Tag Archives: historical events

Today In History. What Happened This Day In History


Today In History. What Happened This Day In History

A chronological timetable of historical events that occurred on this day in history. Historical facts of the day in the areas of military, politics, science, music, sports, arts, entertainment and more. Discover what happened today in history.

March 5

1624   Class-based legislation is passed in the colony of Virginia, exempting the upper class from punishment by whipping.
1766   Antonio de Ulloa, the first Spanish governor of Louisiana, arrives in New Orleans.
1793   Austrian troops crush the French and recapture Liege.
1821   James Monroe becomes the first president to be inaugurated on March 5, only because the 4th was a Sunday.
1905   Russians begin to retreat from Mukden in Manchuria, China.
1912   The Italians become the first to use dirigibles for military purposes, using them for reconnaissance flights behind Turkish lines west of Tripoli.
1918   The Soviets move the capital of Russia from Petrograd to Moscow.
1928   Hitler’s National Socialists win the majority vote in Bavaria.
1933   Newly inaugurated President Franklin D. Roosevelt halts the trading of gold and declares a bank holiday.
1933   Hitler and Nationalist allies win the Reichstag majority. It will be the last free election in Germany until after World War II.
1943   In desperation due to war losses, fifteen and sixteen year olds are called up for military service in the German army.
1946   In Fulton, Missouri, Winston Churchill tells a crowd that “an iron curtain has descended on the Continent [of Europe].”
1956   The U.S. Supreme Court affirms the ban on segregation in public schools in Brown vs. Board of Education.
1969   Gustav Heinemann is elected West German President.
1976   Britain gives up on the Ulster talks and decides to retain rule in Northern Ireland indefinitely.
1984   The U.S. Supreme Court rules that cities have the right to display the Nativity scene as part of their Christmas display.
Born on March 5
1326   Louis I (the Great), King of Hungary.
1574   William Oughtred, mathematician and inventor of the slide rule.
1824   Elisha Harris, U.S. physician and founder of the American Public Health Association.
1824   James Merritt Ives, lithographer for Currier and Ives.
1853   Howard Pyle, writer and illustrator (The Merry Adventures of Robin Hood).
1870   Frank Norris, novelist (McTeague, The Octopus).
1887   Heitor Villa-Lobos, Brazillian composer.
1908   Rex Harrison, actor.
1938   Lynn Margulis, biologist.
1948   Leslie Marmon Silko, writer (Ceremony).

– See more at: http://www.historynet.com/today-in-history#sthash.ZdUi8cYV.dpuf

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Today In History. What Happened This Day In History

A chronological timetable of historical events that occurred on this day in history. Historical facts of the day in the areas of military, politics, science, music, sports, arts, entertainment and more. Discover what happened today in history.

February 19

1408   The revolt of Henry Percy, Earl of Northumberland, against King Henry IV, ends with his defeat and death at Bramham Moor.
1701   Philip V of Spain makes his ceremonial entry into Madrid.
1807   Vice President Aaron Burr is arrested in Alabama for treason. He is later found innocent.
1847   Rescuers finally reach the ill-fated Donnor Party in the Sierras.
1861   Russian Tsar Alexander II abolishes serfdom.
1902   Smallpox vaccination becomes obligatory in France.
1903   The Austria-Hungary government decrees a mandatory two year military service.
1915   British and French warships begin their attacks on the Turkish forts at the mouth of the Dardenelles, in an abortive expedition to force the straits of Gallipoli.
1917   American troops are recalled from the Mexican border.
1919   The First Pan African Congress meets in Paris, France.
1925   President Calvin Coolidge proposes the phasing out of inheritance tax.
1926   Dr. Lane of Princeton estimates the earth’s age at one billion years.
1942   Port Darwin, on the northern coast of Australia, is bombed by the Japanese.
1944   The U.S. Eighth Air Force and Royal Air Force begin “Big Week,” a series of heavy bomber attacks against German aircraft production facilities.
1965   Fourteen Vietnam War protesters are arrested for blocking the United Nations’ doors in New York.
1966   Robert F. Kennedy suggests the United States offer the Vietcong a role in governing South Vietnam.
1976   Britain slashes welfare spending.
1981   The U.S. State Department calls El Salvador a “textbook case” of a Communist plot.
1987   New York Governor Mario Cuomo declares that he will not run for president in the next election.
Born on February 19
1473   Nicholas Copernicus, Polish astronomer who introduced the idea that the earth revolved around the sun.
1683   Philip V, King of Spain.
1817   William III, King of the Netherlands.
1859   Svante Arrhenius, Swedish chemist, founder of physical chemistry.
1902   Kay Boyle, short story writer (“The White Horses of Vienna”).
1911   Merle Oberon, film actress.
1917   Carson McCuller, writer (The Heart is a Lonely Hunter).
1940   Smokey Robinson, American singer and songwriter.
1952   Amy Tan, novelist (The Joy Luck CLub, The Kitchen God’s Wife).

– See more at: http://www.historynet.com/today-in-history#sthash.oUU56rIE.dpuf

Today In History. What Happened This Day In History


Today In History. What Happened This Day In History

A Timeline Of Events That Occurred On This Day In History

A chronological timetable of historical events that occurred on this day in history. Historical facts of the day in the areas of military, politics, science, music, sports, arts, entertainment and more. Discover what happened today in history.

February 1

1327   Edward III is coronated King of England.
1587   Elizabeth I, Queen of England, signs the Warrant of Execution for Mary Queen of Scots.
1633   The tobacco laws of Virginia are codified, limiting tobacco production to reduce dependence on a single-crop economy.
1793   France declares war on Britain and the Netherlands.
1861   A furious Governor Sam Houston storms out of a legislative session upon learning that Texas has voted 167-7 to secede from the Union.
1902   U.S. Secretary of State John Hay protests Russian privileges in China as a violation of the “open door policy.”
1905   Germany contests French rule in Morocco.
1909   U.S. troops leave Cuba after installing Jose Miguel Gomez as president.
1930   A Loening Air Yacht of Air Ferries makes its first passenger run between San Francisco and Oakland, California..
1942   Planes of the U.S. Pacific fleet attack Japanese bases in the Marshall and Gilbert Islands.
1943   American tanks and infantry are battered at German positions at Fais pass in North Africa.
1944   U.S. Army troops invade two Kwajalein Islands in the Pacific.
1945   U.S. Rangers and Filipino guerrillas rescue 513 American survivors of the Bataan Death March.
1951   Third A-bomb tests are completed in the desert of Nevada.
1960   Four black students stage a sit-in at a segregated Greensboro, N.C. lunch counter.
1964   President Lyndon B. Johnson rejects Charles de Gaulle‘s plan for a neutral Vietnam.
1965   Reverend Martin Luther King Jr. and 770 others are arrested in protest against voter discrimination in Alabama.
1968   U.S. troops drive the North Vietnamese out of Tan Son Nhut airport in Saigon.
1968   South Vietnam President Nguyen Van Thieu declares martial law.
1986   Two days of anti-government riots in Port-au-Prince result in 14 dead.
Born on February 1
1552   Sir Edward Coke, English jurist who helped the development of English law with his arguments for the supremacy of common law over royal prerogative.
1878   Hattie Caraway, first woman elected to the U.S. Senate.
1901   Clark Gable, American film actor (Mutiny on the Bounty, Gone With the Wind).
1902   Langston Hughes, African-American poet
1931   Boris Yeltsin, The first president of the Republic of Russia and prime minister of the Russian Federation.

– See more at: http://www.historynet.com/today-in-history/february-01#sthash.wNe3P04U.dpuf

Today In History. What Happened This Day In History


Today In History. What Happened This Day In History

A chronological timetable of historical events that occurred on this day in history. Historical facts of the day in the areas of military, politics, science, music, sports, arts, entertainment and more. Discover what happened today in history.

January 17

1601   The Treaty of Lyons ends a short war between France and Savoy.
1746   Charles Edward Stuart, the young pretender, defeats the government forces at the battle of Falkirk in Scotland.
1773   Captain James Cook becomes the first person to cross the Antarctic Circle.
1819   Simon Bolivar the “liberator” proclaims Columbia a republic.
1893   Queen Liliuokalani, the Hawaiian monarch, is overthrown by a group of American sugar planters led by Sanford Ballard Dole.
1852   At the Sand River Convention, the British recognize the independence of the Transvaal Board.
1912   Robert Scott reaches the South Pole only a month after Roald Amundsen.
1939   The Reich issues an order forbidding Jews to practice as dentists, veterinarians and chemists.
1945   The Red army occupies Warsaw.
1963   Soviet leader Khrushchev visits the Berlin Wall.
1985   A jury in New Jersey rules that terminally ill patients have the right to starve themselves.
Born on January 17
1504   Pius V, Pope 1566-1572.
1706   Benjamin Franklin, statesman, diplomat, scientist and inventor who helped draft the Declaration of Independence and wrote Poor Richard’s Almanac.
1860   Anton Chekhov, Russian playwright and short story writer famous for The Seagull and Three Sisters.
1863   David Lloyd George, British Prime Minister during World War I.
1899   Al Capone, U.S. mobster known as “Scarface Al” who ran most of Chicago and the surrounding area.
1922   Betty White, actress; created memorable characters in TV sitcoms from the 1950s into the 21st century (Life with Elizabeth, Mary Tyler Moore, The Golden Girls, Hot in Cleveland) and was a popular guest on TV games shows. At age 88 and a half she became the oldest person ever to host Saturday Night Live (2010).
1942   Muhammad Ali [Cassius Clay], U.S. boxer, “The Greatest,” who is the only three-time heavyweight champion..
1964   Michelle Robinson Obama, wife of US President Barack Obama.

– See more at: http://www.historynet.com/today-in-history#sthash.hxRqeQ1F.dpuf

This Day in History: MAYAN LONG COUNT CALENDAR BEGINS (3114 BCE)


Mayan Long Count Calendar Begins (3114 BCE)

The Long Count is one of the various ancient Mayan calendars that maintained complicated, cyclical measurements of time. It was intended to provide an accurate record of historical events and counts the days elapsed from a fixed starting point—calculated as August 11, 3114 BCE, the date of creation according to the Maya. Some believe that the calendar predicts the world’s end on December 21, 2012, but scholars have widely rejected this claim. What was the significance of that date to the Maya? More… Discuss