Tag Archives: Saturday

this pressed-pay per page media? yes: Ebola Screenings Begin at New York’s JFK Airport – WSJ


Ebola screenings began on Saturday at New York’s John F. Kennedy International Airport for travelers coming from the most-affected West African countries, in an effort to curb the spread of the disease in the U.S.About two dozen flights with some passengers from Liberia, Sierra Leone and Guinea were expected to land at JFK on Saturday, according to officials with the Port Authority of New York and New Jersey, which operates the…

Ebola screenings began on Saturday at New York’s John F. Kennedy International Airport for travelers coming from the most-affected West African countries, in an effort to curb the spread of the disease in the U.S.

About two dozen flights with some passengers from Liberia, Sierra Leone and Guinea were expected to land at JFK on Saturday, according to officials with the Port Authority of New York and New Jersey, which operates the…

via Ebola Screenings Begin at New York’s JFK Airport – WSJ.

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NEWS: EIGHT DEAD, MORE THAN 100 MISSING FOLLOWING MUDSLIDE


Eight Dead, More Than 100 Missing following Mudslide

Eight bodies have been recovered and more than 100 people are still missing following a mudslide in the US state of Washington that destroyed about 30 homes near the town of Oso on Saturday. The area has had problems with unstable land in the past, but this is the most devastating mudslide it has seen in recent years. Authorities believe recent heavy rain is to blame for the disaster.Search-and-rescue operations are ongoing, but dangerous conditions are hampering the effort. No survivors have been recovered since Saturday.More… Discuss

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NEWS: STILL NO SIGHT OF MISSING MALAYSIA AIRLINES PLANE


Still No Sight of Missing Malaysia Airlines Plane

As the days tick by, and searchers fail to turn up any sign of missing Malaysia Airlines flight MH370, it seems less and less likely that this story will have anything other than a tragic ending. Loved ones of the 239 souls on board are clinging to the last vestiges of hope, but they are being told to prepare for the worst. The Boeing 777, which departed Kuala Lumpur on Saturday, vanished without a trace while en route to Beijing. No distress call was issued. It has since come to light that two passengers on the plane were traveling with stolen passports, raising the question of whether the disappearance is terror related. However, until the plane is found, officials can do little more than speculate. More…Discuss

 

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In the News: KENYAN FORCES GAINING GROUND IN NAIROBI MALL ATTACK


Kenyan Forces Gaining Ground in Nairobi Mall Attack

Kenyan authorities claim to have gained control of a mall that was the site of a days-long attack by (al-Shabaab) terrorists that killed at least 62 people and injured at least 170 more. The massacre in the upscale Nairobi shopping center began at about noon on Saturday and is believed to be in its final stages, with all of the hostages now thought to be out of harm’s way and Kenyan forces combing the building for remaining gunmen. The group behind the attack claims it was retaliation for Kenyan military operations in SomaliaMore… Discuss

CNN: Pepper spray used on demonstrators at Air and Space Museum


Pepper spray used on demonstrators at Air and Space Museum

Pepper spray used on demonstrators at Air and Space Museum (Click on picture to access and read the story at CNN)

STORY HIGHLIGHTS

About Pepper Spray

Pepper spray, also known as OC spray (from “Oleoresin Capsicum“), OC gas, and capsicum spray, is a lachrymatory agent (a chemical compound that irritates the eyes to cause tears, pain, and even temporary blindness) that is used in riot control, crowd control, and personal self-defence, including defence against dogs and bears.[1] Its inflammatory effects cause the eyes to close, taking away vision. This temporary blindness allows officers to more easily restrain subjects and permits persons using pepper spray for self-defense an opportunity to escape.

Although considered a non-lethal agent, it may be deadly in rare cases, and concerns have been raised about a number of deaths where being pepper sprayed may have been a contributing factor.[2]

The active ingredient in pepper spray is capsaicin, which is a chemical derived from the fruit of plants in the Capsicum genus, including chilis. Extraction of oleoresin capsicum from peppers involves finely ground capsicum, from which capsaicin is extracted in an organic solvent such as ethanol. The solvent is then evaporated, and the remaining waxlike resin is the oleoresin capsicum. An emulsifier such as propylene glycol is used to suspend the OC in water, and pressurized to make it aerosol in pepper spray. The high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) method is used to measure the amount of capsaicin and major capsaicinoids within pepper sprays.

A synthetic analogue of capsaicin, pelargonic acid vanillylamide (desmethyldihydrocapsaicin), is used in another version of pepper spray known as PAVA spray which is used in the United Kingdom. Another synthetic counterpart of pepper spray, pelargonic acid morpholide, was developed and is widely used in Russia. Its effectiveness compared to natural pepper spray is unclear.

Pepper spray typically comes in canisters, which are often small enough to be carried or concealed in a pocket or purse. Pepper spray can also be bought concealed in items such as rings. There are also pepper spray projectiles available, which can be fired from a paintball gun. It has been used for years against demonstrators. Many such canisters also contain dyes, either visible or UV-reactive, to mark an attacker’s skin and/or clothing to enhance identification by police.

The word Mace, a registered trademark of Mace Security International, is often used synonymously with pepper spray or tear gas; Mace was one of the original manufacturers of nonlethal security sprays in the US. However, not all of their products can be considered pepper spray.

The European Parliament Scientific and Technological Options Assessment (STOA) published in 1998 “An Appraisal of Technologies of Political Control”[5] with extensive information on pepper spray and tear gas. They write:

The effects of pepper spray are far more severe, including temporary blindness which lasts from 15–30 minutes, a burning sensation of the skin which lasts from 45 to 60 minutes, upper body spasms which force a person to bend forward and uncontrollable coughing making it difficult to breathe or speak for between 3 to 15 minutes.

For those with asthma, taking other drugs, or subject to restraining techniques which restrict the breathing passages, there is a risk of death. The Los Angeles Times has reported at least 61 deaths associated with police use of pepper spray since 1990 in the USA.[6] The American Civil Liberties Union (ACLU) documented 27 people in police custody who died after exposure to pepper spray in California since 1993.[2][7][8] However, the ACLU report counts any death occurring within hours of exposure to pepper spray. In all 27 cases, the coroners’ report listed other factors as the primary cause of death, though in some cases the use of pepper spray may have been a contributing factor.[2]

The US Army concluded in a 1993 Aberdeen Proving Ground study that pepper spray could cause “[m]utagenic effects, carcinogenic effects, sensitization, cardiovascular and pulmonary toxicity, neurotoxicity, as well as possible human fatalities. There is a risk in using this product on a large and varied population”.[9] However, the pepper spray was widely approved in the US despite the reservations of the US military scientists after it passed FBI tests in 1991. As of 1999, it was in use by more than 2000 public safety agencies. ( Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pepper_spray)