers to reject the salmon, which they have labeled “Frankenfish.” They worry it could cause human allergies and the eventual decimation of the natural salmon population if it escapes into the wild.“There’s no place on our dinner plates for genetically engineered fish,” said Lisa Archer of the environmental advocacy group Friends of the Earth. “We will continue to work to ensure the market, from grocery retailers to restaurants, continues to listen to the majority of consumers that don’t want to eat this poorly studied, unlabeled genetically engineered fish.”Just hours after the announcement, another advocacy group, The Center for Food Safety, said it would sue FDA to block the approval.Alaska Sen. Lisa Murkowski, a Republican, has said the engineered salmon could harm her state’s wild salmon industry. She took to the Senate floor to criticize the FDA shortly after the announcement, saying she was “spitting mad.” She and other Alaska and Pacific Northwest lawmakers said they will swiftly push legislation to mandate labeling of the modified fish.The FDA said the salmon will be allowed to be raised only in land-based, contained hatchery tanks at two facilities in Canada and Panama, and that other facilities in the US or elsewhere cannot breed or raise the salmon for human consumption. Those restrictions limit the amount of food the company can produce.The agency said that there are “multiple and redundant levels of physical barriers” in the facilities to prevent the escape of fish. The fish would be bred to be female and sterile, so if any did escape, they should not be able to breed.The salmon has an added growth hormone from the Pacific Chinook salmon that allows that fish to produce growth hormone all year long. Engineers have been able to keep the hormone active by using another gene from an eel-like fish called an ocean pout that acts like an “on” switch. Typical Atlantic salmon produce the growth hormone for only part of the year.Bernadette Dunham, director of the FDA’s Center for Veterinary Medicine, said the agency “has thoroughly analyzed and evaluated the data and information” submitted by AquaBounty. To approve an engineered animal for human consumption, the agency reviews a company’s data and must determine that the food is safe to eat, that the engineering is safe for the fish and that the company’s claim — in this case, faster growth — is accurate.AquaBounty’s Stotish said he is hopeful the fish will gain consumer acceptance as people learn more about it.“We think time and education and information may allow many of these folks to change their mind,” he said of critics.

Source: ‘Frankenfish’ salmon coming soon to a supermarket near you

today’s holiday: Great American Smokeout


Great American Smokeout

The American Cancer Society encourages nonsmokers to “adopt” smokers on this day and support them as they go through withdrawal from nicotine—a drug that is said to be as addictive as heroin. Schools are particularly active in observing the Smokeout, teaching young people that the easiest way to avoid the health problems associated with smoking is never to start. Other organizations also sponsor programs and activities designed to increase public awareness of the hazards to which both smokers and those who breathe their smoke are exposed. More… Discuss

Turkey fans boo moment of silence for Paris attacks, then chant ‘Allahu Akbar’


Video: Turkey fans boo moment of silence for Paris attacks, then chant ‘Allahu Akbar’


Published on Nov 18, 2015

Nov. 17, 2015 – Video: Turkey Fans Boo Moment of Silence for Paris Attacks, Then Break Out Into This Chant. What was supposed to be a moment of silence to honor the victims of the Paris attacks devolved into a wave of vitriolic booing during Turkey’s game against Greece on Tuesday, which ended 0-0 with more than 17,000 people in attendance.

Turkish fans booed a minute of silence for those killed in #ParisAttacks during a match with #Greece. pic.twitter.com/lP56oXUO19 — Zaid Benjamin (@zaidbenjamin) November 17, 2015

“Our fans should have behaved during the national anthems and during the one minute silence,” Turkey’s manager Fatih Terim said after the match. “Greece is our neighbor. Today is world neighbors day, but our fans didn’t behave like neighbors in this match.”

Reuters reporter Ece Toksabay was at the game and reported hearing chants of “Allahu Akbar,” a claim also reported by CBS, among others.

Istanbul fans boo minute of silence for Paris attacks, chant “Allahu akbar” before Turkey vs Greece soccer friendly — Ece Toksabay (@ecetoksabay) November 17, 2015

this is my last tweet on this as i’m being bombarded with threats&insults, Allahuakbar loud&clear after 2nd minute https://t.co/dojeLvPCuG — Ece Toksabay (@ecetoksabay) November 17, 2015

The Four Humors


The Four Humors

In the 3rd century BCE, Hippocrates introduced his theory of Humoralism. It was based on the notion that 4 fluids, each corresponding to one of the 4 elements, permeate the human body and cause disease when not in balance. Theories regarding the 4 humors—blood, black bile, yellow bile, and phlegm—expanded over the years, and in the 2nd century CE, Galen published a treatise which associated a specific temperament with each humor. What humor was thought to cause a melancholic disposition? More… Discuss

This Pressed At EUZICASA: Ţară fără autorizaţie: 93% din şcolile din România nu au autorizaţie de la pompieri, Arena Naţională a fost închisă de ISU, Guvernul face apel la patronii de discoteci | adevarul.ro


Doar aproape 1.300 de şcoli din România, reprezentând 7% din numărul total de 19.000 de şcoli, au autorizaţie de la pompieri, potrivit situaţiei prezentate sâmbătă de premierul interimar Sorin Cîmpeanu, care deţine totodată şi portofoliul de ministru al Educaţiei.Ştiri pe aceeaşi temă Incendiu la Colectiv. Cluj Arena, stadionul care a găzduit cel ma… Cum a fost posibil ca Arena Naţională să funcţioneze mai bine de patru… Pentru ce nereguli poate închide ISU cluburile, discotecile, restauran…Premierul interimar Sorin Cîmpeanu a declarat, sâmbătă, într-o conferinţă de presă la Palatul Victoria, că 7% din şcolile din România, respectiv 1.295 din totalul de 19.000, au autorizaţie de la Inspectoratul pentru Situaţii de Urgenţă, restul neavând astfel de documente. “Asta este realitatea”, a spus Cîmpeanu.
Oficialul i-a mai avertizat pe patronii cluburilor să respecte normele de siguranţă pentru că se vor confrunta cu controale şi vor fi închise pe loc dacă se constată nereguli. “Dacă prindem un club sau o discotecă care depăşeste cifrele prevăzute prin autorizaţie, o închidem pe 60 de zile şi o să amendăm între 30 şi 100.000 de lei, aşa cum prevede legea. (…) Vor fi controale şi astăzi, şi mâine, şi poimâine, continuu”, a punctat şi secretarul de stat Raed Arafat. La rândul său, ministrul Sănătăţii, Nicolae Bănicioiu, întrebat câte spitale sunt fără autorizaţie de la pompieri, a răspuns că sunt în evaluare şi săptămâna viitoare va fi făcut public acest bilanţ. Meciul Steaua – FC Botoşani, contând pentru etapa a XVII-a a Ligii I, se va disputa la Cluj-Napoca, după ce autorităţile au constatat că Arena Naţională din Bucureşti nu avea autorizaţie de securitate la incendiu.Secretarul de stat Raed Arafat a declarat, însă, la Guvern, că există soluţii tehnice, astfel încât Arena Naţională să primească autorizaţia. De asemenea, nici stadionul Cluj Arena nu deţine autorizaţie.

Source: Ţară fără autorizaţie: 93% din şcolile din România nu au autorizaţie de la pompieri, Arena Naţională a fost închisă de ISU, Guvernul face apel la patronii de discoteci | adevarul.ro

 

this pressed: Tragedia din Colectiv: Alte şapte persoane rănite în incendiu au murit. Numărul deceselor a ajuns la 39 | adevarul.ro


Alte şapte persoane rănite în incendiul din Clubul Colectiv au murit, sâmbătă, la Spitalul de Arşi şi la cel Universitar, dar şi în Olanda, numărul celor care şi-au pierdut viaţa în tragedie ajungând astfel la 39.Ştiri pe aceeaşi temă România în stradă pentru a patra zi la rând. Peste 3.000 de oameni au … Apelul unui tânăr din diaspora pentru românii din ţară: „Adriane, Tudo… Cine sunt reprezentanţii societăţii civile care au refuzat să particip…UPDATE 16.30 Violonistul André Rieu a ajuns sâmbătă după-amiază, la Bucureşti, pentru a aduce un omagiu victimelor incendiului din Clubul Colectiv şi pentru a face o donaţie pentru ajutorarea acestora. „Când am auzit despre ceea ce s-a întâmplat singurul lucru la care m-am gândit a fost să vin aici cu voi şi să plâng cu voi, singurul lucru pe care vi-l pot oferi e muzica mea şi sper să vă ajute“, a declarat, în faţa Clubului Colectiv, muzicianul.UPDATE 16.20 Doi răniţi în incendiul de la Clubul Colectiv sunt transportaţi, cu două avioane SMURD, sâmbătă după-amiază, la spitale din Austria. UPDATE 16.10 – Preşedintele Klaus Iohannis a postat pe Facebook următorul mesaj: „Sunt cu gândul şi cu sufletul alături de familiile îndoliate, care au primit astăzi vestea tragică a dispariţiei celor dragi, aflaţi în suferinţă în spitale. Dumnezeu să-i odihnească!“UPDATE 15.15 Încă un pacient a muritÎncă un pacient a murit, sâmbătă după-amiază, la Spitalul de Arşi din Capitală. Potrivit unor surse medicale, bărbatul care a decedat se numeşte Alexandru Chelba şi avea 33 de ani, transmite Mediafax. Alex este al treilea rănit în incendiul din Clubul Colectiv care a murit sâmbătă în Spitalul de Arşi. Purtătorul de cuvânt al Spitalului Clinic de Chirurgie Plastică, Reparatorie şi Arsuri, Adrian Stănculea, a declarat că tânărul era în stare gravă, având arsuri pe o suprafaţă mare din corp, dar şi arsuri pe căile respiratorii.Alţi doi răniţi în incendiul de la Colectiv vor fi transportaţi în AustriaAlţi doi pacienţi răniţi în incendiul din Clubul Colectiv ar urma să fie transportaţi în Austria şi există discuţii cu autorităţile din Finlanda şi Norvegia pentru a stabili câţi pacienţi pot prelua, a precizat sâmbătă premierul interimar, adăugând că toate costurile vor fi suportate de guvern.UPDATE 12.10 Încă o persoană rănită în incendiul de la Clubul Colectiv, internată la Spitalul Floreasca, în stare critică, a murit.Potrivit lui Raed Arafat, alţi doi pacienţi au murit după ce au ajuns în Olanda. „Azi dimineaţă au decolat cele două avioane. unul spre Rotterdam, unul spre Bruxelles. Toţi pacienţii au sosit cu bine la destinaţie. Ulterior, am primit mesaje că la doi dintre ei s-a agravat starea, intrând în stop cardiac. Sub resuscitare, s-a încercat la un spital din Rotterdam resuscitarea, fără succes. Celălalt pacient a murit la sosirea în spital, tot în Rotterdam. Pacienţii au fost însoţiţi de medici cu experienţă în transportul aerian, au avut îngrijire la cel mai înalt nivel, dar din păcate asta s-a întâmplat. Astăzi pregătim cele două avioane SMURD, fiecare cu capacitate de a transporta un pacient, şi urmează să efectuăm transportul după ce vom avea acceptul colegilor din Austria, care au două locuri pentru noi şi, bineînţeles, după ce avem şi acordul familiilor“, a declarat Arafat. În Olanda au murit un român şi un italian.Prim-ministrul interimar, Sorin Cîmpeanu, a subliniat că „mai rămân internate în spital 107 persoane, dintre acestea 48 în stare gravă şi patru în stare critică“.„Evoluţia este imprevizibilă. Cazurile pe care le tratez… unele merg foarte bine, iar a doua zi dau înapoi, după care putem să ne aşteptăm aproape la orice“, a precizat şi Dan Mircea Enescu, director medical al Spitalului de Copii „Grigore Alexandrescu“.Incendiul de la Clubul Colectiv. Lascăr: Riscul vital, în a doua săptămânăProfesorul Ioan Lascăr, şef Chirurgie plastică la Spitalul Floreasca: „Ce se întâmplă în prezent nu face decât să confirme ceea ce am precizat despre particularităţile acestui eveniment de la început. Există şi minuni, dar conform manualelor de specialitate, în astfel de cazuri, indicele de mortalitate este între 30 şi 80%. Am fost asaltaţi de 56 – 58 de cazuri. Evident, le-am păstrat pe cele mai grave. Toţi au fost intubaţi. Chirurgical, toţi pacienţii, ai noştri, dar şi cei de la alte spitale, au fost rezolvaţi. Numărul pacienţilor a depăşit capacitatea oricărui spital european, ne-am consultat şi am văzut că nicio ţară nu ar fi putut acoperi atâtea cazuri deoodată. Pacienţii au fost în totalitate operaţi, am beneficiat de colaborarea unui profesor din Turcia. Aşa cum v-am spus, arsura gravă, asociată cu căi espiratorii, are o traictorie previzibilă, iar riscul vital se desfăşoară în această a doua săptămână“. Sorin Cîmpeanu: „Doresc să mulţumesc Ambasadelor SUA, Marii Britanii, Israel, Turcia, care şi-au oferit disponibilitatea să ne ajute. Acum câteva minute am primit un astfel de mesaj şi din partea Ungariei. Se poate întoarce şi avionul militar din Olanda….

Source: Tragedia din Colectiv: Alte şapte persoane rănite în incendiu au murit. Numărul deceselor a ajuns la 39 | adevarul.ro

Translated by Google Translate

Another seven people injured in the fire in Club Collective died Saturday at Burn Hospital and the University, but also in the Netherlands, the number of those who lost their lives in the tragedy thus reaching Related 39.Ştiri Romania in the street for the fourth day in a row. Over 3,000 young people … call a diaspora Romanians in the country, “Adriane, Tudo … Who are civil society representatives who refused to participate … 16.30 Violinist André Rieu UPDATE arrived Saturday afternoon, Bucharest, to pay tribute to victims of fire and Collective Club to make a donation to help them. “When I heard about what happened the only thing I thought was to come here with you and cry with you, the only thing you I can give is my music and I hope to help you,” the said in front of the club Collectively muzicianul.UPDATE 16.20 Two injured in fire at Club collected is transported by two planes SMURD Saturday afternoon at hospitals in Austria. UPDATE 16.10 – President Klaus Johannis has posted the following message on Facebook: “I’m thinking and soul along with the bereaved families, who today received the tragic news of the disappearance of loved ones suffering in hospitals. God rest them! “Another patient UPDATE 15.15 muritÎncă a patient died Saturday afternoon at Burns Hospital in the capital. According to medical sources, the man who died and had called Alexander Chelba 33, Mediafax. Alex is the third injured in the fire of the Collective Club who died Saturday of Burns Hospital. Hospital spokesman of the Plastic Surgery and Burns, Adrian Stanculea, said the young man was in serious condition with burns over a large area of the body, and burns inland respiratorii.Alţi two injured in fire at Collective be carried in AustriaAlţi two patients injured in the fire in Club Collective would be transported to Austria and there are discussions with authorities in Finland and Norway to determine how many patients can take, said Saturday interim Prime Minister, adding that the costs will be borne The guvern.UPDATE 12.10 Another person injured in fire at Club Collectively hospitalized Floreasca Hospital in critical condition, the murit.Potrivit Raed Arafat, two other patients died after they arrived in the Netherlands. “This morning, two planes took off. one to Rotterdam, one towards Brussels. All patients had arrived safely at their destination. Subsequently, I received a message that two of her condition worsened, going into cardiac arrest. Under resuscitation was attempted resuscitation in a hospital in Rotterdam, without success. The other patient died on arrival at hospital, also in Rotterdam. Patients were accompanied by doctors with experience in air transport had the highest level care, but unfortunately this happened. Today prepare two aircraft SMURD, each with the capacity to transport a patient, and is to carry once we have permission Austrian colleagues, who have two places for us and, of course, after we have the families’ agreement, “he said Arafat. In the Netherlands died a Romanian and a italian.Prim Interim Minister Sorin Cîmpeanu stressed that “107 people remain hospitalized, 48 of them in serious condition and four in critical condition.” “Evolution is unpredictable. The cases that we treat … some going very well, and the day giving back, then we can expect almost anything, “said Dan Mircea Enescu, medical director of the Children’s Hospital” Grigore Alexandrescu “.Incendiul Club of the Collective. Lascar: threatening in the second săptămânăProfesorul Ioan Lascar, head of plastic surgery at Floreasca Hospital: “What is happening today not only confirms what I said about the peculiarities of this event from the beginning. There are miracles, but according to the specialized manuals, in such cases, the mortality index is between 30 and 80%. I was assailed by 56-58 cases. Obviously, I have kept the worst. All were intubated. Surgery, all patients of ours, but also those from other hospitals, have been resolved. The number of patients exceeded the capacity of any European hospital, we consulted and we have seen that no country could cover so many cases deoodată. Patients were fully operate, we benefited from the collaboration of a professor from Turkey. As I said, serious burns, pathways associated with espiratorii has a predictable trajectory and vital risk is conducted in the second week. ” Sorin Cîmpeanu: “I want to thank the Embassies of USA, Great Britain, Israel, Turkey, who have offered their willingness to help. A few minutes ago I received such a message and from Hungary. It turns and military aircraft in the Netherlands…

Source: Collective Tragedy: Seven people injured in the fire died. The number of deaths reached 39 | adevarul.ro

today’s birthday: Marie Curie (1867)


Marie Curie (1867)

Marie Curie was a Polish-born French physical chemist. She married fellow physicist Pierre Curie in 1895, and together they discovered the elements radium and polonium—which Marie named after her native Poland. They also distinguished alpha, beta, and gamma radiation. For their work on radioactivity—a term she coined—the Curies shared the 1903 Nobel Prize for Physics with Henri Becquerel. This made Marie the first woman to receive a Nobel Prize. In 1911, she became the first person to win what? More… Discuss

Recapitulation Theory


Recapitulation Theory

The now discredited theory of recapitulation, also known as the biogenetic law, states that the stages in an organism’s embryonic development and differentiation (ontogeny) correspond to the stages of evolutionary development characteristic to its species (phylogeny). Ernst Haeckel, who proposed the theory in 1866, produced a number of controversial embryo drawings to support this premise. How did he interpret the presence of gill slits in human embryos? More… Discuss

Pulse Palpation


Pulse Palpation

A pulse is caused by the alternate expansion and contraction of artery walls as heart action varies blood volume within the arteries. The arteries become distended during systole, or heart contraction, and their walls contract during diastole, when the heart relaxes. The pulse, measured in beats per minute, can be felt at a number of points throughout the human body, but is most commonly palpated at the wrist or neck. Where are the pulse points in the lower limbs? More… Discuss

this pressed, Public Safety – , System to Recall Defective Tires ‘Completely Broken,’ Says Official – NBC News


Access the NTSB’S Website, should you have complaints, HERE

“The panel of NTSB investigators unanimously recommended that Congress require tire registration, and also recommended that drivers register their tires with the manufacturer The federal recall system that is supposed to keep potentially dangerous car tires off the road is “completely broken,” federal officials said Tuesday.At a meeting in Washington, accident investigators from the National Transportation Safety Board said that while each year tire problems cause 33,000 accidents and kill 500-plus motorists, only one in five defective tires is being taken out of service via recalls. More than half of recalled tires remain in use, investigators found.”Based on the work we did, that system is not working,” said Dr. Rob Molloy, acting director of the NTSB’s Office of Highway Safety. Access the site HERE

Access the NTSB’S Website, should you have complaints, HERE

The federal recall system that is supposed to keep potentially dangerous car tires off the road is “completely broken,” federal officials said Tuesday.At a meeting in Washington, accident investigators from the National Transportation Safety Board said that while each year tire problems cause 33,000 accidents and kill 500-plus motorists, only one in five defective tires is being taken out of service via recalls. More than half of recalled tires remain in use, investigators found.”Based on the work we did, that system is not working,” said Dr. Rob Molloy, acting director of the NTSB’s Office of Highway Safety. “It is completely broken.”The problem, according to an NTSB report, is that tire manufacturers can’t reach tire owners to warn them. Independent tire dealers aren’t required to register the tires they sell with manufacturers, and so most don’t. Though 3.2 million tires were recalled between 2009 and 2013, most of the drivers using them were unaware of the recalls. NTSB experts told the board that even mechanics have no way of knowing when tires have been recalled.”Why can’t a service tech tell me if my tires are recalled,” NTSB Vice Chairman T. Bella Dinh-Zarr asked.”The main reason for that,” answered investigator Robert Squire, “is there’s no easy way to do it.”Sean Kane, the founder of Safety Research and Strategies, a firm that monitors potential hazards in consumer projects, said drivers would be surprised to learn that there’s no government or industry database to notify owners or mechanics about recalled tires.Said Kane, “I think it’s shocking to consumers to know that when they go into a shop to have their tires inspected, that no one can tell them whether they’ve got a recalled tire on their car in 2015.”At Tuesday’s meeting, investigators gave examples of fatal accidents linked to defective tires, including a multi-passenger van that crashed in Lake City, Florida in 2014. The driver thought he had an issue with a tire, but since the defect was internal couldn’t find the problem and kept driving. The tire failed and the van flipped over. Two passengers were killed eight were injured.The tire had been recalled more than a year earlier because of an internal defect, but hadn’t been registered with the tiremaker.In 2014, Joan Morro was killed and her husband injured after a recalled tire on a pickup truck blew and forced their Dodge Durango off the road on Interstate 95 in South Carolina. Their son Frank alleges in a civil suit that the accident was caused by a tire on the truck that had been recalled by Michelin.”My father was fractured from head to toe,” said Frank Morro. “He had multiple brain bleeds, skull fractures and a left orbit fracture.”The panel of NTSB investigators unanimously recommended that Congress require tire registration, and also recommended that drivers register their tires with the manufacturers. Registering tires requires sending your name, address and tire identification number with the company that made it. The number is on the tire sidewall and starts with the letters DOT.

Source: System to Recall Defective Tires ‘Completely Broken,’ Says Official – NBC News

Access the NTSB’S Website, should you have complaints, HERE

this pressed: HEALTH – DIABETES: Pictures of Famous People With Diabetes|via WebMD


tom hanks

The Oscar-winning actor announced he has type 2 diabetes when late-night host David Letterman commented on his newly slim figure in October 2013. “I went to the doctor and he said, ‘You know those high blood sugar numbers you’ve been dealing with since you were 36? Well, you’ve graduated. You’ve got type 2 diabetes, young man.'” Hanks added that the condition is controllable, but he joked that he couldn’t get back down to his high-school weight of 96 pounds. “I was a very skinny boy!

This WebMD slideshow presents pictures of celebrities with type 1 or type 2 diabetes including Halle Berry, Larry King, and Nick Jonas from The Jonas Brothers.

Source: Pictures of Famous People With Diabetes

this pressed: Public Health: Top 10 Vaccine-Preventable Diseases in Pictures|via WebMD


whooping cough infection

2. Whooping Cough (Pertussis) What it is: A lung infection that makes it hard to breathe due to severe coughing. How you get it: People can breathe in the pertussis bacteria when someone who has whooping cough coughs or sneezes. Why it’s serious: It can be life-threatening, especially in babies less than 1 year old. Whooping cough can lead to pneumonia, seizures, and slowed or stopped breathing. Get the WebMD list of the top 10 vaccine-preventable diseases, including measles, whooping cough, flu, polio, pneumococcal disease, meningococcal disease, mumps, Hib, tetanus, and hepatitis B.

2. Whooping Cough (Pertussis)

What it is: A lung infection that makes it hard to breathe due to severe coughing.

How you get it: People can breathe in the pertussis bacteria when someone who has whooping cough coughs or sneezes.

Why it’s serious: It can be life-threatening, especially in babies less than 1 year old. Whooping cough can lead to pneumonia, seizures, and slowed or stopped breathing.

Get the WebMD list of the top 10 vaccine-preventable diseases, including measles, whooping cough, flu, polio, pneumococcal disease, meningococcal disease, mumps, Hib, tetanus, and hepatitis B.

Source: Top 10 Vaccine-Preventable Diseases in Pictures|via WebMD

this pressed: Glycohemoglobin (HbA1c, A1c) |via Web MD


Hemoglobin

n5551170.jpg

Illustration copyright 2000 by Nucleus Communications, Inc. All rights reserved. http://www.nucleusinc.com Hemoglobin is the substance in red blood cells that carries oxygen. ByHealthwise Staff Primary Medical ReviewerE. Gregory Thompson, MD – Internal Medicine Specialist Medical ReviewerBrian Leber, MDCM, FRCPC – Hematology Current as ofMarch 12, 2014 WebMD Medical Reference from Healthwise Last Updated: March 12, 2014 This information is not intended to replace the advice of a doctor. Healthwise disclaims any liability for the decisions you make based on this information. © 1995-2015 Healthwise, Incorporated. Healthwise, Healthwise for every health decision, and the Healthwise logo are trademarks of Healthwise, Incorporated. (click to access the website)


Illustration copyright 2000 by Nucleus Communications, Inc. All rights reserved. http://www.nucleusinc.com

Hemoglobin is the substance in red blood cells that carries oxygen.

ByHealthwise Staff
Primary Medical ReviewerE. Gregory Thompson, MD – Internal Medicine
Specialist Medical ReviewerBrian Leber, MDCM, FRCPC – Hematology

Current as of March 12, 2014

Medical Reference from Healthwise

Last Updated: March 12, 2014
This information is not intended to replace the advice of a doctor. Healthwise disclaims any liability for the decisions you make based on this information.

 Further Reading:

*******************************************************************

Glycohemoglobin (HbA1c, A1c)

A glycohemoglobin test, or hemoglobin A1c, is a blood test that checks the amount of sugar (glucose) bound to the hemoglobin camera.gif in the red blood cells. When hemoglobin and glucose bond, a coat of sugar forms on the hemoglobin. That coat gets thicker when there’s more sugar in the blood. A1c tests measure how thick that coat has been over the past 3 months, which is how long a red blood cell lives. People who have diabetes or other conditions that increase their blood glucose levels have more glycohemoglobin (sugar bound to hemoglobin) than normal.

An A1c test can be used to diagnose prediabetes or diabetes. The A1c test checks the long-term control of blood glucose levels in people with diabetes. Most doctors think checking an A1c level is the best way to check how well a person is controlling his or her diabetes.

A home blood glucose test measures the level of blood glucose only at that moment. Blood glucose levels change during the day for many reasons, including medicine, diet, exercise, and the level of insulin in the blood.

It is useful for a person who has diabetes to have information about the long-term control of blood sugar levels. The A1c test result does not change with any recent changes in diet, exercise, or medicines.

Glucose binds to hemoglobin in red blood cells at a steady rate. Since red blood cells last 3 to 4 months, the A1c test shows how much glucose is in the plasma part of blood. This test shows how well your diabetes has been controlled in the last 2 to 3 months and whether your diabetes treatment plan needs to be changed.

Source: Glycohemoglobin (HbA1c, A1c)| via WebMD

Power Plant Families Experience Pain | Power Plant Men


This hard hat sticker expresses the bond that exists within the Power Plant family more than it was originally intended.  After Randy Dailey gave me a stack of these a few years after I left the plant, I have kept these stickers handy to remind me of that bond.

I was reminded of this bond this past week when Ben Davis reached out to me to let me know that Ray Eberle’s wife Barbara passed away the previous Friday.  I knew that Barbara was very ill, and that Ray has been by her side almost constantly for the past year caring for her, so I was not surprised by the news.

Source: Power Plant Families Experience Pain | Power Plant Men

quotation: Washington Irving ( quotation: Washington Irving ( “The Legend of Sleepy Hollow”-Audio-book – YouTube)


A woman is more considerate in affairs of love than a man; because love is more the study and business of her life.

Washington Irving (1783-1859) Discuss

The Legend of Sleepy Hollow – FULL Audio Book – by Washington Irving (1783-1859)

Opting out: Inside corporate America’s push to ditch workers’ comp – ProPublica


One Texas lawyer is helping companies opt out of workers’ compensation and write their own rules. What does it mean for injured workers?

Source: Opting out: Inside corporate America’s push to ditch workers’ comp – ProPublica

today’s birthday: Typhoid Mary (1869)


Typhoid Mary (1869)

Mary Mallon was the first person in the US to be identified as a healthy carrier of typhoid fever. In 1904, a typhoid epidemic was traced to homes where she had been a cook. She fled but was located by authorities and forcibly quarantined for several years. In 1910, she was released on the condition that she not take another food-handling job. Discovered cooking again in 1914, she was quarantined for life. Though she herself never had the disease, she infected about 50 people. How many died? More… Discuss

historic musical bits: Horowitz plays Schumann Blumenstück (1966 live)


Horowitz plays Schumann Blumenstück (1966 live)

today’s holiday: Mobile-Phone Throwing World Championship


Mobile-Phone Throwing World Championship

The Mobile-Phone Throwing World Championship takes place in August in Savonlinna, Finland. The light-hearted event offers several categories for men, women, and teams: original, which is based on distance; freestyle, based on distance, style, aesthetics, and creativity; and juniors, which is limited to children 12 years old and under. First-place winners get a new mobile phone. Since the inaugural competition in 2000, several European countries—including Norway, Switzerland, and Germany—have introduced their own national championships. More… Discuss

Tough lessons to learn from Hiroshima and Nagasaki: just war, nuclear disarmament :: Catholic News Agency (CNA)


Ruins of Nagasaki, shortly after the Aug. 9, 1945 atomic bombing of the city the United States. Public Domain, via National Archives and Records Administration.

By Kevin J. Jones

Denver, Colo., Aug 6, 2015 / 12:10 pm (CNA/EWTN News).- The 70th anniversary of the US atomic strikes on Japan has prompted reflection, commemoration, and debate about the ethics of war and the world’s nuclear arsenal.

“There’s no winning in nuclear war,” Maryann Cusimano Love, an international relations professor at the Catholic University of America, told CNA. Hiroshima and Nagasaki teach “how horrific nuclear war is.”

“Many folks are not aware of how many nuclear weapons remain with us today and how dangerous these arsenals are,” she continued. “That is why the Catholic Church has continued to argue that we have to get rid of nuclear weapons, that the presence of these weapons is very dangerous for human life and very destabilizing.”

Seventy years ago, the only wartime use of nuclear weapons took place in the Aug. 6 attack on Hiroshima and the Aug. 9 attack on Nagasaki by the United States.

The Hiroshima attack killed around 80,000 people instantly and may have caused about 130,000 deaths, mostly civilians. The attack on the port city of Nagasaki killed about 40,000 instantly and destroyed a third of the city, the BBC reports.

The attacks took a heavy toll on all of Japan’s population, but Nagasaki was a historic center of Catholicism since European missionaries such as St. Francis Xavier arrived in the 16th century. After Japan’s rulers closed the country, in part due to fears of foreign domination, Japanese Catholics survived centuries of persecution before their freedom of religion was secured again in the 19th century.

via Tough lessons to learn from Hiroshima and Nagasaki: just war, nuclear disarmament :: Catholic News Agency (CNA).

picture of the day: The Trinity Atomic Bomb Test



The Trinity Atomic Bomb Test

Just before dawn on July 16, 1945, the first atomic test bomb was exploded at a site called Trinity in the New Mexican desert. It was the culmination of 28 months of intense scientific research conducted under the leadership of physicist Dr. J. Robert Oppenheimer (seen above) under the code name Manhattan Project. The successful atomic test was witnessed by only one journalist, William L. Laurence of the New York Times, who described seeing the blinding explosion: ‘One felt as though he had been privileged to…be present at the moment of the Creation when the Lord said: Let There be Light.’ Oppenheimer’s own thoughts from the Hindu Bhagavad-Gita were very different: ‘I am become death, the shatterer of worlds.’

Photo: Library of Congress

this day in the yesteryear: First Test of a Nuclear Weapon (1945) One of the darkest day in human history!


First Test of a Nuclear Weapon (1945)

Called the Trinity test, the first test of a nuclear weapon was conducted by the US in New Mexico on what is now White Sands Missile Range. The detonation of the implosion-design plutonium bomb—the same type used on Nagasaki, Japan, a few weeks later—was equivalent to the explosion of approximately 20 kilotons of TNT, and is usually considered the beginning of the Atomic Age. It is said that the scientists who observed the detonation set up a betting pool on what the result would be. Who won? More… Discuss

Carbon Monoxide


Carbon Monoxide

Carbon monoxide is a colorless, odorless, tasteless, and extremely poisonous gas. It is present in the exhaust of internal-combustion engines, such as in automobiles, and is generated in coal stoves, furnaces, and gas appliances that do not get enough air. Breathing air that contains as little as 0.1% carbon monoxide by volume can be fatal; a concentration of about 1% can cause death within a few minutes. What are the early symptoms of carbon monoxide poisoning? More… Discuss

Pool parasite can live in chlorine for ten days – UPI.com


The Centers for Disease Control recommends that swimmers shower before geting in the pool to prevent them from carrying infectious bacteria into the water. Photo: Monkey Business Images/shutterstock

The Centers for Disease Control recommends that swimmers shower before geting in the pool to prevent them from carrying infectious bacteria into the water. Photo: Monkey Business Images/shutterstock

ATLANTA, June 29 (UPI) — The Centers for Disease Control is warning swimmers to shower before going into the pool in order to avoid spreading the chlorine-resistant pathogen cryptosporidium, which has caused several outbreaks in recent years.

While E. coli and norovirus are killed within hours by chemicals used for treating pools, cryptosporidium survives in pools and hot tubs for up to ten days, and can cause gastrointestinal problems such as diarrhea.

“This parasite is extremely chlorine-resistant,” Michele Hlavsa, an epidemiologist at the CDC, told CBS News. “Swimmers bring it into the water when they are sick with diarrhea.”

Researchers reviewed data from 2011 and 2012, finding that 90 outbreaks related to recreational water resulted in at least 1,788 cases, 95 hospitalizations and 1 death, according to the CDC’s study, which is published on its website.

Of the outbreaks, 77 percent of them were in treated bodies of water such as pools and spas.

Cryptosporidium was responsible for 52 percent of the treated water outbreaks, and was also responsible for 54 percent of all the outbreaks cause by infectious pathogens.

“Since 1988, the year that the first U.S. treated recreational water-associated outbreak of Cryptosporidium was detected, the number of these outbreaks reported annually has significantly increased,” researchers wrote in the report.

If contracted, the parasite can be cleared from the body in about two to three weeks, however it can be fatal in a person with a weakened immune system, Hlavasa said.

“With these outbreaks, we see they disproportionately affect young children,” Hlavasa told ABC News. “They’re the ones who can go to a pool and young children tend to carry lots of germs.”

The CDC recommends swimmers shower before entering the pool, not swallow the water, and not urinate or defecate in the water while swimming; swimmers are discouraged from entering pools altogether if they have diarrhea.

Like Us on Facebook for more stories from UPI.com

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via Pool parasite can live in chlorine for ten days – UPI.com.

Is your health yours, or in the hands of the unregulated food industry? BPA messes with your hormones—and it’s in these canned foods— Mother Jones (@MotherJones)


Cellophane (safest food grade packaging)


Cellophane

Cellophane is a thin, transparent sheet or tube of regenerated cellulose, which is the chief constituent of the cell walls of plants. It is used in packaging, as a membrane for dialysis, and can be moisture-proofed. Invented in 1908, cellophane is made by dissolving cellulose alkali, aging it, then regenerating it by forcing it through a slit into a dilute acid solution where it precipitates. Cellophane sales have dwindled because of the presence of what pollutant in its production process? More… Discuss

Corporate America is obsessed w #Millennials. But health care companies are focused on parents— CNNMoney (@CNNMoney)


How Does Dry Cleaning Work?


How Does Dry Cleaning Work?

Dry cleaning is the process of cleaning fabrics without water. Special solvents and soaps are used so as not to harm fabrics. The practice began in France in the middle of the 19th century, after a dye-works owner noticed that his tablecloth became cleaner after his maid spilled kerosene on it. Early solvents were extremely flammable and led to many fires and explosions. Newer chlorinated hydrocarbon synthetic solvents, such as perchlorethylene, are nonflammable but pose what other dangers? More… Discuss

Kraft removing synthetic colors from iconic macaroni & cheese | Reuters (question: Are food formulators human, or some alien beings, completely different from the rest of us?)


A box of Kraft Velveeta shells and cheese is displayed in a grocery store in New York March 25, 2015. Reuters/Eduardo Munoz

(Reuters) – Kraft Foods Group Inc on Monday said it is revamping its family-friendly macaroni and cheese meal, removing synthetic colors and preservatives from the popular boxed dinner.

The move comes at a time when Kraft is battling sluggish demand as consumers shift to brands that are perceived as healthier, including foods that are organic or less processed.

The company has also been targeted by consumer advocacy groups. The groups have pressured Kraft to remove artificial food dyes from its products, complaining that the additives are not used, and in some cases, banned in other countries.Kraft spokeswoman Lynne Galia said the changes were being made to address concerns expressed by consumers, including demands for improved nutrition and “simpler ingredients.”

“We know parents want to feel good about the foods they eat and serve their families,” Galia said in an emailed statement about the changes to its macaroni and cheese product.

Galia said the changes will be effective by January 2016 for “Original Kraft Macaroni & Cheese” in the United States. The company is also removing synthetic colors by the end of 2016 in Canada for its Kraft Dinner Original.

In 2014, Kraft launched its Mac & Cheese Boxed Shapes with no synthetic colors, and in January of this year, the Northfield, Illinois-based company moved to no artificial preservatives for the Boxed Shapes product in the United States, the company said.

Kraft also said it is replacing synthetic colors with those derived from natural sources, like paprika, annatto and turmeric.

Heather White, executive director of the Environmental Working Group, an advocacy organization for health and environmental issues, applauded Kraft’s move and said it should be an example for other companies.

“The announcement from Kraft should be a wake-up call for other food manufacturers to take notice, go back to the drawing board, reformulate and get rid of these synthetic ingredients of concern, especially in food that is marketed to children,” White said.

Kraft Foods is one of North America’s largest consumer packaged food and beverage companies, with annual revenues of more than $18 billion. Its brands include Capri Sun, Jell-O, Kool-Aid, Lunchables, Maxwell House and Oscar Mayer.

Kraft shares were up about 1 percent at $87.58 on Monday.

(Reporting by Carey Gillam in Kansas City, Missouri; Additional reporting by Anjali Athavaley in New York; Editing by G Crosse and Lisa Shumaker)

via Kraft removing synthetic colors from iconic macaroni & cheese | Reuters.

Champagne


Champagne

The word “Champagne,” when capitalized, refers specifically to the white, sparkling wine made in the Champagne region of France. Generally, production begins with the fermentation of grapes with low sugar and high acid levels to produce a still wine, which is blended with other wines, a small amount of sugar and yeast, and stored. During the second fermentation, carbon dioxide is trapped in the bottle. How should Champagne be poured in order to preserve the bubbles? More… Discuss

this pressed for….TRANSPARENCY: U.S. Nerve Gas Hit Our Own Troops in Iraq| via NEWSWEEK/REUTERS


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Atef Hassan/Reuters

U.S. Nerve Gas Hit Our Own Troops in Iraq

By Barbara Koeppel 3/27/15 at 11:52 AM

Atef Hassan/Reuters

Filed Under: U.S., Iraq War

During and immediately after the first Gulf War, more than 200,000 of 700,000 U.S. troops sent to Iraq and Kuwait in January 1991 were exposed to nerve gas and other chemical agents. Though aware of this, the Department of Defense and CIA launched a campaign of lies and concocted a cover-up that continues today.

A quarter of a century later, the troops nearest the explosions are dying of brain cancer at two to three times the rate of those who were farther away. Others have lung cancer or debilitating chronic diseases, and pain.

More complications lie ahead.

via U.S. Nerve Gas Hit Our Own Troops in Iraq.| NEWSWEEK/REUTERS

this day in the yesteryear: Ireland Bans Smoking in All Public Places (2004)


Ireland Bans Smoking in All Public Places (2004)

In the latter part of the 20th century, research on the health risks of secondhand tobacco smoke spurred legislative bodies throughout the world to consider smoking bans. On March 29, 2004, Ireland became the first country to implement a nationwide ban on smoking in public places, including all enclosed workplaces. Many nations have since followed with similar legislation. Which Pope instituted the first known public smoking ban in 1590 by threatening smokers with excommunication? More… Discuss

this day in the yesteryear: Three Mile Island nuclear power plant radiation release Accident (1979)


Three Mile Island Accident (1979)

Both mechanical failure and human error contributed to the 1979 failure of a nuclear reactor cooling system at the Three Mile Island Nuclear Generating Station in Pennsylvania, which led to overheating, partial melting of the reactor’s uranium core, and the release of radioactive gases. Though it caused no immediate deaths or injuries, the incident increased public fears about the safety of nuclear power. What nuclear accident-themed film was released just two weeks before the incident? More… Discuss

this day in the yesteryear: Exxon Valdez Oil Spill (1989)


Exxon Valdez Oil Spill (1989)

On March 24, 1989, the Exxon Valdez oil tanker hit Prince William Sound’s Bligh Reef and spilled approximately 11 million US gallons (41 million liters) of crude oil into the sea, covering 11,000 square miles (28,000 km²) of ocean. As a result of the spill, an estimated 250,000 sea birds, 1,000 sea otters, and countless fish and other wildlife died. The ship’s captain was widely criticized after the incident, but many others factors contributed to the crash. What are some examples? More… Discuss

I stand with @ewg in opposing the chemical industry’s bill that will harm families – RT if you stand with us!


Adulterated food


Adulterated food

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Adulterated food is impure, unsafe, or unwholesome food. In the United States, the Food and Drug Administration (FDA), regulates and enforces laws on food safety and has technical definitions of adulterated food in various United States laws.

History

Products that are adulterated under these laws’ definitions cannot enter into commerce for human consumption. In India, food adulteration is increasing daily.

Adulteration Definition

“Adulteration” is a legal term meaning that a food product fails to meet federal or state standards. Adulteration is an addition of a non food item to increase the quantity of the food item in raw form or prepared form, which may result in the loss of actual quality of food item. Among meat and meat products one of the items used to adulterate are water, dead carcasses, Carcasses of animals other than the animal meant to be consumed.

1938 – Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act== The Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic (FD&C) Act (1938) provides that food is “adulterated” if it meets any one othe following criteria: (1) it bears or contains any “poisonous or deleterious substance” which may render it injurious to health; (2) it bears or contains any added poisonous or added deleterious substance (other than a pesticide residue, food additive, color additive, or new animal drug, which are covered by separate provisions) that is unsafe; (3) its container is composed, in whole or in part, of any poisonous or deleterious substance which may render the contents injurious to health; or (4) it bears or contains a pesticide chemical residue that is unsafe. (Note: The United States Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) establishes tolerances for pesticide residues in foods, which are enforced by the FDA.)

Food also meets the definition of adulteration if: (5) it is, or it bears or contains, an unsafe food additive; (6) it is, or it bears or contains, an unsafe new animal drug; (7) it is, or it bears or contains, an unsafe colour additive; (8) it consists, in whole or in part, of “any filthy, putrid, or decomposed substance” or is otherwise unfit for food; or (9) it has been prepared, packed, or held under unsanitary conditions (insect, rodent, or bird infestation) whereby it may have become contaminated with filth or rendered injurious to health.

Further, food is considered adulterated if: (10) it has been irradiated and the irradiation processing was not done in conformity with a regulation permitting irradiation of the food in question (the FDA has approved irradiation of a number of foods, including refrigerated or frozen uncooked meat, fresh or frozen uncooked poultry, and seeds for sprouting [21 C.F.R. Part 179].); (11) it contains a dietary ingredient that presents a significant or unreasonable risk of illness or injury under the conditions of use recommended in labeling (for example, foods or dietary supplements containing aristolochic acids, which have been linked to kidney failure, have been banned.); (12) a valuable constituent has been omitted in whole or in part or replaced with another substance; damage or inferiority has been concealed in any manner; or a substance has been added to increase the product’s bulk or weight, reduce its quality or strength, or make it appear of greater value than it is (this is “economic adulteration”); or (13) it is offered for import into the United States and is a food that has previously been refused admission, unless the person reoffering the food establishes that it is in compliance with U.S. law [21 U.S.C. § 342].

Federal Meat Inspection Act and the Poultry Products Inspection Act

The Federal Meat Inspection Act and the Poultry Products Inspection Act of 1957 contain similar provisions for meat and poultry products. [21 U.S.C. § 453(g), 601(m).

Poisonous or deleterious substances

Generally, if a food contains a poisonous or deleterious substance that may render it injurious to health. It can cause various harms. It is adulterated. For example, apple cider contaminated with E. coli O157:H7 and Brie cheese contaminated with Listeria monocytogenes are adulterated. There are two exceptions to this general rule. First, if the poisonous substance is inherent or naturally occurring and its quantity in the food does not ordinarily render it injurious to health, the food will not be considered adulterated. Thus, a food that contains a natural toxin at very low levels that would not ordinarily be harmful (for instance, small amounts of amygdalin in apricot kernels) is not adulterated.

Second, if the poisonous or deleterious substance is unavoidable and is within an established tolerance, regulatory limit, or action level, the food will not be deemed to be adulterated. Tolerances and regulatory limits are thresholds above which a food will be considered adulterated. They are binding on FDA, the food industry, and the courts. Action levels are limits at or above which FDA may regard food as adulterated. They are not binding on FDA. FDA has established numerous action levels (for example, one part per million methylmercury in fish), which are set forth in its booklet Action Levels for Poisonous or Deleterious Substances in Human Food and Animal Feed.

If a food contains a poisonous substance in excess of a tolerance, regulatory limit, or action level, mixing it with “clean” food to reduce the level of contamination is not allowed. The deliberate mixing of adulterated food with good food renders the finished product adulterated (FDA, Compliance Policy Guide [CPG § 555.200]).

Filth and foreign matter of adulteration

Filth and extraneous material include any objectionable substances in foods, such as foreign matter (for example, glass, metal, plastic, wood, stones, sand, cigarette butts), undesirable parts of the raw plant material (such as stems, pits in pitted olives, pieces of shell in canned oysters), and filth (namely, mold, rot, insect and rodent parts, excreta, decomposition). Under a strict reading of the FD&C Act, any amount of filth in a food would render it a, however, authorize the agency to issue Defect Action Levels (DALs) for natural, unavoidable defects that at low levels do not pose a human health hazard [21 C.F.R. § 110.110]. These DALs are advisory only; they do not have the force of law and do not bind FDA. DALs are set forth in FDA’s Compliance Policy Guides and are compiled in the FDA and Center for Food Safety and Applied Nutrition (CFSAN) Defect Action Level Handbook.

In most cases, DALs are food-specific and defect-specific. For example, the DAL for insect fragments in peanut butter is an average of thirty or more insect fragments per 100 grams (g) [CPG § 570.300]. In the case of hard or sharp foreign objects, the DAL, which is based on the size of the object and the likelihood it will pose a risk of choking or injury, applies to all foods (see CPG § 555.425).

Economic-adulteration

A food is adulterated if it omits a valuable constituent or substitutes another substance, in whole or in part, for a valuable constituent (for instance, olive oil diluted with tea tree oil); conceals damage or inferiority in any manner (such as fresh fruit with food coloring on its surface to conceal defects); or any substance has been added to it or packed with it to increase its bulk or weight, reduce its quality or strength, or make it appear bigger or of greater value than it is (for example, scallops to which water has been added to make them heavier).

Microbiological contamination and adulteration of food

The fact that a food is contaminated with pathogens (harmful microorganisms such as bacteria, viruses, or protozoa) may, or may not, render it adulterated. Generally, for ready-to-eat foods, the presence of pathogens will render the food adulterated. For example, the presence of Salmonella on fresh fruits or vegetables or in ready-to-eat meat or poultry products (such as luncheon meats) will render those products are adulterated.

For meat and poultry products, which are regulated by USDA, the rules are more complicated. Ready-to-eat meat and poultry products contaminated with pathogens, such as Salmonella or Listeria monocytogenes, are adulterated. (Note that hotdogs are considered ready-to-eat products.) For raw meat or poultry products, the presence of pathogens will not always render a product adulterated (because raw meat and poultry products are intended to be cooked, and proper cooking should kill pathogens). Raw poultry contaminated with Salmonella is not adulterated. then also, USDA’s Food Safety and Inspection Service (FSIS) has ruled that raw meat or poultry products contaminated with E. coli O157:H7 are adulterated. This is because normal cooking methods may not reduce E. coli O157:H7 below infectious levels. E. coli O157:H7 is the only pathogen that is considered an adulterant when present in raw meat or poultry products.

Enforcement actions

If a food is adulterated, FDA and FSIS have a broad array of enforcement tools.They are of various types. These include seizing and condemning the product, detaining imported product, enjoining persons from manufacturing or distributing the product, or requesting a recall of the product. Enforcement action is usually preceded by a Warning Letter from FDA to the manufacturer or distributor of the adulterated product. In the case of an adulterated meat or poultry product, FSIS has certain additional powers. FSIS may suspend or withdraw federal inspection of an official establishment. Without federal inspection, an establishment may not produce or process meat or poultry products, and therefore must cease operations. With the exception of infant formula, neither FDA nor FSIS has the authority to require a company to recall an adulterated food product. However, the ability to generate negative publicity gives them considerable powers of persuasion.

State regulators generally have similar enforcement tools at their disposal to prevent the manufacture and distribution of adulterated food. In addition, many states have the authority to immediately embargo adulterated food and to impose civil fines. Federal agencies often will coordinate with state or local authorities to remove unsafe food from the market as quickly as possible.

Food Adulterant Detection
Arhar Pulse Kesarri Pulse Kesari Pulse has a characteristic wedge shape. Larger Kesari resembles Arhar (Tur). It can be separated by visual examination.
Asafoetida Resin and colour Take a little amount of small parts of the sample in test tube. Add 3 ml of distilled water and shake the tube gently. Pure asafoetida dissolves in water very quickly and produces a milky white colour, but in case of adulteration with a chemical colour the mixture turns to be coloured. The purity of asafoetida may also be examined by taking a little amount of it on the tip of a fork and placing the same on the flame of a spirit lamp. Asafoetida burns quickly, producing bright flame and leaving the impurities behind.
Black Pepper Papaya Seeds Papaya seeds do not have any smell and are relatively smaller in size. Adulteration of papaya seed with Black Pepper may be detected by way of visual examination as also by way of smelling.
Coffee powder Cereal starch Take a small quantity (one-fourth of a tea-spoon) of the sample in a test tube and add 3 ml of distilled water in it. Light a spirit lamp and heat the contents to colourize. Add 33 ml of a solution of potassium permanganate and muratic acid (1:1) to decolourize the mixture. The formation of blue colour in mixture by addition of a drop of 1% aqueous solution of iodine indicated adulteration with starch.
Coffee powder Powder of scorched persimmon stones Take a small quantity (1 tea-spoon) of the sample and spread it on a moistened blotting paper. Pour on it, with much care, 3 ml of 2% aqueous solution of sodium carbonate. A red colouration indicates the presence of powder of scorched persimmon stones in coffee powder.
Coriander powder Saw Dust Take a little amount (a half of tea-spoon) of the sample. Sprinkle it on water in a bowl. Spice powder gets sedimented at the bottom and saw-dust floats on the surface.
Cumin Powder Saw Dust Take a little amount (a half of tea-spoon) of the sample. Sprinkle it on water in a bowl. Spice powder gets sedimented at the bottom and saw-dust floats on the surface.
Dry red chilli Rhodamine B colour Take a red chilli from the sample and rub the outer surface with a piece of cotton soaked in liquid paraffin. The sample is adulterated if the cotton becomes red.
Dry turmeric root Metanil yellow colour Take a piece of dry turmeric root and rub the outer surface with a piece of cotton soaked in liquid paraffin. A yellow colouration of cotton indicates adulteration of turmeric root with metanil yellow colour.
Gram powder Kesari powder Take a little amount (a half of a tea-spoon) of the sample in a test tube with 3 ml of distilled water. Add 3 ml of muratic acid. Immerse the tube in warm water. Check the tube after 15 minutes. A violet colouration indicates the presence of Kesari powder in Gram powder.
Gram powder Metanil yellow colour Take a small quantity (a half of a tea-spoon) of the sample in a test tube. Add 3 ml of alcohol. Shake the tube to mix up the contents thoroughly. Add 10 drops of hydrochloric acid in it. A pink colouration indicates adulteration of gram powder with metanil yellow.
Green vegetables like Bitter Gourd, Green Chilli and others Malachite Green Take a small part of the sample and place it on a piece of moistened white blotting paper. The impression of colour on the paper indicates the use of malachite green, or any other low priced artificial colour.
Green vegetables like Bitter Gourd, Green Chilli and others Malachite Green Rub the outer green surface of a small part of the sample with a liquid paraffin soaked cotton. The sample is adulterated when the white cotton turns green.
Jaggery Metanil yellow colour Take a little amount (one-fourth of a tea-spoon) of the sample in a test tube. Add 3 ml of alcohol and shake the tube vigorously to mix up the contents. Pour 10 drops of hydrochloric acid in it. A pink colouration indicates the presence of metanil yellow colour in jaggery.
Jaggery Sodium bicarbonate Take a little amount (one-fourth of a tea-spoon) of the sample in a test tube. Add 3 ml of muratic acid. The presence of sodium carbonate or sodium bicarbonate effects effervescence.
Parched rice Urea Take 30 pieces of parched rice in a test tube. Add 5 ml of distilled water. Shake the tube to mix up the contents thoroughly. After 5 minutes, filter water contents and add to it a little amount (a half of a tea-spoon) of powder of arhar or soyabean. Wait for another 5 minutes and then dip a red litmus paper in the mixture. Lift the paper after 30 seconds and examine it. A blue colouration indicates the use of urea in parched rice.
Pigeon Pea (Toor Dal) Metanil Yellow Take a small handful of the pulse and boil it. Strain the water and grind the boiled peas with a mortar and pestle. Transfer this sample into a test tube and add 10cc of distlled water.Shake the test tube rigorously to mix up the contents thoroughly. Add 10 drops of hydrochloric acid in it. A pink colouration indicates adulteration of peas with metanil yellow.
Processed food, sweetmeat or syrup Metanil Yellow Take little amount (a half of a tea-spoon) of the sample in a test tube. Add 10 drops of muratic acid or hydrochloric acid in it. The appearance of rosy colour indicates adulteration of food with metanil yellow.
Processed food, sweetmeat or syrup Rhodamine B colour The presence of this chemical colour in food is very easy to detect as it shines very brightly under sun. A more precise methods of detection is also there.Take a little amount (a half of a tea-spoon) of the sample in a test tube. Add 3 ml of carbon tetrachloride and shake the tube to mix up the contents thoroughly. The mixture becomes colourless and an addition of a drop of hydrochloric acid brings the colour back when food contains Rhodamine B colour.
Rice Earth, sand, grit, unhusked paddy, rice bran, talc, etc. These adulterants may be detected visually and removed by way of sorting, picking, and washing.
Sweet potato Rhodamine B colour Take a small part of the sample and rub the red outer surface with a piece of cotton soaked in liquid paraffin. The cotton adhering colour indicates the use of Rhodamine B colour on outer surface of the sweet potato.
Tea Leaves Coal Tar Dye Scatter a little amount (1 tea-spoon) of the sample on a moistened white blotting paper. After 5 minutes, remove the sample and examine the paper. A revelation of coloured spots indicates the use of the dye.
Tea Leaves Iron Flakes Spread a small quantity (2 tea-spoon) of the sample on a piece of paper. Draw a magnet over it. Iron flakes, if present, cling to the magnet. The same test may be carried out to trace iron flakes from tea half-dust and iron filings from tea dust.
Tea Leaves Leather Flakes Prepare a paper-ball. Fire the ball and drop a little amount of the sample on it. The presence of leather flakes emits an odour of burnt leather.
Turmeric powder Metanil yellow colour Take a little amount (one-fourth of a tea-spoon) of the sample in a test tube. Add 3 ml of alcohol. Shake the tube to mix up the contents thoroughly. Add 10 drops of muratic acid or hydrochloric acid in it. A pink colouration indicates the use of metanil yellow colour in turmeric powder.
Wheat Earth, sand, grit, chopped straw, bran, unhusked grain, and seeds of weeds. These adulterants may be detected visually and removed by way of sorting, picking, and washing.

New Poll: Americans Want Mandatory Vaccines (because ignorance hurts more than oneself)


New Poll: Americans Want Mandatory Vaccines

A new poll conducted by Ipsos for Reuters found that 78 percent of Americans believe all children should be vaccinated. Just over 70 percent think schools should be able to suspend unvaccinated students during outbreaks of contagious diseases. And 65 … More… Discuss