President James Garfield & Daughter
President James Garfield and his daughter are captured on film.
Photo: Brady-Handy Photograph Collection, Library of Congress.
President James Garfield and his daughter are captured on film.
Photo: Brady-Handy Photograph Collection, Library of Congress.
Like much of Africa, the area that is now Zimbabwe was long controlled by Europeans. In 1922, the 34,000 European settlers chose to become a self-governing British colony, Southern Rhodesia. In 1923, Southern Rhodesia was annexed by the British Crown. A fight for independence took place in the 1970s. An independent constitution was written for Zimbabwe in London in 1979, and independence followed on April 18, 1980. Independence Day is celebrated in every city and district of the nation with political rallies, parades, traditional dances, singing, and fireworks. More… Discuss
In Washington, DC, April 16th is celebrated as Emancipation Day, commemorating the day in 1862 when President Abraham Lincoln signed into law the District of Columbia Emancipation Act, nine months prior to the Emancipation Proclamation. More than 3,000 slaves were freed under this agreement. Since 2005, the date has been a legal holiday in the District. Events are scheduled throughout the preceding week, and the observance culminates on the 16th in a day of festivities and entertainment, beginning with a parade down Pennsylvania Avenue in the morning. More… Discuss
Recognized as the most important female painter of the 18th century, Vigée-Lebrun began painting portraits professionally in her early teens and went on to have a long and successful career. In 1779, she was summoned to Versailles to paint Marie Antoinette, whom she would paint at least 30 more times. At the outbreak of the French Revolution, she fled France and traveled abroad, finding acclaim and prominent sitters wherever she went. Which notable figures did she paint during her travels? More… Discuss
Luis Carballo will be online to discuss his experiences in Chad on Thursday at 15:00 CET. He’ll answer your questions in English, Spanish or French so please post them in the live blog at the foot of this page, email them to firstname.lastname@example.org or Tweet them using the hashtag #askeuronewsluis. You can follow Luis on Twitter @granangular.
For more than a decade, the Islamist group Boko Haram had a limited strategy: to create an Islamic caliphate in northern Nigeria. But now it has spread its terror campaign to neighbouring countries as well.
Chad, Niger and Cameroon have responded with a military alliance which, since January, has been helping the Abuja government.
“What these children have seen, you wouldn’t wish it on your worst enemy.”
In March, Boko Haram signed a deal with ISIL, or the self proclaimed Islamic State. This turned the conflict into an international one, switching on red lights across the region and accelerating a joint offensive.
A chronological timetable of historical events that occurred on this day in history. Historical facts of the day in the areas of military, politics, science, music, sports, arts, entertainment and more. Discover what happened today in history.
Today in History
|1500||The Portuguese explorer Pedro Alvares Cabral searches the coast of Brazil and claims the region for Portugal.|
|1586||Sir Francis Drake launches a surprise attack on the heavily fortified city of Santo Domingo in Hipanola.|
|1698||The Abenaki Indians and Massachusetts colonists sign a treaty halting hostilities between the two.|
|1766||The Old Pretender, son of James III, dies.|
|1788||The Times, London’s oldest running newspaper, publishes its first edition.|
|1808||A U.S. law banning the import of slaves comes into effect, but is widely ignored.|
|1824||The Camp Street Theatre opens as the first English-language playhouse in New Orleans.|
|1830||William Lloyd Garrison publishes the first edition of a journal entitled The Liberator, calling for the complete and immediate emancipation of all slaves in the United States.|
|1863||Confederate General Braxton Bragg and Union General William Rosecrans readjust their troops as the Battle of Murfreesboro continues.|
|1863||President Abraham Lincoln issues the Emancipation Proclamation, freeing the slaves in the Confederacy.|
|1891||Facilities opened on Ellis Island, New York, to cope with the vast flood of immigrants coming into the United States.|
|1907||The Pure Food and Drug Act becomes law in the United States.|
|1915||The German submarine U-24 sinks the British battleship Formidable in the English Channel.|
|1918||The first gasoline pipeline begins operation. Along the 40 miles and three inches of pipe from Salt Creek to Casper, Wyoming.|
|1923||Sadi Lecointe sets a new aviation speed record flying an average of 208 mph at Istres.|
|1937||At a party at the Hormel Mansion in Minnesota, a guest wins $100 for naming a new canned meat–Spam.|
|1945||In Operation Bodenplatte, German planes attack American forward air bases in Europe. This is the last major offensive of the Luftwaffe.|
|1959||Fidel Castro seizes power in Cuba as General Fulgencio Batista flees.|
|1986||As the United States builds its strength in the Mediterranean, Libyan leader Muammar al-Qaddafi threatens to retaliate if attacked.|
|Born on January 1|
|1735||Paul Revere, U.S. patriot.|
|1752||Betsy Ross, flag maker.|
|1879||E.M. [Edward Morgan] Forster, English novelist (A Passage to India, A Room With a View).|
|1895||J. Edgar Hoover, founding director of the Federal Bureau of Investigations (FBI).|
|1919||J.D. [Jerome David] Salinger, U.S. novelist (The Catcher in the Rye, Franny and Zooey).|
Cruz was a Brazilian physician, scientist, and the founder of the Oswaldo Cruz Institute for research and development in biomedical sciences in Rio de Janeiro. As the Director General of Public Health, Cruz took strong measures to combat the bubonic plague, smallpox, and yellow fever in Brazil. He instituted sanitary reforms that included isolating the sick and exterminating the rat population in Rio. What happened when he tried to reinstate a law imposing mandatory smallpox vaccination? More… Discuss
Zeppelin began working with balloons for human transport as an observer during the American Civil War. In 1891, he retired from the Prussian army to devote himself to building motor-driven airships. Zeppelin invented the first rigid airship in 1900, but the experiment exhausted his funds. Luckily, public opinion was so strongly in favor of his airship project that donations largely financed his future work. Whom did his granddaughter later threaten to sue for sullying her family’s name? More… Discuss
“Princess Caraboo” was a famous imposter in 19th-century England. Her real-name was Mary Baker, and she was a cobbler’s daughter. She invented a fictitious language and created an exotic persona, claiming to be Princess Caraboo from the island of Javasu. She alleged that she had been captured by pirates but managed to jump from their ship and swim to safety. For several weeks, Princess Caraboo enjoyed the hospitality and company of local society. How was her true identity finally uncovered? More… Discuss
Barras was a Provençal nobleman who became disenchanted with the royal regime and joined the French Revolution. When, after the fall of the monarchy, a war dictatorship replaced it, Barras played a key role in overthrowing Maximilien Robespierre and ending the Reign of Terror. Eventually given command of the army of the interior and the police, he suppressed a royalist uprising in 1795 by turning the troops over to a young officer in whose marriage he later played a role. Who was this officer? More… Discuss
Goethals was a US army engineer who served as chief engineer of the Panama Canal. During the course of the project, yellow fever, labor troubles, unexpected construction complications, and crumbling substrata caused numerous setbacks and claimed thousands of lives. By taking personal interest in the men working on the canal, however, Goethals created an atmosphere of cooperation and completed the project ahead of schedule. The Goethals Bridge, named in his honor, links what two US states? More… Discuss
|Definition:||(verb) To renounce under oath; forswear.|
|Synonyms:||recant, retract, resile|
|Usage:||For nearly 21 years after his resignation as Prime Minister in 1963, he abjured all titles, preferring to remain just plain “Mr.” Discuss.|
Rasputin was a notorious figure in the court of Czar Nicholas II due to his magnetic personality and relative success in treating the czarevitch’s hemophilia. His appointees filled high positions, and those who opposed him were dismissed. A semiliterate peasant, Rasputin gained a reputation as a holy man, preaching a doctrine of salvation that mixed religious fervor with sexual indulgence. In 1916, a group of right-wing patriots plotted to kill him. What happened when they tried to poison him? More… Discuss
Queen Victoria ruled the UK for more than 63 years, longer than any other British monarch. Her reign, known as the Victorian Era, coincided with the height of the Industrial Revolution and was marked by significant social, economic, and technological changes in the UK. Though the Irish Potato Famine adversely affected Victoria’s popularity, she was mostly well liked. She was a carrier of the hereditary illness later dubbed the “royal disease.” What is the disease called today? More… Discuss
Rizal was a Philippine nationalist, author, poet, and physician. While living in Europe, he published novels railing against the evils of Spanish rule in the Philippines, earning him the ire of officials there. Upon his return in 1892, Rizal was arrested as a revolutionary agitator. When an armed rebellion broke out four years later, Rizal, who had advocated reform but not revolution, was shot for sedition. His martyrdom fueled the revolution. What did he do on the eve of his execution? More… Discuss
just a thought: “even the best theories don’t live through their application in practice!”
|Definition:||(verb) To offer congratulations to.|
|Usage:||I felicitate you on your memory, sir. Discuss.|
Published on May 2, 2014
MUST WATCH Talk by Prof. Noam Chomsky Remembering the Vietnam War.
Date – 2005
|Definition:||(noun) A female head of a family or tribe.|
|Usage:||As materfamilias, my grandmother calls the shots on holidays like Thanksgiving, and no one dares question her. Discuss.|
Thatcher was Great Britain’s first female prime minister and served longer than any other British prime minister in the 20th century. While in office, she initiated what became known as the “Thatcher Revolution,” a series of social and economic changes that dismantled many aspects of Britain’s postwar welfare state, establishing free-market economic policies and deregulating industries. Before embarking on her political career, she was a research chemist working with what popular dessert food? More… Discuss
May 3, known in Poland as Swieto Trzeciego Maja, is a patriotic legal holiday honoring the nation’s first constitution, adopted in 1791. It introduced fundamental changes in the way Poland was governed, based on the ideas of the French Revolution, and represented an attempt to preserve the country’s independence. Although the May 3rd Constitution (as it was called) represented a great advance for the Polish people, it also aroused the anxieties of neighboring countries and eventually led to theSecond Partition two years later. More… Discuss
Like much of Africa, the area that is now Zimbabwe was long controlled by Europeans. In 1922, the 34,000 European settlers chose to become a self-governing British colony, Southern Rhodesia; in 1923, Southern Rhodesia was annexed by the British Crown. A fight for independence took place in the 1970s. An independent constitution was written for Zimbabwe in London in 1979, and independence followed on April 18, 1980. Independence Day is celebrated in every city and district of the nation with political rallies, parades, traditional dances, singing, and fireworks. More…Discuss
The International Union of American Republics (now called the Pan American Union)—general secretariat of the Organization of American States (OAS)—designated April 14 as Pan American Day in 1930. Although each member country holds its own celebration, it is at the Pan American Union building in Washington, D.C., that one of the largest observances takes place. Students from all over the Western Hemisphere travel to Washington where, against a backdrop of flags in the courtyard of the House of the Americas, they perform folk songs and dances. More… Discuss
The Notre-Dame Affair was an anti-Catholic intervention performed by radical members of the Lettrist movement on Easter Sunday 1950. During a quiet moment in the Easter High Mass, Michel Mourre, disguised as a Dominican monk, climbed to the rostrum and declaimed a blasphemous anti-sermon on the death of God. Not surprisingly, his statements enraged the thousands of faithful present at the mass, who went after Mourre and his co-conspirators and may well have lynched them had it not been for whom?More… Discuss
When at age 68 Harrison became the 9th president of the US, he was the oldest man yet to step into that role. Despite his age, he paid little heed to the cold, wet weather on the day of his inauguration and proceeded to deliver the longest inaugural speech in US history—without hat or overcoat. Pneumonia claimed his life a month later, making him the first American president to die in office and making his presidency the briefest ever. According to legend, he was the first victim of what curse? More… Discuss
Priestley was an English theologian and scientist. He prepared for the Presbyterian ministry but gradually rejected orthodox Calvinism for Unitarianism. His History of the Corruptions of Christianity, published in 1782, was officially burned in 1785, and he immigrated to the US in 1794, befriending the nation’s founders. As a scientist, his manipulation of gases enabled him to discover new ones, including “dephlogisticated air,” a breakthrough whose magnitude escaped him. What gas was it? More… Discuss
|NAME: Goldbelt Spring
CLIMATE: Hot summer, cool winter
BEST TIME TO VISIT: Anytime
|COMMENTS: East/south from Teakettle Junction in Death Valley NP, thru Hidden Valley. Or east on Hunter Mountain Road, likely closed by snow in winter and late spring
REMAINS: Dumptruck, dugout, building remains
|The famous Shorty Harris lead the first rush into the Goldbelt Mining District after he discovered gold a few miles south of the area’s namesake, Goldbelt Spring. There was talk of building a town site but, the ore didn’t amount to much so, the talk fizzled. Harris also discovered tungsten here in 1915. In the 1940’s, talc was discovered and mined in various locations. Although no large talc deposits were ever discovered here. There are only flattened buildings now left when only a few years ago there were three 50s era shacks, a dugout and an outhouse. The nearby Calmet Mine has an abandoned ore chute. The spring is marked by a dumptruck, resting forever at this site. As this is the only reliable spring in the area, it was used by the Tuhu band of Western Shoshoni indians, and later by miners (mostly talc and chrysotile asbestos) as a base camp. Before they were removed by the Park Service, non-indigenous feral burros frequented the site, evidenced by numerous skulls and bones that could once be found nearby. None of the local mines was particularly productive and none were major operations. Geologically, chrysotile occurs just north of Goldbelt on the east side of Ulida Flat in a zone of serpentinized dolomite which was altered in contact with quartz monzonite, probably of the Hunter Mountain Pluton. Submitted by: Bill Cook||
Goldbelt dwelling, outhouse and dugout
Courtesy Bill Cook
Framed at Goldbelt
Courtesy Bill Cook
The youngest child of Joseph Stalin, and his only daughter, Svetlana Alliluyeva caused a furor when she defected to the West in the 1960s, leaving behind her two grown children in the process. After becoming a naturalized US citizen, she published two successful memoirs, married, took the name Lana Peters, had a daughter, and divorced. In 1984, she returned to the USSR and renounced her defection, but her resolve soon wavered. How long was it before she left again for the West? More… Discuss
Cody’s father passed away when he was just a boy, leaving him to support the family. He worked as a wagoner, trapper, and prospector before joining the Pony Express at 14. After serving in the American Civil War, he became a buffalo hunter—hence the nickname “Buffalo Bill.” Writers chronicled his frontier exploits, making him a folk hero. He capitalized on his fame with “Buffalo Bill’s Wild West Show,” which toured the US and Europe for decades. How many buffalo did Bill claim to have killed? More… Discuss
The Mamluks were members of a warrior caste that ruled Egypt from about 1250 to 1517. Islamic rulers created the caste by collecting non-Muslim slave boys, grooming them as cavalry soldiers, and converting them to Islam during training. The Mamluks initially served the Ayyubid sultans but grew powerful enough to challenge them and claim the sultanate. Though the Ottomans crushed the Mamluks and took Cairo in 1517, the word “mamluk” lives on in various cultures today. What meanings does it have? More… Discuss
Now a household name known the world over for his role in the technological revolution of recent decades at the helm of Apple Inc., Jobs was once a college dropout tinkering with computer parts in his parents’ garage. It was there that he and Stephen Wozniak founded Apple in 1976 and built their first computers. Jobs left Apple in 1985 but returned in 1996 and played a key role in reviving the financially ailing company, reconfirming his reputation as an industry visionary. What is a Stevenote? More… Discuss
Technophobia—a fear of advanced technology—emerged alongside the mechanical innovations of the Industrial Revolution and became ever more pervasive as inventions ranging from the light bulb to the atomic bomb demonstrated technology’s astounding capabilities. Mild technophobia is quite common—many experience it when facing an unfamiliar computer system at a new job. More acute technophobes see technology as inherently dangerous. What well-known novel was one of the first to tackle technophobia? More… Discuss
A national debt, if it is not excessive, will be to us a national blessing.
Today we are used to turning on the television at any hour of the day or night and having access to countless channels broadcasting all manner of program, but this was not always the case. In television’s early days, the British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC) was the UK’s sole public broadcaster; it started out with just one channel, and it cut its feed from 6PM to 7PM to accommodate parents putting their children to bed. What caused the BBC to eventually abandon the so-called Toddlers’ Truce?More… Discuss